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Studies on Body Fat Ratio and Nutrient Intakes of College Students

Nutritional sciences v.8 no.1 , 2005년, pp.56 - 60  
Abstract

The aim of this study researchs status of the nutrient intake between male and female students and the nutrient intake by BMI. This study was done to investigate the body composition and nutrient intakes of 340 college students (170 males, 170 females) in Gyeonggi area. Weight, height, BMI, and blood pressure of these college students were measured Nutrient intake was assessed using the 24-hour recall method, and then calculated using the nutritional evaluation program [CAN Pro 2.0 professional (Korean Nutrition Society, 2002)]. Average height and weight were 176$\pm$5.1 cm, 70.60$\pm$l.l kg in male students and 162.2/$\pm$4.5 cm, 54.4$\pm$7.7 kg in female students respectively. Subjects were divided into three groups by BMI: underweight (less than 18.5), normal weight (18.5 to less than 23), and overweight (more than 23). The ratios of male and female subjects among these groups were 5.3% and 17.6% in underweight, 50% and 65.3% in normal weight, and 44.7% and 17.2% in overweight. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures were 124.0$\pm$1.5 mmHg and 76.1$\pm$14.8 mmHg in males and 1l0.l$\pm$12.9 mmHg and 70.l$\pm$10.8 mmHg in females, all in the normal range. Using nutrient values of the 7th Recommended Dietary Allowanes, the nutrient intake was calculated to Korean RDA (%). Nutrients below 75% Korean RDA were Calcium, Vitamin $B_2$, and Folate and nutrients above 100% RDA were Protein, Fe, Phosphorous, and Vitamin $B_6$. BMI showed positive correlations with body fat (%)(p<0.01) and WHR (p<0.01). Nutritional education is desirable for the improvement of dietary behaviors, body composition and nutrient intake of college students.

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