임신중에 투여된 불소가 흰쥐태아의 법랑질형성에 미치는 영향을 알아보고자 어미흰쥐에게 불소를 음용 시킨 후, 생후 11일이 경과된 어린 흰쥐를 희생하였다. 이후, 하악절치를 발치한 후, 법랑단백질의 종류 및 양적 변화와 법랑질 표면의 형태학적 변화를 관찰하였다. 분비법랑질과 성숙법랑질에서 추출한 법랑단백질을 전기 영동한 결과, 분비법량질에서는 분자량
The present study has been carried out to investigate the effect of fluoride toxicity on the morphology as well as inorganic chemical constituents of rat teeth. Rats were administered sodium fluoride at dose of 0 ppm, 100 ppm, 200 ppm and 300 ppm at the beginning of pregnancy. Animals were perfused intravascularly with glutaraldehyde and the incisors were removed. Changes in the protein composition of the secretory and maturation enamel were investigated using polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS PAGE). And the enamel surface of incisors was examined under scanning electron microscope (SEM). Changes of protein quantities were found significantly in high levels fluoride administration for experimental groups compared with control. The SDS PAGE analysis demonstrated as follows In control group, secretory phase enamel protein, amelogenins, was detected more quantities than experimental group. The enamelin, presence in maturation phase enamel , showed more quantifies than control enamel with an increasing fluoride concentration in the drinking water. Also, the scanning electron micrographic data showed hypoplastic, tough, uneven, pitted and cracked enamel surfaces covered with granular deposits as a result of excessive intake of fluoride. From these results we conclude that high dose of fluoride administration leads to severe structural alterations on the enamel surface and these structural changes could be through defective mineralization.
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