$\require{mediawiki-texvc}$
  • 검색어에 아래의 연산자를 사용하시면 더 정확한 검색결과를 얻을 수 있습니다.
  • 검색연산자
검색연산자 기능 검색시 예
() 우선순위가 가장 높은 연산자 예1) (나노 (기계 | machine))
공백 두 개의 검색어(식)을 모두 포함하고 있는 문서 검색 예1) (나노 기계)
예2) 나노 장영실
| 두 개의 검색어(식) 중 하나 이상 포함하고 있는 문서 검색 예1) (줄기세포 | 면역)
예2) 줄기세포 | 장영실
! NOT 이후에 있는 검색어가 포함된 문서는 제외 예1) (황금 !백금)
예2) !image
* 검색어의 *란에 0개 이상의 임의의 문자가 포함된 문서 검색 예) semi*
"" 따옴표 내의 구문과 완전히 일치하는 문서만 검색 예) "Transform and Quantization"
쳇봇 이모티콘
안녕하세요!
ScienceON 챗봇입니다.
궁금한 것은 저에게 물어봐주세요.

논문 상세정보

아버지와 어머니의 양육태도와 대학생의 진로결정수준의 관계에서 자아분화의 매개효과

The Relationship Between Maternal and Paternal Parenting Styles and Young Adults' Career Decision-Making: The Mediational Roles of Differentiation of Self

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether differentiation of self mediates the relationship between parenting styles (i.e., care and overprotection) and the level of career decision-making among young adults. We separately measured the mother's and the father's parenting styles and five dimensions of differentiation of self that S. Je (1989) suggested. The data came from 387 young adults who were juniors and seniors at universities in Seoul and its surrounding cities. Using Baron and Kenny's (1986) steps based on regression, we found that the relationships between both caring and overprotective parenting styles and young adults' level of career decision-making were mediated by four dimensions of differentiation of self (i.e., intellectual functioning vs. emotional functioning, family projection process, emotional cutoff, and family regression) except for integration of self. The results were consistent for both the mother and the father. Bootstrapping tests showed that all of the mediation effects were statistically significant. This study contributes to the literature by showing that young adults' level of career decision-making is not simply determined by inputs such as parenting styles but is also mediated by differentiation of self. The results of this study are meaningful in that both the mother's and the father's parenting styles could make a difference in young adults' level of career decision-making through differentiation of self.

질의응답 

키워드에 따른 질의응답 제공
핵심어 질문 논문에서 추출한 답변
자아분화
자아분화가 잘 된 사람은 어떤 삶을 사는가?
사고와 감정이 균형을 이루고, 타인과 외부세계를 객관적으로 지각하며, 대인관계에서도 자주적이고 독립적인 입장을 취할 뿐 아니라 스트레스 상황에서도 효율적으로 대처하며, 목표지향적 삶을 산다고 한다

자아분화는 Bowen(1982)의 가족체계이론의 핵심개념이다. 자아분화가 잘 된 사람은 사고와 감정이 균형을 이루고, 타인과 외부세계를 객관적으로 지각하며, 대인관계에서도 자주적이고 독립적인 입장을 취할 뿐 아니라 스트레스 상황에서도 효율적으로 대처하며, 목표지향적 삶을 산다고 한다(Bowen, 1982). 그 결과, 자아분화가 잘 된 사람은 진로확신이나 진로결정수준(S.

대학생 시기
대학생 시기는 다른 발달시기보다 진로결정이 더욱 중요한 발달과업이라고 볼 수 있는데, 그 이유는 무엇인가?
청소년기에서 성인기로 넘어가는 동시에 직업세계로의 진입을 준비하는 시기이기 때문이다

진로를 결정하는 것은 인간의 삶에 있어서 방향을 결정하는 중요한 일이다. 특히 대학생 시기는 다른 발달시기보다 진로결정이 더욱 중요한 발달과업이라고 볼 수 있는데, 청소년기에서 성인기로 넘어가는 동시에 직업세계로의 진입을 준비하는 시기이기 때문이다(E. Park, 2008).

