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특허 상세정보

Gas generant compositions containing amine nitrates plus basic copper (II) nitrate and/or cobalt(III) triammine trinitra

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C06B-031/00   
미국특허분류(USC) 149/45 ; 149/36
출원번호 US-0616408 (1996-03-15)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 59  인용 특허 : 14
초록

A gas generant composition comprises between about 30 and about 85 wt. % of A) fuel, and between about 15 and about 70 wt % of B) oxidizer based on total weight of A) plus B). At least about 60 wt %, up to 100 wt % of the fuel A) comprises an nitrate salt of a polyamine of the general formula selected from the group consisting of: ZHNCONHZ, (I) [Figure] (II) ZHNCONHCONHZ, (III) wherein in formulae (I)-(III) the Zs are the same or different and are selected from H and NH2, (IV) C2-C3-alkyl diamine, and mixtures thereof. At least about 60 wt %, up to 100 w...

대표
청구항

A gas generant composition comprising between about 30 and about 85 wt. % of A) a fuel, and between about 15 and about 70 wt % of B) oxidizer based on total weight of A) plus B), at least about 60 wt %, up to 100 wt % of said fuel A) comprising an nitrate salt of a polyamine of the general formulae selected from the group consisting of: ZHNCONHZ, (I) [Figure] (II) ZHNCONHCONHZ, (III) wherein in formulae (I)-(III) the Zs are the same or different and are selected from H and NH2, balance of A) other fuel, (IV) C2-C3-alkyl diamine, and mixtures thereof, at ...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (14)

  1. Hamilton Brian (Littleton CO) Renz Robert (Mesa AZ). Automotive inflatable safety system propellant with complexing agent. USP1996085542704.
  2. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA) Kwong Patrick C. (Seattle WA). Azide-free gas generant compositions and processes. USP1995025386775.
  3. Cartwright Richard V. (Sussex NJ). Extrudable gas generating propellants, method and apparatus. USP1992065125684.
  4. Hock Christopher (Uintah UT) Jordan Michael P. (Bountiful UT) Chandler Virginia E. (Ogden UT) Taylor Robert D. (Hyrum UT) Deppert Thomas M. (Brigham City UT) Barnes Michael W. (Brigham City UT). Gas generant compositions. USP1995075431103.
  5. Mendenhall Ivan V. (Providence UT) Taylor Robert D. (Hyrum UT). Gas generant compositions containing stabilizer. USP1995125472535.
  6. Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT) Stevens Mikel R. (Fayetteville AR). Gas generant formulations containing poly(nitrito) metal complexes as oxidants and method. USP1992115160386.
  7. Highsmith Thomas K. (North Ogden UT) Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT) Hinshaw Jerald C. (Ogden UT) Doll Daniel W. (Ogden UT). Gas generating compositions based on salts of 5-nitraminotetrazole. USP1996055516377.
  8. Bucerius Klaus M. (Karlsruhe DEX) Schmid Helmut (Karlsruhe DEX). Gas-generating mixture. USP1996085542998.
  9. Bucerius Klaus M. (Karlsruhe DEX) Schmid Helmut (Karlsruhe DEX). Gas-generating mixture. USP1996085542999.
  10. Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT) Stevens Mikel R. (Fayetteville AR) Edwards W. Wayne (Tremonton UT) Shaw ; III Graham C. (Garland UT). Non-azide gas generant formulation, method, and apparatus. USP1993035197758.
  11. Lundstrom Norman H. (Tacoma WA) Shaw Graham C. (Garland UT). Pyrotechnic non-azide gas generants based on a non-hydrogen containing tetrazole compound. USP1983014370181.
  12. Shaw Graham C. (Garland UT). Solid non-azide nitrogen gas generant compositions. USP1983014369079.
  13. Bucerius Klaus M. (Karlsruhe) Wasmann Friedrich-Wilhelm (Pfinztal) Menke Klaus (Bruchsal DEX). Stable, nitrogen-rich composition. USP1993035198046.
  14. Hinshaw Jerald C. (Farr West UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT). Thermite compositions for use as gas generants comprising basic metal carbonates and/or basic metal nitrates. USP1995075429691.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 59

