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Metal complexes for use as gas generants

IPC분류정보
국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판)
  • C06D-005/00
출원번호 US-0599634 (1996-02-09)
발명자 / 주소
  • Hinshaw Jerald C. (Farr West UT) Doll Daniel W. (North Ogden UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT) Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT)
출원인 / 주소
  • Thiokol Corporation (Ogden UT 02)
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 29  인용 특허 : 102

초록

Gas generating compositions and methods for their use are provided. Metal complexes are used as gas generating compositions. These complexes are comprised of a cationic metal template, sufficient oxidizing anion to balance the charge of the complex, and a neutral ligand containing hydrogen and nitro

대표청구항

A method for inflating an inflatable air bag which comprises the steps of: generating substantially non-toxic gas consisting essentially of nitrogen gas and water vapor by combusting an at least essentially azide-free composition adapted for generating gas for use in inflating an air bag which compr

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (102)

  1. Hayashi Minoru (Shirakawa JPX) Matsufuji Mitoshi (Shirakawa JPX) Takahashi Sakae (Shirakawa JPX) Kamiji Koichi (Wako JPX) Kobari Kouichi (Shirakawa JPX) Kishimoto Junichi (Shirakawa JPX) Shioda Michi, Air bag inflation gas generator.
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  3. Franz Gerhard (Toms River NJ), Aluminum and magnesium perchlorate-hydrazine complexes.
  4. Jasken Michael J. (Chandler AZ) Emery Jerome W. (Tempe AZ), Auto ignition package for an air bag inflator.
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  7. Gruner ; Hans ; Schrewe ; Hans ; Keuper ; Erich ; Pleschhutschnigg ; Fri tz-Peter, Casting powder.
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  12. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA) Wilson Michael A. (Bothell WA), Composition and process for inflating a safety crash bag.
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  19. Norton Peter (1 S. Lakeside Lake Hopatcong NJ 07849), Crash sensor with snap disk release mechanism for stabbing primer.
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  25. Nakagawa ; Hiroshi, Exothermic metallic composition.
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  28. Wardle Robert B. (Logan UT) Edwards W. Wayne (Tremonton UT), Gas generant compositions containing salts of 5-nitrobarbituric acid, salts of nitroorotic acid, or 5-nitrouracil.
  29. Schneiter, Fred E.; McDonald, Allan J., Gas generant for air bag inflators.
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  34. Camp Albert T. (Welcome MD), Gas generating composition.
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  37. Wardle Robert B. (Logan UT) Hinshaw Jerald C. (Ogden UT) Hajik Robert M. (Willard UT), Gas generating compositions containing nitrotriazalone.
  38. Goetz George W. (Detroit MI) Hamilton Brian K. (Littleton CO), Gas generating material.
  39. Goetz George W. (Rochester Hills MI) Hamilton Brian K. (Littleton CO), Gas generating material.
  40. Hamilton Brian K. (Littleton CO), Gas generating material.
  41. Marlow Darrell W. (Herrin IL) Freeman Brady L. (Carterville IL), Gas generator.
  42. Olsson Jan (Partille SEX) Skotte Lars-Gunnar (Gteborg SEX), Gas generator.
  43. Biddle Richard A. (Newark DE) Vriesen Calvin W. (Newark DE) Sutton Ernest S. (Landenberg PA), Gas generator composition for producing cool effluent gases with reduced hydrogen cyanide content.
