본 논문은 주파수 선택적 레일레이 페이딩(Frequency selective Rayleigh fading) 환경 하에서 수신 신호들 간에 상관이 존재할 때, OFDM(Othogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) 다중 안테나 시스템의 채널 용량을 연구하였다. 송, 수신안테나를 각각 두 개 사용하였을 때, 채널 용량을 상관 계수의 함수로 closed-form 형태로 유도하였고, 각 안테나 당 평균수신 신호 전력이 동일할 때와 동일하지 않을 때 채널 용량에 미치는 영향을 분석하였다. 분석 결과 수신 신호의 상관 계수가 증가할수록 채널 용량이 감소하였고, 수신 신호 상관 계수가 약 0.7보다 클 때 채널 용량은 급격히 감소하였다. 그리고 각 안테나 당 평균 수신 신호 전력이 동일할 때 채널 용량은 최대가 됨을 알 수 있었다.
This study examines the channel capacity of a multiple antenna system based on OFDM(Othogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) when there are correlations among received signals in the frequency selective Rayleigh fading. As for a case that two transmitting and two receiving antennas are used, the channel capacity is derived as a function of correlation in a closed-form and the effect on channel capacity is analyzed when the mean value of the of received signal power is identical/ non-identical between the two receiving antennas. Analytical results show that the channel capacity decreases with the correlation coefficient of the received signals, and the decreasing rate is accelerated when the correlation coefficient of the received signals is greater than 0.7. In addition, the channel capacity reaches its peak when the received mean signal power of each branch is identical.
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