  1. Barnes, Michael W.; Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Taylor, Robert D.. Alkali metal perchlorate-containing gas generants. USP2013038388777.
  2. Barnes, Michael W.; Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Taylor, Robert D.. Alkali metal perchlorate-containing gas generants. USP2012018101033.
  3. Barnes,Michael W.; Mendenhall,Ivan V.; Taylor,Robert D.. Ammonium perchlorate-containing gas generants. USP2006127147733.
  4. Zeuner Siegfried,DEX ; Hofmann Achim,DEX ; Schropp Roland,DEX ; Rodig Karl-Heinz,DEX. Azide-free gas-producing composition. USP2000106132537.
  5. Zhou, Xingxi; Matsuoka, Kazuyuki; Wu, Jianzhou; Yamato, Yo; Takahori, Takeshi; Yamazaki, Kaoru. Basic metal nitrate, process for producing the same and gas generating agent composition. USP2013128613821.
  6. Taylor, Robert D.; Mendenhall, Ivan V.. Burn rate enhancement of basic copper nitrate-containing gas generant compositions. USP2011087998292.
  7. Mendenhall Ivan V. ; Taylor Robert D. ; Barnes Michael W. ; Parkinson David W.. Burn rate-enhanced basic copper nitrate-containing gas generant compositions and methods. USP2000116143102.
  8. Robert D. Taylor ; Ivan V. Mendenhall. Burn rate-enhanced high gas yield non-azide gas generants. USP2002056383318.
  9. Taylor Robert D. ; Mendenhall Ivan V.. Burn rate-enhanced high gas yield non-azide gas generants. USP2000086103030.
  10. Taylor Robert D. ; Mendenhall Ivan V.. Burn rate-enhanced high gas yield non-azide gas generants. USP2000076083331.
  11. Lang,Gregory J.; Staheli,William D.; Lewis,Robert E.; Taylor,Steve. Center discharge hybrid inflator device. USP2007117290797.
  12. Blomquist, Harold R.; Helmy, Abdelkader M.; Sampson, William P.; Mangum, Michael G.. Cool burning gas generating material for a vehicle occupant protection apparatus. USP2005046875295.
  13. Highsmith, Thomas K.; Blair, Michael D.; Wassom, Steven R.; Starrett, William D.; Dever, Joel. Digital solid rocket motor and gas generator. USP2004036705075.
  14. Olden, Thomas A.; Wrigglesworth, Walter. Flight vehicles including electrically-interconnective support structures and methods for the manufacture thereof. USP2014098826640.
  15. Taylor, Robert D.; Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Parkinson, David W.. Gas generant compositions containing copper ethylenediamine dinitrate. USP2003076592691.
  16. Yamato, Yo; Hirata, Norimasa; Takahori, Takeshi; Yokoyama, Takushi; Matsuda, Naoki. Gas generant for air bag. USP2003036527886.
  17. Yo Yamato JP; Norimasa Hirata JP; Takeshi Takahori JP; Takushi Yokoyama JP; Naoki Matsuda JP. Gas generant for air bag. USP2002096454887.
  18. Yo Yamato JP; Norimasa Hirata JP; Takeshi Takahori JP; Takushi Yokoyama JP; Naoki Matsuda JP. Gas generant for air bag. USP2002126497774.
  19. Ivan V. Mendenhall ; Robert G. Smith ; Robert D. Taylor. Gas generant manufacture. USP2002086436211.
  20. Mendenhall Ivan V. ; Smith Robert G. ; Taylor Robert D.. Gas generant manufacture. USP2001056224697.
  21. Wu, Jianzhou. Gas generating composition. USP2012038137771.
  22. Wu, Jianzhou. Gas generating composition. USP2005116964716.
  23. Yokoyama, Takushi; Watabiki, Mamoru; Wu, Jianzhou. Gas generating composition. USP2009117618506.
  24. Fujisaki, Yoji; Matsuda, Naoki. Gas generating composition and gas generator using the same. USP2017049624140.
  25. Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Lund, Gary K.. Gas generating compositions having glass fibers. USP2014088808476.
  26. Mendenhall,Ivan V.; Taylor,Robert D.. Gas generation with copper complexed imidazole and derivatives. USP2008127470337.
  27. Lundstrom Norman H. ; Scheffee Robert S. ; Gresco Aaron J.. Gas generative compositions. USP2000126156137.
  28. Sato, Eishi; Kubo, Dairi; Ikeda, Kenjiro. Gas-generating agent composition and gas generator employing the same. USP2005106958100.