  44. Bender Richard (Lauf DEX) Scheiderer Gerrit (Furth DEX), Gas generator for air bag.
  45. Unterforsthuber Karl (Oberhaching DEX) Koenig Rudolf (Bruckmuehl DEX), Gas generator for inflating an inflatable article.
  46. Biddle Richard A. (Newark DE) Vriesen Calvin W. (Newark DE) Sutton Ernest S. (Landenberg PA), Gas generator method for producing cool effluent gases with reduced hydrogen cyanide content.
  47. Kishi Kazuo (Himeji JA) Naganuma Kazuo (Himeji JA), Gas-generating agent for air bag.
  48. Kazumi Takashi (Fukushima JPX) Yano Chitoshi (Fukushima JPX) Hayashi Minoru (Fukushima JPX), Gas-generating composition.
  49. Zeuner Siegfried (Munich DEX) Holzinger Walter (Deisenhofen DEX), Gas-generating composition.
  50. Zeuner Siegfried (Munich DEX) Holzinger Walter (Deisenhofen DEX), Gas-generating composition.
  51. Halcomb Danny L. (Camden OH) Mohler Jonathan H. (Spring Valley OH), High- and low-temperature-stable thermite composition for producing high-pressure, high-velocity gases.
  52. Rucker Klaus G. (Kinnelon NJ), High-temperature-stable ignition powder.
  53. Bement Laurence J. (Newport News VA) Bailey James W. (Tabb VA) Schimmel Morry L. (St. Louis MO), Ignitability test method and apparatus.
  54. Lenzen Reiner (Almont MI), Igniter for airbag propellant grains.
  55. Garner Eugene F. (Canyon County CA) Hamilton Brian K. (Canyon County CA), Ignition enhancer coating compositions for azide propellant.
  56. Swann Timothy A. (Mesa AZ) Skouson John D. (Mesa AZ), Ignition material packet assembly.
  57. Adams Gary V. (Perry UT) Dahle David P. (Logan UT) Kirchoff George (Brigham City UT), Inflator and remote sensor with through bulkhead initiator.
  58. VanVoorhies Kurt L. (Morgantown WV) Mecsey Donald J. (Sterling Heights MI), Inflator module.
  59. Adams, Gary V.; Ahlf, Wilbur J.; Cunningham, Donald J.; Dahle, David P., Light weight welded aluminum inflator.
  60. Giovanetti Anthony J. (Lenox MA), Liquid propellant inflator for vehicle occupant restraint apparatus.
  61. Lee, Woodrow W.; Rozner, Alexander G.; Waldron, James C., Metal hydride explosive system.
  62. DiValentin Mario Angelo (Otterburn Park CA), Metal oxide/azide gas generating compositions.
  63. Knowlton Gregory D. (Chandler AZ) Pietz John F. (Mesa AZ), Method and compositions for generating nitrogen gas.
  64. Catanzarite Vincent Owen (Las Vegas NV), Method of inflating an automobile passenger restraint bag.
  65. Abegg M. Taylor (Salt Lake City UT) Peterson John A. (Brigham City UT), Microcellular composite energetic materials and method for making same.
  66. Bolieau Christopher W. (Brigham City UT), Minimum bulk, light weight welded aluminum inflator.
  67. Utracki Lechoslaw A. M. (Pierrefonds CAX), Multi-ingredient gas generators.
  68. Allard John E. (North Ogden UT) Rink Linda M. (Liberty UT), Nitrogen gas generator.
  69. Scheffe Robert S. (Alexandria VA), Occupant restraint system and composition useful therein.
  70. Cunningham Donald J. (North Ogden UT), Passenger automotive restraint generator.
  71. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA), Pelletizable propellant.
  72. Kirchoff George F. (Brigham City UT) Schneiter Fred E. (Brigham City UT), Pelletizable, rapid and cool burning solid nitrogen gas generant.
  73. Garner Eugene F. (Canyon Country CA), Polyethylene binder for pyrotechnic composition.
  74. Pietz John F. (Mesa AZ), Porous propellant grain and method of making same.
