지진해일파(tsunami)에 의한 피해로 소중한 인명손실뿐만 아니라 침수 범람에 의한 가옥과 같은 건물의 유실 및 방파제, 교량 및 항만과 같은 사회간접자본의 심각한 파괴 등을 들 수 있다. 본 연구의 대상인 연안구조물에서 피해원인으로 먼저 큰 지진해일파력을 고려할 수 있지만, 더불어 기초지반에서 세굴과 액상화와 같은 지반파괴를 고려할 수 있다. 진동성분과 잔류성분으로 구성되는 과잉간극수압의 증가에 따른 유효응력의 감소로 해저지반내에 액상화의 가능성이 나타나고, 액상화가 발생되면 그의 진행에 따라 구조물의 침하 혹은 전도에 의해 종국적으로 구조물이 파괴될 가능성이 높아지게 된다. 본 연구에서는 2D-NIT(Two-Dimensional Numerical Irregular wave Tank)모델로 부터 고립파를 조파시켜 직립호안 및 해저지반상에서 시간변동의 동파압을 산정하고, 그 결과를 지반의 동적응답과 구조물의 동적거동을 정밀하게 재현할 수 있는 유한요소법에 기초한 탄 소성해저지반응답의 수치해석프로그램인 FLIP(Finite element analysis LIquefaction Program)모델에 입력치로 적용하여 해저지반 및 직립호안의 주변에서 과잉간극수압 및 유효응력의 시 공간변화, 지반변형, 구조물의 변위 및 지반액상화 등을 정량적으로 평가하여 직립호안의 안정성을 평가한다.
Tsunami take away life, wash houses away and bring devastation to social infrastructures such as breakwaters, bridges and ports. The targeted coastal structure object in this study can be damaged mainly by the tsunami force together with foundation ground failure due to scouring and liquefaction. The increase of excess pore water pressure composed of oscillatory and residual components may reduce effective stress and, consequently, the seabed may liquefy. If liquefaction occurs in the seabed, the structure may sink, overturn, and eventually increase the failure potential. In this study, the solitary wave was generated using 2D-NIT(Two-Dimensional Numerical Irregular wave Tank) model, and the dynamic wave pressure acting on the seabed and the estimated surface boundary of the vertical revetment. Simulation results were used as an input data in a finite element computer program(FLIP) for elasto-plastic seabed response. The time and spatial variations in excess pore water pressure, effective stress, seabed deformation, structure displacement and liquefaction potential in the seabed were estimated. From the results of the analysis, the stability of the vertical revetment was evaluated.
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