Building structures are generally large in size and have a long life, and the construction of such structures requires the investment of a huge amount of money and social infrastructure. Furthermore, building structures are closely related to people's life. Recently, however, the rapid development of society has been worsening air pollution, which is in turn accelerating the degradation of building structures. Thus, the safety of building structure is emerging as a critical issue. To cope with this problem, the government enacted "The Special Act on Safety Control for Infrastructure" but we need engineers' higher concern over the maintenance and reinforcement of existing structures. Recently researches are being made actively on repair mortar using ultra rapid hardening cement for recovering the performance of structures. The present study conducted an experiment on the basic physical properties of ultra rapid hardening mortar for repairing and reinforcing building structures using magnesia cement and mono-ammonium phosphate. In the experiment, we changed the water-cement ratio and carried out replacement at different ratio of MAP/MgO(%). We used retarder to have working life, and made comparative analysis through evaluating working life and fluidity and measuring strength by age.
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