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특허 상세정보

Preparation and combustion of fuel oil emulsions

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C10L-001/32   
미국특허분류(USC) 44/301 ; 44/442 ; 431/4
출원번호 US-0224421 (1988-07-26)
우선권정보 GB-0017836 (1987-07-28)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 37  인용 특허 : 6
초록

Apparatus for the preparation of emulsions of oil in water comprises: (a) an oil feed line, (b) a source of concentrated surfactant solution, (c) a source of water, (d) a first low shear mixer for mixing concentrated surfactant and water to form a dilute surfactant solution, (e) means for uniting the flows of dilute surfactant solution and oil in a controlled manner, (f) a second low shear mixer for mixing the united flow streams of oil and dilute surfactant solution to form an emulsion of oil in water, (g) a third low shear mixer for mixing the emulsion...

대표
청구항

A method for the preparation of an emulsion of an oil in water which method comprises the steps of: (i) mixing concentrated surfactant with water in a first low shear mixer to form a dilute surfactant solution, (ii) uniting a flow of oil having a viscosity in the range of 25 to 250,000 mPa\s at the mixing temperature with the flow of dilute surfactant solution in a controlled manner such that a core of surfactant solution flows within an annulus of the oil, the combined flow containing 60 to 98% by volume of oil, (iii) passing the united flow of oil and ...