  75. Timmerman Hubert G. (Manhattan Beach CA), Preparation of gas generation grain.
  76. Ramaswamy Coodly P. (Christiana PA), Primary/detonator compositions suitable for use in aluminum cups.
  77. Ramaswamy Coodly P. (Christiana PA), Primary/detonator compositions suitable for use in copper cups.
  78. Seldner Alvin A. (Saugus CA), Process for coating pyrotechnic materials.
  79. Taylor Robert D. (Hynum UT) Smith Gary L. (Ogden UT) Olsen Ritchie (Ogden UT), Process for making an enhanced thermal and ignition stability azide gas generant.
  80. Hommel Horst (Karlsruhe DEX) Schubert Hiltmar (Walzbachtal DEX), Process for the production of particulate ammonium nitrate for solid fuels or explosives.
  81. Madden Dale A. (Fairfax County VA), Propellant compositions containing a staple metal fuel.
  82. Garner Eugene F. (Canyon Country CA) Seldner Alvin A. (Saugus CA), Pyrotechnic coating composition.
  83. Garner Eugene F. (Canyon County CA), Pyrotechnic composition and method of inflating an inflatable automobile safety restraint.
  84. Hamilton Brian K. (Canyon Country CA) Garner Eugene F. (Canyon Country CA) Jackson Charles (Newhall CA), Pyrotechnic composition and method of inflating an inflatable device.
  85. Christopher Glenn B. (Fort Worth TX), Pyrotechnic compositions for severing conduits.
  86. Hamilton Brian K. (Utica MI), Pyrotechnic formulation.
  87. Lundstrom Norman H. (Tacoma WA) Shaw Graham C. (Garland UT), Pyrotechnic non-azide gas generants based on a non-hydrogen containing tetrazole compound.
  88. Burkdoll Frank B. (Vacaville CA) Hannagan Harold W. (Napa CA), Pyrotechnic/explosive initiator.
  89. Canterberry J. B. (Taft TN) Flanigan David A. (Ogden UT), Rapid buring propellant charge for automobile air bag inflators, rocket motors, and igniters therefor.
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  91. Canterberry J. B. (Taft TN), Rapid burning propellent charge for automobile air bag inflators, rocket motors, and igniters therefor.
  92. Frantom Richard L. (67799 S. Forest Richmond MI 48062) Bishop Robert J. (8575 Springwood Way Washington MI 48094) Kremer Robert (17490 Sewel Fraser MI 48026) Ocker Klaus (16286 Erin Fraser MI 48026) , Single pyrotechnic hybrid inflator.
  93. Shaw Graham C. (Garland UT), Solid non-azide nitrogen gas generant compositions.
  94. Ramaswamy Coodly P. (Christiana PA), Stab initiator.
  95. Garner Eugene F. (Canyon Country CA), Starch as fuel in gas generating compositions.
  96. Misra Chanakya (Pittsburgh PA) Sucech Steven W. (Lake Villa IL), Steam producing process.
  97. Gupta Raj K. (Moorpark CA) Kraft Morton L. (La Palma CA) Coleman William B. (Mesa AZ), Treatment of azide containing waste.
  98. Minert Roy T. (Brigham City UT) Hansen Larry K. (Sandy UT) Kirchoff George F. (Brigham City UT) Lauritzen Donald R. (Hyrum UT), Trilevel performance gas generator.
  99. Paxton Donald B. (Brigham City UT) Lauritzen Donald R. (Hyrum UT) Anderson Scott R. (Syracuse UT), Two-stage automotive gas bag inflator using igniter material to delay second stage ignition.
  100. Granier Georges (Viry Chatillon FRX) Valliere Yves (Le Beuzit FRX), Ultrarapid gas generator with increased safety.
  101. Schneiter Fred E. (North Ogden UT), Wafer grain gas generator.
  102. Brupbacher John M. (Catonsville MD) Christodoulou Leontios (Baltimore MD) Patton James M. (Annandale VA) Bennett Russell N. (Baltimore MD) Bopp Alvin F. (Catonsville MD) Boxall Larry G. (Catonsville , Water reactive method with delayed explosion.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 (29)

