Pseudolaric acid B was isolated from Pseudolarix kaempferi Gordon (Pinaceae) and was evaluated for the anti-cancer effect in HeLa cells. We ob-served that pseudolaric acid B inhibited cell proliferation and induced apoptosis in a time- and dose-dependent manner. HeLa cells treated with pseudolaric acid B showed typical characteristics of apoptosis including the morphological changes and DNA fragmentation. JNK inhibitor, SP600125,markedly inhibited pseudolaric acid B-induced celldeath. In addition, Bcl-2 expression was down-regulated while Bax protein level was up-regulated.Caspase-3 inhibitor, z-DEVD-fmk, partially blocked pseudolaric acid B-induced cell death, and the expression of two classical caspase substrates,PARP and ICAD, were both decreased in a time-dependent manner, indicative of downstream cas-pase activation.
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