Medem Harald (Krefeld DEX) Birkenstock Udo (Ratingen DEX) Schmidt Herbert (Leverkusen DEX) Lachmann Burkhard (Meerbusch DEX)
출원인 / 주소
Bayer Aktiengesellschaft (Leverkusen DEX 03)
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Supported catalysts containing palladium on a support material are improved by added bases which remain on the material. These supported catalysts are useful for hydrogenating optionally substituted phenols to give the corresponding cyclohexanols as the predominant product.
A supported catalyst useful in the hydrogenation of optionally substituted phenols to give cyclohexanols prepared by, successively: (a) impregnating an inert support material having a BET surface area less than 20 m2/g with a base until saturation is reached, (b) drying the base impregnated support
A supported catalyst useful in the hydrogenation of optionally substituted phenols to give cyclohexanols prepared by, successively: (a) impregnating an inert support material having a BET surface area less than 20 m2/g with a base until saturation is reached, (b) drying the base impregnated support material to constant weight, (c) impregnating the dried base impregnated support material with a solution of a palladium compound until saturation is reached, (d) washing the base and palladium compound impregnated support material with water until ions from the base and anions of the palladium compound can no longer be detected in the wash water, and (e) drying the washed supported catalyst and thereafter; (f) doping the supported catalyst by applying a base to the washed and dried supported catalyst in a quantity such that the supported catalyst obtained therefrom contains 0.01 to 50 g equivalents of base per gram equivalent of palladium, (g) drying the base doped supported catalyst to constant weight and (h) reducing the deposited palladium compound to the metal at any desired point in time after carrying out stage (c) and before carrying out the reaction to be catalyzed by means of the catalyst, and if carrying out this reduction after stage (f), doing so under conditions in which the base applied in stage (f) remains on the supported catalyst wherein the support material is selected from aluminum oxides, silicon dioxides, silicon dioxide/aluminum oxide mixtures, amorphous silicas, kieselguhrs, mixtures thereof optionally containing, in addition, silicon dioxides or aluminum oxides, titanium oxides, zirconium oxides, magnesium oxides, magnesium silicates, zirconium silicates, magnesium/aluminum spinels, silicon carbides, tungsten carbides, mixtures of silicon carbides with silicon dioxides or any desired mixtures of the abovementioned materials. A supported catalyst according to claim 1, wherein the support material is a2O3 and the base employed in stage (f) is barium hydroxide.
이 특허에 인용된 특허 (6)
Thelen Hermann (Krefeld-Bockum DT) Halcour Kurt (Leverkusen DT) Schwerdtel Wulf (Cologne DT) Swodenk Wolfgang (Odenthal-Globusch DT), Catalyst for the preparation of cyclohexanone from phenol and process therefor.