We investigated pseudophakic residual astigmatism in order to minimize postoperative refractive astigmatism. We examined 110 eyes of 87 patients who had undergone phacoemulsification with small incision and posterior chamber intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. Corneal astigmatism was measured using an autokeratometer (RK-5, canon), refractive astigmatism by manifest refraction, and residual astigmatism by vector analysis. Mean pseudophakic residual astigmatism was +0.47 x 176 degrees, predominantly against-the-rule. Variations of pseudophakic residual astigmatism according to sex, age and IOL type were not statistically significant. When performing cataract surgery as refractive surgery, we may consider that pseudophakic residual astigmatism is approximately 0.50D against-the-rule.
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