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특허 상세정보

Composite propellants with a cellulose acetate binder

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C06B-045/10   
미국특허분류(USC) 149/197 ; 149/192 ; 149/20 ; 149/83
출원번호 US-0373118 (1973-06-25)
우선권정보 FR-0024226 (1972-07-05)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 32  인용 특허 : 0

A composite propellant comprises, by weight: A. FROM 78 TO 92% OF AN OXIDIZING AGENT WHICH IS AT LEAST ONE OF ALKALI METAL, ALKALINE EARTH METAL AND AMMONIUM CHLORATES AND PERCHLORATES, B. FROM 7.9 TO 17.2% OF AN ORGANIC BINDER WHICH CONTAINS OXYGEN BUT NOT NITROGEN, AND C. FROM 0.1 TO 0.8% OF A CARBON-CONTAINING COMBUSTION REGULATOR. This composite propellant is useful as a gas generator for inflatable cushion protection devices because the gaseous combustion products are substantially free from toxic gases.


A composite propellant, which consists essentially of, by weight: a. about 80 to about 92 parts of potassium perchlorate, b. about 8.5 to about 17 parts of cellulose triacetate, c. about 0.15 to about 0.5 parts of acetylene black, d. about 0.5 to about 2 parts of aluminium powder, and e. about 1 to about 3 parts of a plasticiser, the ingredients being in such amounts that said propellant produces combustion gases free of nitrogen oxides and containing less than 0.05% of carbon monoxide.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 32

  1. Garner ; Eugene F. ; Hamilton ; Brian K.. Chlorite containing pyrotechnic composition and method of inflating an inflatable automobile safety restraint. USP1978124128996.
  2. Baker, James J.. Delay element and ignition composition. USP2005016841015.
  3. Nielson Daniel B. ; Lund Gary K. ; Blau Reed J.. Flares having igniters formed from extrudable igniter compositions. USP2001016170399.
  4. Williams, Graylon K.; Burns, Sean P.; Khandhadia, Paresh S.. Gas generant compositions containing a silicone coating. USP2003096620266.
  5. Williams,Graylon K.; Burns,Sean P.. Gas generants containing silicone fuels. USP2006087094296.
  6. Wheatley Brian K.. Gas generating composition with exploded aluminum powder. USP1999085936195.
  7. Knowlton, Gregory D.; Ludwig, Christopher P.; Haun, Daniel V.. Gas generating compositions. USP2005036860951.
  8. Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Lund, Gary K.. Gas generating compositions having glass fibers. USP2014088808476.
  9. Moquin, Larry A.; Stevens, Bruce A.; Dunham, Steven M.; Blackburn, Jeffery S.; Burns, Sean P.; Williams, Graylon K.. Gas generator and method of assembly. USP2004096789485.
  10. Wu, Jianzhou. Gas generator composition. USP2003096623574.
  11. Wu, Jianzhou. Gas generator composition and molding thereof. USP2003016505562.
  12. Charrette, Dimitri; Chounet, Georges. Gas-generating pyrotechnic compositions with a binder and continuous manufacturing process. USP2004116824626.
  13. Cox, Matthew A.; Smith, Bradley W.; Russell, K. Doyle; Jones, Michael. Generant grain assembly formed of multiple symmetric pieces. USP2015069051223.
  14. Lund, Gary K.; Bradford, Roger. High performance gas generating compositions. USP2014088815029.
  15. Garner Eugene F. (Canyon County CA) Hamilton Brian K. (Canyon County CA). Ignition enhancer coating compositions for azide propellant. USP1981014244758.
  16. Hinshaw Jerald C. ; Doll Daniel W. ; Blau Reed J. ; Lund Gary K.. Metal complexes for use as gas generants. USP1998035725699.
  17. Hinshaw, Jerald C.; Doll, Daniel W.; Blau, Reed J.; Lund, Gary K.. Metal complexes for use as gas generants. USP2005116969435.
  18. Hinshaw, Jerald C.; Doll, Daniel W.; Blau, Reed J.; Lund, Gary K.. Metal complexes for use as gas generants. USP2015129199886.
  19. Jerald C. Hinshaw ; Daniel W. Doll ; Reed J. Blau ; Gary K. Lund. Metal hydrazine complexes for use as gas generants. USP2002116481746.
  20. Brisighella, Dario; Hussey, Brett. Methods of forming a multi-composition pyrotechnic grain. USP2011118057612.
  21. Bradford, Roger; Cronin, Thomas; Mendenhall, Ivan; Hussey, Brett. Methods of manufacturing monolithic generant grains. USP2015119193639.
  22. Ady Michael S. (506 - 11011 - 86 Ave. Edmonton ; Alberta CAX T6G 0X1) Lufkin Roger F. (504 - 9809 - 110 St. Edmonton ; Alberta CAX T5K 1J1) Lynch Kevin L. (12015 - 133 Ave. Edmonton ; Alberta CAX T5E. Model rocket propulsion system. USP1982104355577.
  23. Hussey, Brett; Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Bradford, Roger. Monolithic gas generant grains. USP2011118057610.
  24. Hussey, Brett; Mendenhall, Ivan; Bradford, Roger. Monolithic gas generant grains. USP2010077758709.
  25. Brisighella, Dario; Hussey, Brett. Multi-composition pyrotechnic grain. USP2011118057611.
  26. Austruy Herve (Saint Medard en Jalles FRX) Grignon Jean (Pessac FRX) Tauzia Jean-Michel (Caychac FRX). Process for continuous manufacture of pyrotechnic charges containing a silicone binder and compositions capable of being. USP1997035610444.
  27. Garner Eugene F. (Canyon Country CA) Seldner Alvin A. (Saugus CA). Pyrotechnic coating composition. USP1981014246051.
  28. Garner Eugene F. (Canyon County CA). Pyrotechnic composition and method of inflating an inflatable automobile safety restraint. USP1979054152891.
  29. Hamilton Brian K. (Canyon Country CA) Garner Eugene F. (Canyon Country CA) Jackson Charles (Newhall CA). Pyrotechnic composition and method of inflating an inflatable device. USP1980074214438.
  30. Fonblanc, Gilles. Pyrotechnic compositions generating non-toxic gases based on ammonium perchlorate. USP2003036533878.
  31. Huskins Chester W. (Huntsville AL) Williams Leroy J. (Huntsville AL). Silane ballistic modifier containing propellant. USP1983114412874.
  32. Nielson Daniel B. ; Lund Gary K. ; Blau Reed J.. Supplemental-restraint-system gas generating device with water-soluble polymeric binder. USP2001056224099.