개인적 요인이나 가족적 요인
대학생의 진로결정수준에 개인적 요인이나 가족적 요인이 영향을 미치는데 각 요인은 무엇인가?
개인적 요인으로 자아분화(S. Ha, 2012), 자기효능감(B. Khu & J. Yoo, 2010), 자아존중감(H. Kim, 2005; N. Kim & K. Lee, 2012; M. Koh & J. Park, 2008) 등이 대학생의 진로결정수준에 영향을 미치는 요인으로 지적되었다. 가족적 요인으로는 부모의 양육태도(H. Lee & H. Jo, 2004), 부모의 긍정적 관여(B. Khu & J. Yoo, 2010), 부모의 지지(J. Shin, 2010), 부모-자녀 유대관계(J. Kim & J. Jung, 2012) 등이 진로결정수준에 영향을 미친다고 한다

대학생의 진로결정수준에 관한 선행연구를 살펴보면 개인적 요인이나 가족적 요인이 진로결정수준에 영향을 미친다는 것을 알 수 있다. 먼저 개인적 요인으로 자아분화(S. Ha, 2012), 자기효능감(B. Khu & J. Yoo, 2010), 자아존중감(H. Kim, 2005; N. Kim & K. Lee, 2012; M. Koh & J. Park, 2008) 등이 대학생의 진로결정수준에 영향을 미치는 요인으로 지적되었다. 가족적 요인으로는 부모의 양육태도(H. Lee & H. Jo, 2004), 부모의 긍정적 관여(B. Khu & J. Yoo, 2010), 부모의 지지(J. Shin, 2010), 부모-자녀 유대관계(J. Kim & J. Jung, 2012) 등이 진로결정수준에 영향을 미친다고 한다. 특히 부모의 양육태도는 대학생의 진로결정수준에 영향을 미치는 중요한 요인으로 지적되고 있다(H.

질의응답 정보가 도움이 되었나요?

참고문헌 (71)

