The present study was planned to investigate the relationship between the magnitude of intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction after short-duration exercise and the intensity, duration and quantity of exercise in healthy subjects. Twenty-five healthy, sedentary male of the same age group, performed exercises at the levels of 80%, 60%, and 40% maximum heart rate (HRmax) for 15 minutes, 80% HRmax for 7.5 minutes, 60% HRmax for 10 minutes, and 40% HRmax for 30 minutes. IOP was measured with the Goldmann applanation tonometer. The IOP reduction at 5 minutes after 15 minutes of exercising at 80% HRmax, 60% HRmax, and 40% HRmax were 4.7 +/- 0.9, 3.5 +/- 0.7, and 0.9 +/- 0.4 mmHg, respectively. At five minutes, after exercising 7.5 minutes at 80% HRmax, 10 minutes at 60% HRmax, and 30 minutes at 40% HRmax, IOP reduced by 4.5 +/- 0.7, 3.3 +/- 0.9, and 2.9 +/- 1.1 mmHg, respectively. This study concludes that intensity of exercise seems responsible for the magnitude of the initial IOP decrease after short-term exercise. Furthermore, it seems that other factors such as duration of exercise or quantity of exercise, blood pressures, body mass index are not related to the amount of the initial fall in IOP.
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