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특허 상세정보

Breathable fire extinguishing gas mixtures

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) H62C-001/00   
미국특허분류(USC) 169/45 ; 169/46 ; 252/605
출원번호 US-0080507 (1987-07-31)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 25  인용 특허 : 2
초록

A process for safely preventing, controlling and/or extinguishing fires in confined spaces without damage to equipment, loss of habitability for personnel, loss of consciousness for personnel or a significant impact on the mental acuity of personnel in the confined space, which comprises introducing carbon dioxide and another inert gas, e.g. nitrogen or helium, to the confined space to lower the oxygen content to a concentration in the range between 8% and 15% by volume while increasing the carbon dioxide content of the confined space to an amount in the...

대표
청구항

A method for controlling and extinguishing fires in a confined air-containing space while maintaining the confined space habitable for mammalian life, in particular, human life comprising introducing in the event of a fire into the confined space an effective amount of an extinguishing gas comprising carbon dioxide and an inert gas which is not toxic itself nor will decompose at combustion temperatures to produce toxic gases so as to lower the oxygen content of the confined space from its initial ambient concentration to an amount which does not support ...

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 25

  1. Taylor, Timothy Nathaniel. Breathable fire control system. USP2004016672397.
  2. Bennett Joseph Michael. Compact affordable inert gas fire extinguishing system. USP2000016016874.
  3. Bennett Joseph Michael. Compact affordable inert gas fire extinguishing system. USP2001076257341.
  4. Dougherty ; Jr. Alfred P. (Wilmington DE) Fernandez Richard E. (Bear DE) Moore Daniel W. (Wilmington DE). Fire extinguishing composition and process. USP1991085040609.
  5. Sampson, William P.. Fire suppression systems and methods of suppressing a fire. USP2017069682259.
  6. Sampson, William P.. Gas generator. USP2013128616128.
  7. Robbins, Steven M.; Sampson, William P.. Gas-generating devices with grain-retention structures and related methods and systems. USP2014038672348.
  8. Kotliar, Igor K.. Hypoxic aircraft fire prevention system with advanced hypoxic generator. USP2014078763712.
  9. Kotliar, Igor K.. Hypoxic fire suppression system for aerospace applications. USP2012038141649.
  10. Wagner,Ernst Werner. Inert rendering method with a nitrogen buffer. USP2007017156184.
  11. Wagner, Ernst-Werner. Inerting method for reducing the risk of fire outbreak in an enclosed space and device therefor. USP2012098256525.
  12. Cox, Matthew A.; Smith, Bradley W.; Parkinson, David W.. Inflator-based fire suppression. USP2015018939225.
  13. Sampson, William P.. Liquid-augmented, generated-gas fire suppression systems and related methods. USP2015038967284.
  14. Blau, Reed J.; Rozanski, James D.; Truitt, Richard M.; Lund, Gary K.; Sampson, William P.. Man-rated fire suppression system and related methods. USP2013048408322.
  15. Blau, Reed J.; Rozanski, James D.; Truitt, Richard M.; Lund, Gary K.; Sampson, William P.. Man-rated fire suppression system and related methods. USP2018039919173.
  16. Lund, Gary K.; Rozanski, James D.. Method and apparatus for suppression of fires. USP2010127845423.
  17. Lund,Gary K.; Rozanski,James D.. Method and apparatus for suppression of fires. USP2008037337856.
  18. Sant'Angelo, Joseph G.. Portable breathable fire extinguishing liquefied gas delivery system. USP2005016840331.
  19. Lessi, Stéphane; Vandroux, Olivier. Process and installation for fighting a fire in an aircraft compartment and aircraft equipped with such an installation. USP2004056739400.
  20. Richardson, Adam Tartar; Bennett, Joseph Michael. System and method for suppressing fires. USP2012088235129.
  21. Richardson,Adam Tartar. System and method for suppressing fires. USP2006047028782.
  22. Richardson,Adam Tartar; Bennett,Joseph Michael. System and method for suppressing fires. USP2008117455120.
  23. Love, Ronald Jay. System and methods for preventing ignition and fire via a maintained hypoxic environment. USP2009097594545.
  24. Sant'Angelo,Joseph Germano. System for delivery of breathable fire extinguishing gas. USP2006107124833.
  25. Lewis, Wallace J.; Tumlinson, James H.; Olson, Dawn M.; Rains, Glen C.; Takasu, Keiji; Meiners, Torsten; Kerguelen, Veronique; Waeckers, Felix; Bonifay, Claire. Utilization of invertebrate learning for flexible and sensitive monitoring and identification of chemicals. USP2005076919202.