  1. 1. An, H. (2012.10.5). The biggest concern is employment. Retrieved from http://news.khan.co.kr/kh_news/khan_art_view.html?artid201210052151515&code9 
  2. 2. An, M., & Yu, K. (2013). The influence of parental career support and parental autonomy support on adolescent's career attitude maturity : The mediating effect of career decision-making self efficacy by gender difference. Korean Journal of Youth Studies, 20(9), 73-95. 
  3. 3. Arnett, J. J. (2000). Emerging adulthood: A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties. American Psychologist, 55, 469-480. 
  4. 4. Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1173-1182. 
  5. 5. Bae, S. (2012). A comparative study for the difference in the accuracy of the online and offline surveys. Unpublished master's thesis. Wonkwang University, Iksan, Korea. 
  6. 6. Becker, W. C. (1964). Consequences of different kids of parental discipline. In L. W. Hoffman (Ed.), Review of child development research, Russeoo Sage Foundation. 
  7. 7. Bowen, M. (1982). Family therapy in clinical practice. New York: Jason Aronson. 
  8. 8. Choi, Y. (2007). College students' parents involved in course registration. Retrieved from http://www.segye.com/content/html/2007/08/12/20070812000080.html 
  9. 9. Choi. S. (2013). The gender difference in relationship between parental career support and career aspiration: The mediation effect of career decision selfefficacy. Asian Journal of Education, 14(2), 213-234. 
  10. 10. Ha, S. (2012). Relationships of self-differentiation with mental health and career indecision among male and female college students. Journal of Family Relations, 17(2), 177-195. 
  11. 11. Han, D., & Kim, W. (2013). Mediating effect of differentiation of self on the association between negative maternal child-rearing attitude and hostility of adolescent. Korea Journal of Counseling, 14(1), 247-263. 
  12. 12. Han, S. (2007). Types of career decision-making and career decision level according to high school students' self differentiation level. Unpublished master's thesis. Daegu University, Gyeongsan, Korea. 
  13. 13. Hayes, A. F. (2013). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis: A regression-based approach. New York: The Guilford Press. 
  14. 14. Heo, J. (2010). Effect of parental rearing attitudes and communication on adolescents' career decision-making styles. International Journal of Contents, 10(9), 504-513. 
  15. 15. Hong, N. (2010). The mediating effect of covert narcissism on parental child-rearing attitudes and college students' career indecision. Unpublished master's thesis. Sungshin University, Seoul, Korea. 
  16. 16. Hong, W. (2013). Effects of perceived parenting styles and self-differentiation on learned helplessness among high school students. Unpublished master's thesis. Korea University, Seoul, Korea. 
  17. 17. Jang, E. (2011). Analysis of the structural relationship among career decision-making autonomy, self-differentiation, self-directed learning ability and career exploration behavior of university students. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Dong-A University, Busan, Korea. 
  18. 18. Je, S. (1989). The relationship between differentiation of self and dysfunctional behavior. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Pusan University, Pusan, Korea. 
  19. 19. Jeon, E., & Kwon, K. (2011). The effect of attachment and independence on the college students' career decision-making: Meditated by self-esteem. Korea Journal of Counseling, 12(1), 243-260. 
  20. 20. Jin, E. (2001). The relationships among parents' rearing attitudes, self-efficacy, and peak-experience. Unpublished master's thesis. Korea National University of Education, Cheongju, Korea. 
  21. 21. Jun, B. (2008). The effects of self-differentiation on career decision-making self-efficacy and career decision-making level of high school students. Unpublished master's thesis. Kyungnam University, Changwon, Korea. 
  22. 22. Jung, A. K. Kim, K. H., & Kim, D. M. (2008). A meta-analysis on the studies of career indecision and its related variables. Korean Journal of Counseling, 9(2), 551-564. 
  23. 23. Jung, H. (2006). The effects of self-esteem and self-differentiation on career decision level among juveniles. Unpublished master's thesis. Kyungnam University, Changwon, Korea. 
  24. 24. Kang, J. (2012.12.26). Employment stress driven young adults to adolescent suicide. Retrieved from http://www.hankyung.com/news/app/newsview.php?aid2012122667071 
  25. 25. Kang, K. (2009). The effect of self differentiation self-esteem and ego-resilience of undergraduate students on job-seeking stress. Unpublished master's thesis. Inje University, Gimhae, Korea. 
  26. 26. Kang, S. (2013). The effect of self-differentiation on college students career indecision: The mediating effect of career identity. Unpublished master's thesis. Kwang Woon University, Seoul, Korea. 
