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석회보르도액 처리농도 및 시기가 4, 5년생 인삼의 생육과 병발생에 미치는 영향

Effect of Concentration and Time of Lime-Bordeaux Mixture on Growth and Disease of Four and Five Year Old Ginseng (Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer)


Lime-bordeaux mixture (LBM) has been used instead of pesticides in ginseng field and orchard since the 1960's in Korea. In this experiment, LBM was made with different concentrations and sprayed in the field of ginseng for eco-friendly cultivation. Growth characteristics and disease such as alternaria blight, anthracnose, and gray mold were investigated in 4-5 year old ginseng after spraying LBM. LBM caused a little damage on leaf when it was sprayed at the time of leafing stage, late April and early May. Root weights of five-year-old ginseng were 43.1~51.5 g and 41.2~46.6 g in the plot of mid-April and mid-May treatments, respectively. These growth levels were further reduced as compared with that of the chemicals treatment plot. The rate of diseases in the plot of 6-6 and 8-8 ratio were 0.0~4.8% and 0.0~4.4%, respectively, which was similar with that in the plot of chemical control for alternaria blight and anthracnose. However, LBM had little effect on controling gray mold. It showed lower control effect in the plot of 4-4 ratio than that of chemical control. This result will be expected to be a useful guide that can be used in the field to the farmers of the ginseng.

참고문헌 (11)

  1. Lee SW, Kim GS, Park KC, Lee SH, Jang IB, Eo J and Cha SW. (2012). Growth characteristics and ginsenosides content of 4-year-old ginseng by spraying lime-bordeaux mixture in Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer. Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science. 20:89-93. 
  2. Choi KH, Lee DH, Song YY, Nam JC and Lee SW. (2010). Current status on the occurrence and management of disease, insect and mite pests in the non-chemical or organic cultured apple orchards in Korea. Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture. 18:221-232. 
  3. Jung SM, Ma KB, Park SJ, Kim JG, Roh JH, Hur YY and Park KS. (2011). The effect of bordeaux mixture for control of grape cv. 'Kyoho' downy mildew(Plasmopara viticola). Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture. 19:529-541. 
  4. Jung WK, Ahn DJ, Choi JK, Jang MH and Kwon TR. (2013). Effect of spraying lime-bordeaux mixture as concentration and appling time series on growth and disease occurrence of threeyear-old ginseng(Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer). Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science. 21:174-178. 
  5. Lee SW, Kim GS, Hyun DY, Kim YB, Kang SW and Cha SW. (2010). Effects of spraying lime-bordequx mixture on yield, ginsenoside and 70% ethanol extract contents of 3-year-old ginseng in Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer. Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science. 18:244-247. 
  6. Kim WS and Park JS. (2013). Selection and control effect of environmental friendly organic materials for controlling the ginseng alternaria blight. Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science. 21:388-393. 
  7. Kim WS, Park JS, Ahn I, Park KH and Kim KH. (2014). Control efficiency for ginseng anthracnose by eco-friendly organic materials. Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science. 22:270-275. 
  8. Li XG and Choi JE. (2009). Development of a system for controlling ginseng alternaria leaf blight(Alternaria panax) to reduce fungicide application and use. Research in Plant Disease. 15:17-22. 
  9. Mok SK. (2000). Standard cultivation method for ginseng. Rural Development Adminstration. Suwon, Korean. p.166-169. 
  10. Ohh SH. (1981). Diseases of ginseng: Environmental and host effect on disease outbreak and growth of pathogens. Korean Journal of Ginseng Research. 5:73-83. 
  11. Yun JH, Park H, Lee MJ and Lee MK. (1996). Study on the development of cultivation to prevent inside-white and internalcavity in ginseng. In Annual report on ginseng cultivation. Korea Ginseng Research Institute Press. Daejeon, Korea. p.482-485. 

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