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Abstract

We evaluated the nutritional composition of the siphon of the surf clam Tresus keenae in regard to the presence of nitrogenous [amino acids, nucleotides and their related compounds, total creatinine, betaine, trimethylamine oxide (TMAO), and trimethylamine (TMA)] and non­nitrogenous compounds (sugars and organic acids), lipid fatty-acid composition, and occurrence of minerals. The content of total free amino acids was 660.27 $\pm$ 7.94 mg/100 g, and the predominant amino acids were arginine, alanine, sarcosine, glycine, and glutamic acid. These amino acids accounted for $71\;\%$ of the total free amino acids. Among the nucleotides and their related compounds, inosine was the major component and comprised 40.38 $\pm$ 0.02 mg/100 g. Free amino acids were the largest contributor to total extracted nitrogen, comprising $49.94\%$, followed by total creatinine, betaine, nucleotides, and ammonia; the contribution of TMAO and TMA was small. For the non-nitrogenous compounds, malic acid, propionic acid, and succinic acid comprised the major portion of the ten kinds of organic acids detected, and the sugars found were glucose, maltose, and arabinose, which were estimated to be $147.0\pm7.15,\;34.45\pm1.09,\;and\;1.21\pm0.02\;mg/100\;g,$ respectively. The predominant minerals were Na and K, which comprised $11.43\pm1.06\;and\;9.46\pm1.02\;mg/100\;g,$ respectively. The major fatty acids were C22:6, C20:5, C23:0, C18:3, and C16:0 in the lipid fractions. The 23:0 level of glycolipid (GL) was the highest of any other lipid fraction. The amount of total polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in the lipid fractions was higher, ranging from $58.22\%\;in\;GL\;to\;77.1\%$ in phospholipid (PL), compared to the saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids. Of the n-3 fatty acids, C20:5 and C22:6 contributed $35.30-64.44\%$ of PUFA in the lipid fractions. The ratios of n-3 to n-6 PUFA in total lipid (TL), neutral lipid (NL), PL, and GL were 4.35, 4.26, 6.69, and 2.04, respectively.

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이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (1)

  1. 2007. "" Food science and biotechnology, 16(3): 367~373 

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