  27. 27. Kenny, D. A. (2014. 4. 9). Mediation. Retrieved from http://davidakenny.net/cm/mediate.htm 
  28. 28. Khu, B., & Yoo, J. (2010). The effects of positive involvement of parent and self efficacy on career decision and career prepared behaviors of adolescents. Korea Journal of Counseling, 11(1), 171-187. 
  29. 29. Kim, B. (1997). Career decision level and career preparation behavior of the college students. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. 
  30. 30. Kim, H. (2005). The relationship between parental attitude, self-esteem, and career decision in high school students. Secondary Education Research, 53(3), 63-88. 
  31. 31. Kim, J. (2000). A study of relationship of university students' differentiation of self and career decision level. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Myongji University, Seoul, Korea. 
  32. 32. Kim, J. (2012). A study on the relationship of parenting styles with self-differentiation and self-esteem perceived by college students : Focused on Christian and non-Christian college students. Unpublished master's thesis. Soongsil University, Seoul, Korea. 
  33. 33. Kim, J., & Jung, J. (2012). The mediating effect of career decision-making self-efficacy in the relationship between parent-adolescent bonding relationship and career preparation behavior. Journal of Future Oriented Youth Research, 9(4), 31-50. 
  34. 34. Kim, K. (2006). A study on the relationships among parental rearing attitudes, career decision-making styles, and career decision-making level perceived by high school students. Unpublished master's thesis. Konkuk University, Seoul, Korea. 
  35. 35. Kim, K. (2009). The mediating effects of self-encouragement on the relationship of between parent attachment and career decision making efficacy. Korea Journal of Counseling, 10(2), 933-945. 
  36. 36. Kim, K., & Kim, S. (1996). Relationship among parental rearing attitude, adolescent temperament, and self-differentiation. Sookmyung Women's University Journal of Human Ecology, 11(1), 237-257. 
  37. 37. Kim, M., & Kim, B. (2007). The effect of anxiety and career decision-making self-efficacy on career decision level. The Journal of Career Education Research, 20(1), 13-25. 
  38. 38. Kim, M. (2002). The relationship among family system type, self-differentiation, and career decision-making level. Unpublished master's thesis. Hong-Ik University, Seoul, Korea. 
  39. 39. Kim, N., & Lee, K. (2012). The relationship between social comparison orientation and career indecision: Testing the mediating effects of self-esteem and fear of negative evaluation. The Korean Journal of School Psychology, 9(2), 175-191. 
  40. 40. Kim, S. (1996). Relationship among parental rearing attitude, adolescent temperament, and self-differentiation. Unpublished master's thesis. Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul, Korea. 
  41. 41. Kim, S., Song, S., & Lee, J. (2012). The relationship between participation motive and satisfaction in sports program: Verification of mediation effect using bootstrapping method. Korean Journal of Sociology of Sport, 25(2), 49-65. 
  42. 42. Kim, U., & Cheon, S. (2001). Mediated by ego-identity status: The effect of conflictual independence from parents and parental attachment on the college students' career decision status. The Korean Journal of East West Mind Science, 4(1), 147-162. 
  43. 43. Koh, H. (1992). A study on the effect of career counseling on Korean college students' decision making styles and on career decision making status. Unpublished master's thesis. Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul, Korea. 
  44. 44. Koh, M., & Park, J. (2008). An analysis of the relationships of career search behavior, career decisionmaking, and levels of ego-identity and self-esteem of university students. The Journal of Career Education Research, 21(3), 69-85. 
  45. 45. Lamb, M. E. (1975). Fathers: Forgotten contributor to child development. Human Development, 18, 245-266. 
  46. 46. Lee, E. (2001). A study on the level of self-division an parents' nursing attitudes perceived by young people. Unpublished master's thesis. Dong-A University, Busan, Korea. 
  47. 47. Lee, E., & Lee, S. (2009). The relation between parental attachment and career maturity: Career decisionmaking self-efficacy as mediator. The Korean Journal of Woman Psychology, 14(4), 529-548. 
  48. 48. Lee, H., & Jo, H. (2004). Research on college students: The effect of parents' child-rearing attitude on achievement goal and career decision. Korean Journal of Counseling and Psychology, 16(1), 89-105. 
  49. 49. Lee, J. (2011). The effects on the adolescent's internet addiction and career decision-making by their parental attitude and self-control. Unpublished master's thesis. Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea. 
