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Abstract

Workers engaged in car inspection works have been exposed to many occupational hazards including noise, particulate matter, and volatile organic substances. Noise-induced hearing loss(NIHL) is one of the leading health hazards among Korean workers. The aim of this study is to evaluate the noise levels in several car inspection shops by introducing the evaluation methods of KMOEL/OSHA and ACGIH. Six sites in central area of Korea were selected to monitor the noise levels of workers by personal and area sampling methods for two consecutive days in spring, summer, fall and winter seasons. Dosimeters have been used for this noise monitoring program. Obtained noise levels by the evaluation method according to KMOEL/OSHA are the range of 50.2~88.2 dB(A), these are lower than KOEL/OSHA standards level of 90 dB(A). But highest noise by ACGIH's evaluation methodology is recorded 92.3 dB(A) and is greater than NIHL standard level of 85 dB(A). So that many workers may be exposed to the dangerous noise environment. The higher the car inspection loads daily, the higher the noise levels in the sites. Seasonal fluctuation of noise levels at the process might give monitoring results with high variations. Area noise levels showed higher than those of personal sampling, which illustrate some high noise spots in the car inspection areas.

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참고문헌 (12)

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  3. Korean Ministry of Employment and Labor, 2011, Notification No. 2011-55, Notification for Work Environment Monitoring and Evaluation of Designated Monitoring Organization. 
  4. Korean Ministry of Employment and Labor, 2012, Notification No. 2012-31, Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents. 
  5. United States Ministry of Labor, 2014, Code of Federal Regulation, Part 1910.95 Occupational Noise Exposure. 
  6. American Conference of Government Industrial Hygienists, 2014, Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents & Biological Exposure Indices of 2014. 
  7. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1998, Criteria for Recommended Standard: Occupational Noise Exposure Revised Criteria 1998. 
  8. Korean Ministry of Employment and Labor, 2014, Occupational Safety and Health Act of Korea. 
  9. Linch, A. L, Wiest, E. G. and Carter, M. D., 1970, Evaluation of Tetraalkyl Lead Exposure by Personal Monitoring Survey, American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, Vol. 31, No. 2, pp. 170-179. 
  10. Tebbens, B. D., 1973, Personal Dosimetry Versus Environmental Monitoring, Journal of Occupational Medicine, Vol. 15, No. 8, pp. 639-641. 
  11. Leidel, N. A., Busch, K. A. and Lynch, J. R., 1977, Occupational Exposure Sampling Strategy Manual, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. 
  12. Han, D. H., 2004, Personal Protective Equipments and Respiratory Protection Program, In Industrial Hygiene, Paik N. W. et al. Eds. pp. 618-649. 

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