Recently, the detection of early gastric cancer (EGC) has increased because of the development of diagnostic techniques. Accordingly, new surgical procedures with minimal invasiveness including laparoscopic gastrectomy have been developed. Since the first laparoscopic-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) for EGC was performed, various new laparoscopic procedures, such as laparoscopic wedge resection (LWR) and intragastric mucosal resection (IGMR) have been developed for the treatment of EGC. Laparoscopic approaches to gastric cancer provide for minimal invasion, early recovery and decreased morbidity and mortality according to several short-term results. In the future, laparoscopic procedures for gastric cancer will be widely accepted in Korea, if the advantages of laparoscopic approaches are confirmed in randomized controlled trials of long-term outcomes.
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