  50. 50. Lee, S. (2000). The relationships among ego identity, vocational identity, and career decision making status of high school students. Unpublished master's thesis. Hannam University, Daejeon, Korea. 
  51. 51. Lim, S., Lee, Y., & Eo, S. (2012). The relations of parenting attitudes to adolescents' self-directed learning ability with self-differentiation as a mediator. Journal of Future Oriented Youth Research, 9(1), 68-87. 
  52. 52. Moon, S. (2013). Structural modeling of an authoritarian parenting style and academic achievement among college Students. Journal of Korean Home Management Association, 31(6), 11-21. 
  53. 53. Nam, S., & You, Y. (2007). The effects of parenting behaviors perceived by parents and children and college students' self differentiation on their interpersonal problems. Journal of Family Relations, 12(2), 51-75. 
  54. 54. Oh, S., & Lee, J. (1982). Relationships between children's perception of parenting styles and emotional characteristics. Research Note of Korea Institute for Research in the Behavioral Sciences. Seoul: Korea Institute for Research in the Behavioral Sciences. 
  55. 55. Osipow, S. H., Carney, G. C., Winer, J., & Koschier, M. (1980). The Career Decision Scale (3rd rev.). Columbus, OH: Marsthon Consulting and Press. 
  56. 56. Papero, D. (1990). Bowen family systems theory. Boston : Allyn and Bacon. 
  57. 57. Park, E. (2008). The influence of fathering style on career search self-efficacy and attachment of university students. The Korean Journal of East West Science, 11(1), 47-64. 
  58. 58. Park, K. (2011). The influence of perceived parenting attitudes and self-differentiations on the core self-evaluations in the employees. Korean Journal of Psychology: General, 30(1), 243-264. 
  59. 59. Park, S., & Park, H. (2009). Coping as a mediator between career-related stress and career decisionmaking in college students. The Korean Journal of School Psychology, 6(1), 67-81. 
  60. 60. Parke, R. D. (1996). Fatherhood. Cambridge, MA: Havard University Press. 
  61. 61. Parker G., Tupling H., & Brown L. B. (1979). A Parental Bonding Instrument. British Journal of Psychology, 52, 1-10. 
  62. 62. Parker, G. (1979). Reported parental characteristics of agoraphobics and social phobics. British Journal of Psychiatry. 135, 555-560. 
  63. 63. Poulter, S. B. (2006). The father factor: How your father's legacy impacts your career. New York: Prometheus Books. 
  64. 64. Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2004). SPSS and AMOS procedures for estimating indirect effects in simple mediation models. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers, 36, 717-731. 
  65. 65. Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2008). Asymptotic and resampling strategies for assessing and comparing indirect effects in multiple mediator models. Behavior Research Methods, 40, 879-891. 
  66. 66. Shin, J. (2010). The influence of college students' parent support, and self-identity on career indecision. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Hong-Ik University, Seoul, Korea. 
  67. 67. Song, J. (1992). The development of the parental bonding instrument-Korean version: Evaluation of the test reliability and validity. Journal of the Korean Neuropsychiatric Association, 31(5), 979-992. 
  68. 68. Woo, Y., & Lee, K. (2007). The relation between perceived parental attitude and career attitude maturity of undergraduates: Mediated by socially prescribed perfectionism and self-presentation motivation. Korean Journal of Counseling and Psychology, 19(4), 1023-1039. 
  69. 69. Yoo, A., & Kim, Y. (2003). Theories and practice of parent education. Seoul: Dong-moon-sa. 
  70. 70. Yoo, H. (2004). The relationship between self-differentiation level of male students in middle school and parenting attitudes and parents-children communication. Unpublished master's thesis. Hoseo University, Cheonan, Korea. 
  71. 71. Yook, G. (2013). The relationship between perceived parental attitudes and career attitude maturity in female high school students: The mediating effect of self-differentiation. Unpublished master's thesis. Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea. 

이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (2)

  1. 1. 이재림, 박제인, 김혜지, 오상민, 권소영 2020. "청년의 세대관계 유형화: 세대 간 결속의 하위차원을 중심으로" Family and environment research : fer, 58(1): 43~60 
  2. 2. 김은재,, 김장회, 2018. "Mediated Effects of Career Decision Making Self-Efficacy on the Relationship between Dysfunctional Career Thoughts and Self-Differentiation of High School Students" 상담학연구 = Korean Journal of Counseling, 19(1): 177~194 

문의하기 

궁금한 사항이나 기타 의견이 있으시면 남겨주세요.

Q&A 등록

원문보기

원문 PDF 다운로드

  • ScienceON :

원문 URL 링크

원문 PDF 파일 및 링크정보가 존재하지 않을 경우 KISTI DDS 시스템에서 제공하는 원문복사서비스를 사용할 수 있습니다. (원문복사서비스 안내 바로 가기)

이 논문 조회수 및 차트

  • 상단의 제목을 클릭 시 조회수 및 차트가 조회됩니다.

DOI 인용 스타일

"" 핵심어 질의응답