|국가/구분||United States(US) Patent 등록|
|미국특허분류(USC)||62/64 ; 62/373 ; 137/393 ; 137/409|
|발명자 / 주소|
|출원인 / 주소|
|인용정보||피인용 횟수 : 5 인용 특허 : 1|
To alter rapidly the temperature of fluid 3 in a closed vessel 1, a nozzle 6 is disposed above the vessel 1, and an annular cross-section jet 17 of liquid at an appropriate temperature is directed at the vessel 1 so as to form a coherent film 18 covering its entire surface. Preferably the liquid, which may conveniently be water, is supplied at a high rate under a low pressure so as to preserve lamellar flow. Advantageously the annular cross-section jet 17 is conical, being directed downwardly and inwardly. The fluid 3 in the vessel 1 can be maintained at...
A method of rapidly altering the temperature of a fluid in a closed upright glass bottle and, if desired, of maintaining the fluid at a predetermined temperature comprising the steps of providing a flow of liquid, at a temperature substantially different from the initial temperature of the fluid in the glass bottle, downwardly onto the bottle in a manner so as to form a film of said liquid which totally envelops the outer wall of the bottle, and controlling the rate and pressure of said flow in such a manner to maintain the film in a coherent form around...