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 37

  1. Filippini, Brian B.; Forsberg, John W.; Steckel, Thomas F.; Moreton, David J.; McAtee, Rodney J.. Amino alkylphenol emulsifiers for an aqueous hydrocarbon fuel. USP2005076913630.
  2. Gunnerman Rudolf W.. Aqueous emulsion fuels from petroleum residuum-based fuel oils. USP2001026187063.
  3. Harakas, George N.; Eaton, Scott J.; Kimball, Richard W.; Braley, Brandon G.; Ring, Robert C.. Biodiesel glycerol emulsion fuel mixtures. USP2018059976096.
  4. Harakas, George N.; Eaton, Scott J.; Kimball, Richard W.; Braley, Brandon G.; Ring, Robert C.. Biodiesel glycerol emulsion fuel mixtures. USP2016049303228.
  5. Kresnyak, Steve; Bunio, Gary. Carbon dioxide enriched flue gas injection for hydrocarbon recovery. USP2010087770640.
  6. Olstowski,Franek. Combustion apparatus and methods for making and using same. USP2008087407381.
  7. Ahern Brian S. ; Clark ; Jr. Harry R. ; Johnson Keith H.. Combustion of nanopartitioned fuel. USP1999115992354.
  8. Ahern Brian S. ; Clark ; Jr. Harry R. ; Johnson Keith H.. Combustion of nanopartitioned fuel. USP2001056235067.
  9. Langer, Deborah A.; Mullay, John J.; Fakult, Jennifer N.; Daves, Harshida C.; Skoch, William E.; Westfall, David L.. Concentrated emulsion for making an aqueous hydrocarbon fuel. USP2003116652607.
  10. Minamidate Makoto,JPX. Condensed emulsion fuel material and emulsion fuel. USP1999035885310.
  11. Langer, Deborah A.; Westfall, David L.; Skoch, William E.; Mullay, John J.. Continuous process for making an aqueous hydrocarbon fuel. USP2003036530964.
  12. Westfall, David L.; Mullay, John J.; Rowan, Stephen P.. Continuous process for making an aqueous hydrocarbon fuel emulsions. USP2004126827749.
  13. Haupais Alain,FRX ; Schulz Philippe,FRX ; Brochette Pascal,FRX. Emulsified fuel and one method for preparing same. USP2000056068670.
  14. Langer,Deborah A.; Bardasz,Ewa A.; Abraham,William D.. Emulsified fuels and engine oil synergy. USP2008087413583.
  15. Daly Daniel T. ; Mullay John J. ; Schiferl Elizabeth A. ; Langer Deborah A. ; Westfall David L. ; Dave Harshida ; Filippini Brian B. ; Abraham William D.. Emulsified water-blended fuel compositions. USP2001086280485.
  16. Daly, Daniel T.; Mullay, John J.; Schiferl, Elizabeth A.. Emulsified water-blended fuel compositions. USP2005026858046.
  17. Daly, Daniel T.; Mullay, John J.; Schiferl, Elizabeth A.. Emulsified water-blended fuel compositions. USP2003116648929.
  18. Claire L. Thompson GB; Douglas M. Barr GB. Emulsifier for an acqueous hydrocarbon fuel. USP2002076419714.
  19. Legkow Alexander,VEX. Emulsion for heavy oil dilution and method of using same. USP1999075928495.
  20. Hotto, Robert. Enhanced efficiency turbine. USP2015069059440.
  21. Hotto, Robert. Enhanced efficiency turbine. USP2010107818969.
  22. Peter-Hoblyn Jeremy D.,GB3 ; Valentine James M. ; Dubin Leonard. Enhanced lubricity diesel fuel emulsions for reduction of nitrogen oxides. USP1998045743922.
  23. Kresnyak,Steve; Bunio,Gary. Flue gas injection for heavy oil recovery. USP2008037341102.
  24. Logaraj Sundaram ; Ernzen Thomas J. ; Ng Antonio Chan ; Stroder Mark Aldrich ; DeCanio Stephen J. ; McKeon Ronald J. ; Shirodkar Shailaja M.. Fuel comprising a petroleum hydrocarbon in water colloidal dispersion. USP2000096113659.
  25. Cemenska Richard A. ; Coleman Gerald N. ; Cortes Carlos H. ; Jakush Ed ; Scheuermann Ted. W.. Fuel emulsion blending system. USP1999025873916.
  26. Richard A. Cemenska ; Gerald N. Coleman ; Ted W. Scheuermann. Fuel emulsion blending system. USP2002096447556.
  27. Dessauer Guido,DEX ; Horn Ute,DEX ; Berenbold Helmut,DEX ; Crass Gerhard,DEX. Fuel/water emulsions. USP2001086280486.
  28. Eaton, Scott; Harakas, George. Glycerol containing fuel mixture for direct injection engines. USP2016089410102.
  29. Eaton, Scott; Harakas, George. Glycerol containing fuel mixture for direct injection engines. USP2014038679202.
  30. Kresnyak,Steve; Warchol,Edward. Method for converting heavy oil residuum to a useful fuel. USP2007107279017.
  31. Magnin, Cesar; Prudhomme, Jean-Bernard; Schulz, Philippe. Method for preparing an emulsified fuel and implementing device. USP2003076589301.
  32. Park, Kil-Won. Method of burning emulsion fuel oil. USP2004036702568.
  33. Logaraj Sundaram ; Ernzen Thomas J. ; Lin Moon-Sun,TWX ; Ng Antonio C. ; Hays Todd Lesley ; Stegemoeller Calvin Lynn ; Feng Li ; Stroder Mark Aldrich. Petroleum hydrocarbon in water colloidal dispersion. USP2001026194472.
  34. Deborah A. Langer ; David L. Westfall ; Morris E. Smith ; Robert T. Graf ; Harshida Dave ; John J. Mullay ; Daniel T. Daly ; Elizabeth A. Schiferl. Process and apparatus for making aqueous hydrocarbon fuel compositions, and aqueous hydrocarbon fuel composition. USP2002046368366.
  35. Deborah A. Langer ; David L. Westfall ; Morris E. Smith ; Robert T. Graf ; Harshida Dave ; John J. Mullay ; Daniel T. Daly ; Elizabeth A. Schiferl ; Brian B. Filippini ; William D. Abraham. Process and apparatus for making aqueous hydrocarbon fuel compositions, and aqueous hydrocarbon fuel composition. USP2002046368367.
  36. Deborah A. Langer ; David L. Westfall ; Morris E. Smith ; Robert T. Graf ; Harshida Dave ; John J. Mullay ; Daniel T. Daly ; Elizabeth A. Schiferl ; Brian B. Filippini ; William D. Abraham . Process and apparatus for making aqueous hydrocarbon fuel compositions, and aqueous hydrocarbon fuel compositions. USP2002056383237.
  37. Peter-Hoblyn Jeremy D. (Bodwin GB3) Valentine James M. (Fairfield CT). Reduction of nitrogen oxides emissions from vehicular diesel engines. USP1996125584894.