본 연구에서는 제련소 주변 납 오염 현장 토양의 위해성 저감을 위한 안정화 적용 효과를 알아보고자 대표적인 상업용 안정화제를 적용 후 안정화 전후의 토양 중 납의 용출 안정성을 TCLP (Toxic Characteristic Leaching Procedure)와 SPLP (Synthetic Precipitation Leaching Procedure) 용출시험을 통해 평가하였으며, 안정화 후 토양내 납의 존재형태 변화를 연속추출(sequential extraction procedure)분석을 통하여 파악하였다. 중금속 오염 토양 안정화 성능을 보유하고 있으며 대량으로 공급이 용이한 안정화제인 석회석, AC-2 (Amron), Metafix (Peroxychem)을 후보로 선정하였다. XRD 분석 결과 AC-2는 CaCO3, MgO의 결정성을 가지고 있었으며, Metafix는 Fe7S8의 결정성을 보유하는 것으로 확인되었다. 안정화 후 토양의 SPLP 용출 시험에서는 대부분의 모든 안정화제 적용 조건에서 국내 환경부 먹는물 기준을 만족하였으며 TCLP 용출시험결과에서는 77.0%의 높은 안정화 효율을 보여주었다. AC-24%와 Metafix 4% 적용에서 SPLP 용출액 중 납의 농도를 검출 한계치 이하로 저감되었으며 TCLP 기준 안정화 효율이 90% 이상인 것으로 확인되었다. 연속추출 결과 Metafix 적용 토양은 이동성이 높은 1, 2단계의 분획 비율이 감소하고 가장 안정한 5단계의 분획 비율이 증가되는 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구의 결과를 종합하였을 때 안정화 효과가 높은 순서는 Metafix>AC-2>석회석인 것으로 판단된다.
In this study, to investigate the effect of stabilization of Pb-contaminated soil near a smelter site for the reduction of environmental risk of Pb leaching, commercial stabilizers were amended with the Pb-contaminated soil and evaluated leaching characteristics of Pb in soil by TCLP and SPLP leaching test. Also, performing sequential extraction procedure speciation of Pb in the amended soil was investigated. Limestone, AC-2 (Amron), Metafix (Peroxychem) that possess stabilization performance towards heavy metal in soil and mass production is available were selected as candidates. AC-2 contained a CaCO3 and MgO crystalline phase, while Metafix had a Fe7S8 crystalline phase, according to XRD studies. Pb content in SPLP extract was lower than the South Korean drinking water standard for Pb in groundwater at 4% AC-2 and Metafix treatment soil, and TCLP-based stabilization effectiveness was more than 90%. The findings of the sequential extraction method of soil treated with Metafix revealed that fractions 1 and 2 of Pb, which correspond to relatively high mobility and bioavailable fractions, were lowered, while the residual fraction (fraction 5) was raised. As a consequence, the order of performance for Pb stabilization in polluted soil was Metafix>AC-2>limestone.
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