  29. Cox, Matthew A.; Smith, Bradley W.; Russell, K. Doyle; Jones, Michael. Generant grain assembly formed of multiple symmetric pieces. USP2015069051223.
  30. Mendenhall, Ivan V.. Guanylurea nitrate in gas generation. USP2003046550808.
  31. Mendenhall Ivan V. ; Taylor Robert D. ; Barnes Michael W.. High gas yield generant compositions. USP2000106132538.
  32. Lund, Gary K.; Bradford, Roger. High performance gas generating compositions. USP2014088815029.
  33. Taylor Robert D. ; Mendenhall Ivan V. ; Lund Gary K.. Ignition enhanced gas generant and method. USP2000086096147.
  34. Young,Anthony M.; Jackson,Scott; Dinsdale,Paul. Inflator with internally mounted initiator. USP2008017316417.
  35. Knowlton, Gregory D.; Ludwig, Christopher P.; Deppert, Thomas M.; McFadden, Dan; Dupont, James; Salafia, Christian. Low solids gas generant having a low flame temperature. USP2003076589375.
  36. Hinshaw Jerald C. ; Doll Daniel W. ; Blau Reed J. ; Lund Gary K.. Metal complexes for use as gas generants. USP2001066241281.
  37. Hinshaw Jerald C. ; Doll Daniel W. ; Blau Reed J. ; Lund Gary K.. Metal complexes for use as gas generants. USP2000036039820.
  38. Hinshaw Jerald C. ; Doll Daniel W. ; Blau Reed J. ; Lund Gary K.. Metal complexes for use as gas generants. USP1998035725699.
  39. Hinshaw, Jerald C.; Doll, Daniel W.; Blau, Reed J.; Lund, Gary K.. Metal complexes for use as gas generants. USP2005116969435.
  40. Hinshaw, Jerald C.; Doll, Daniel W.; Blau, Reed J.; Lund, Gary K.. Metal complexes for use as gas generants. USP2015129199886.
  41. Nadeau, Jean-Paul; Marlin, Frédéric; Borg, Evrard. Method for delivering a liquid pressurised by the combustion gases from at least one pyrotechnic charge. USP20181210159861.
  42. Bradford, Roger; Cronin, Thomas; Mendenhall, Ivan; Hussey, Brett. Methods of manufacturing monolithic generant grains. USP2015119193639.
  43. Olden, Thomas A.; Cavalleri, Robert J.. Modular divert and attitude control system. USP2012088242422.
  44. Hussey, Brett; Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Bradford, Roger. Monolithic gas generant grains. USP2011118057610.
  45. Hussey, Brett; Mendenhall, Ivan; Bradford, Roger. Monolithic gas generant grains. USP2010077758709.
  46. Lundstrom Norman H.. Monopropellant and propellant compositions including mono and polyaminoguanidine dinitrate. USP2000046045638.
  47. Brisighella, Dario; Hussey, Brett. Multi-composition pyrotechnic grain. USP2011118057611.
  48. Cavalleri, Robert J.; Olden, Thomas A.. Pellet loaded attitude control rocket motor. USP2012038127534.
  49. Olden, Thomas A.; Cavalleri, Robert J.. Pellet-loaded multiple impulse rocket motor. USP2014038667776.
  50. Ivan V. Mendenhall ; Robert G. Smith ; Robert D. Taylor. Phase stabilized ammonium nitrate and method of making the same. USP2002046372191.
  51. Hamilton, Brian K.. Phase-stabilized ammonium nitrate. USP2005036872265.
  52. Hock Christopher. Plural stage inflator. USP2001026189924.
  53. Yamamoto, Akio; Takahori, Takeshi. Process for producing a gas generating agent. USP2010027662248.
  54. Finck Bernard,FRX ; Reynaud Jean-Paul,FRX. Pyrotechnic composition generating clean gases with low levels of nitrogen oxides, and pellets of such a composition. USP2000026024811.
  55. Fonblanc, Gilles. Pyrotechnic compositions generating non-toxic gases based on ammonium perchlorate. USP2003036533878.
  56. Marlin, Frédéric; Besombes, Stéphane. Pyrotechnic gas generator compounds. USP2016029249063.
  57. Cavalleri, Robert J.; Olden, Thomas A.. Rocket motor with pellet and bulk solid propellants. USP2010037685940.
  58. Olden, Thomas A.; Wrigglesworth, Walter. Systems and methods for composite structures with embedded interconnects. USP2014088809689.
  59. Barnes, Michael W.; Smith, Gary L.. Tablet form of gas generant. USP2003016502513.