  1. Barnes, Michael W.; Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Taylor, Robert D., Alkali metal perchlorate-containing gas generants.
  2. Barnes, Michael W.; Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Taylor, Robert D., Alkali metal perchlorate-containing gas generants.
  3. Barnes,Michael W.; Mendenhall,Ivan V.; Taylor,Robert D., Ammonium perchlorate-containing gas generants.
  4. Zeuner Siegfried,DEX ; Hofmann Achim,DEX ; Schropp Roland,DEX ; Rodig Karl-Heinz,DEX, Azide-free gas-producing composition.
  5. Barnes Michael W. ; Swanson Kristy Woodward ; Hock Christopher, Gas forming igniter composition for a gas generant.
  6. Wu Jianzhou,JPX ; Hirata Norimasa,JPX ; Yokoyama Takushi,JPX, Gas generant.
  7. Wu Jianzhou,JPX ; Hirata Norimasa,JPX ; Yokoyama Takushi,JPX, Gas generant.
  8. Lundstrom Norman H., Gas generant complex oxidizers.
  9. Taylor, Robert D.; Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Parkinson, David W., Gas generant compositions containing copper ethylenediamine dinitrate.
  10. Ivan V. Mendenhall ; Robert G. Smith ; Robert D. Taylor, Gas generant manufacture.
  11. Mendenhall Ivan V. ; Smith Robert G. ; Taylor Robert D., Gas generant manufacture.
  12. Lundstrom Norman H. ; Begin Laurence C., Gas generants comprising transition metal nitrite complexes.
  13. Bucerius Klaus Martin (Karlsruhe DEX) Eisenreich Norbert (Pfinztal DEX) Schmid Helmut (Karlsruhe DEX) Engel Walter (Woschbach DEX), Gas generating mixture containing copper diammine dinitrate.
  14. Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Taylor, Robert D.; Parkinson, David W.; Smith, Robert G.; Rink, Karl K., Gas generation with reduced NOx formation.
  15. Mendenhall Ivan V. ; Taylor Robert D. ; Barnes Michael W., High gas yield generant compositions.
  16. Taylor Robert D. ; Mendenhall Ivan V. ; Lund Gary K., Ignition enhanced gas generant and method.
  17. Canterberry J B ; Schlueter Samuel Steven ; Adams John Herman ; Walsh Robert Keith, Ignition enhancer composition for an airbag inflator.
  18. J B Canterberry ; Samuel Steven Schlueter ; John Herman Adams ; Robert Keith Walsh, Inflator.
  19. Hinshaw Jerald C. (Farr West UT) Doll Daniel W. (North Ogden UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT) Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT), Metal complexes for use as gas generants.
  20. Hinshaw Jerald C. ; Doll Daniel W. ; Blau Reed J. ; Lund Gary K., Metal complexes for use as gas generants.
  21. Hinshaw Jerald C. ; Doll Daniel W. ; Blau Reed J. ; Lund Gary K., Metal complexes for use as gas generants.
  22. Hinshaw, Jerald C.; Doll, Daniel W.; Blau, Reed J.; Lund, Gary K., Metal complexes for use as gas generants.
  23. Hinshaw, Jerald C.; Doll, Daniel W.; Blau, Reed J.; Lund, Gary K., Metal complexes for use as gas generants.
  24. Jerald C. Hinshaw ; Daniel W. Doll ; Reed J. Blau ; Gary K. Lund, Metal hydrazine complexes for use as gas generants.
  25. Hinshaw Jerald C. ; Doll Daniel W. ; Blau Reed J. ; Lund Gary K., Metal hydrazine complexes used as gas generants.
  26. Blau,Reed J.; Schaefer,Ruth A.; Bodily,Marlin; Chen,Gary, Moisture-resistant black powder substitute compositions.
  27. Ivan V. Mendenhall ; Robert G. Smith ; Robert D. Taylor, Phase stabilized ammonium nitrate and method of making the same.
  28. Hamilton, Brian K., Phase-stabilized ammonium nitrate.
  29. Hinshaw Jerald C. ; Doll Daniel W. ; Blau Reed J. ; Lund Gary K., Using metal complex compositions as gas generants.
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