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일반 사무직근로자의 근골격계 자각증상 정도에 따른 직무스트레스, 자기효능감, 우울 및 건강관련 삶의 질 변화

Changes in job stress, self-efficacy, depression and health-related quality of life according to the degree of musculoskeletal symptoms for white-collar workers

초록

본 연구는 일반 사무직근로자의 근골격계 자각증상 정도에 따른 직무스트레스, 자기효능감, 우울 및 건강관련 삶의 질에 미치는 영향을 알아보기 위해 시행되었다. 광주광역시 D보건소와 D구청에서 근무하는 근로자 중 구조화된 설문지를 자발적으로 조사에 응한 83명 중 응답이 불충분한 근로자 3명을 제외한 80명을 최종 분석대상자로 선정하였다. 실험 결과 근골격계 자각증상 정도에 따른 직무스트레스, 자기효능감, 우울 및 건강관련 삶의 질은 모두 유의한 차이가 있는 것으로 나타났으며, 건강관련 삶의 질을 제외한 우울, 자기효능감, 직무스트레스 간에 유의한 상관성을 보였다. 결론적으로 일반 사무직 근로자의 근골격계 자각증상의 정도가 심해질수록 직무스트레스, 자기효능감, 우울 및 건강관련 삶의 질 요인에도 영향을 미치는 것을 알 수 있었다. 향후 근골격계 장애에 따른 불안전한 직무스트레스, 자기효능감, 우울 및 건강관련 삶의 질의 개선을 위해 다양한 프로그램 개발 및 시행이 필요할 것이다.

Abstract

The study aims to evaluate job stress, self-efficacy, depression and health-related quality of life according to musculoskeletal symptoms of the ordinary white-collar worker. The subjects of the study were 83 workers who were working D Health Center and Dgu office of Gwangju Metropolitan City and they were voluntarily interviewed with a use of organized questionnaire. Except the responses from three subjects whose responses were insincere of 102 ones were decided for the final analysis. The results showed that there were significant differences in all job stress, self-efficacy, depression and health-related quality of life according to musculoskeletal symptoms. Depression, self-efficacy, job stress were significantly correlated; however, health related to quality of life was not. Therefore, as the results indicate that job stress, self-efficacy, depression and health-related quality of life can be affected by musculoskeletal pain for office workers, there is a need for the development of programs focused on the prevention of musculoskeletal discomfort.

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