Abstract The quality of ceramics parts made by powder injection molding (PIM) method is influenced by a range of factors such as powder and binder characteristics, rheological behavior of feedstock, molding parameters and debinding and sintering conditions. In this study, to optimize the molding parameters, the effect of injection temperature and pressure on the properties of alumina ceramics in the LPIM process were thoroughly studied. Experimental tests were conducted on alumina feedstock with 60vol% powder. Injection molding was carried out at temperatures and pressures of 70–100°C and 0.1–0.6MPa respectively. Results showed that increase in injection temperature and pressure and the resulting increase in flow rate leads to the formation of void which impairs the properties of molded parts. The SEM studies showed that injection at temperature of 100°C results in evaporation of binder components. From the processing point of view, the temperature of 80°C and pressure of 0.6MPa seems to be the most suitable condition for injection molding. In addition, the effects of sintering conditions (temperature and time) on the microstructure and mechanical properties are discussed. The best final properties were found using injection molding under the above stated conditions, thermal debinding and sintering at 1700°C during 3h.
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