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특허 상세정보

Infrared tracer compositions

특허상세정보
국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) F42B-004/26   
미국특허분류(USC) 102/336 ; 149/116 ; 149/191 ; 149/61
출원번호 US-0651617 (1996-05-22)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 46  인용 특허 : 16
초록

Convert infrared tracer compositions are provided. The compositions are formed using peroxide such as strontium peroxide and barium peroxide. Added to these materials is a burn rate catalyst such as boron, iron oxide, cupric oxide, manganese dioxide, carbon, silicon, graphite fibrils, amorphous silica, copper oxide, potassium dodecaborate, the dipotassium salt of bitetrazole amine, and the potassium salt of dilituric acid. The composition also includes alkali metal compounds in order to enhance the infrared emissions. The compositions are bound together ...

대표
청구항

An infrared tracer composition comprising: from about 30% to about 98% by weight of at least one peroxide; from about 1% to about 20% by weight binder; from about 0.5% to about 15% by weight burn rate catalyst; and from about 0.5% to about 55% by weight alkali metal compound, said alkali metal compound being selected from the group consisting of alkali metal perchlorates, bitetrazole amines, cyanates, sebacic acids, azides, oxalic acids, bicarbonates, 3-nitro-1,2,4,-triazol-5-ones, thiocyanates, carboxylic acids, and mixtures thereof.

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (16)

  1. Mancinelli Dennis J. (Philadelphia PA) Puchalski Walter J. (Southampton PA). Blue-burning tracer mix. USP1976043951705.
  2. Cornia Richard P. (Logan UT) Reed ; Jr. Russell (Ridgecrest CA). Compositions for producing flickering signals. USP1976103983816.
  3. Boettcher Woodrow (San Jose CA) Goldman Emanuel (San Mateo CA) Gallaghan John A. (Ben Lomond CA). Device for burning pyrotechnic mixtures in a very low pressure environment. USP1983094406228.
  4. Reed Russell (Ridgecrest CA) Shaw Graham (Garland UT) Meyer Robert (North Ogden UT). Flare composition with carboxy functional binder and polyalkylene oxide phosphate ester, and method. USP1976053954529.
  5. Obkircher Bernt (Horgenzell DEX). Flying decoy. USP1994055317163.
  6. Schneiter, Fred E.; McDonald, Allan J.. Gas generant for air bag inflators. USP1985104547235.
  7. Webster ; III Henry A. (Ellettsville IN). Green flare compositions. USP1980054204895.
  8. Dillehay David R. (Marshall TX). Illuminating flare composition containing tetranitrocarbazole. USP1976103986907.
  9. Bernardy ; Claude. Illuminating pyrotechnic composition which generates gases. USP1978034078954.
  10. Klber Martin (Nuremberg DEX). Incendiary mixture constituted of metals. USP1985044508580.
  11. Jones Leon L. (344 W. Pleasant View Ogden UT 84414) Nielson Daniel B. (407 E. 1st South Brigham City UT 84302). Infrared illuminant and pressing method. USP1991105056435.
  12. Spring David J. (Slough GB2). Pyrotechnic device. USP1988014719857.
  13. Sayles David C. (Huntsville AL). Signal or rescue flare of variable luminosity. USP1989114881464.
  14. DePhillipo Thomas E. (Somerdale NJ) Kowalick James F. (Southampton PA). Tracer ammunition. USP1985074528911.
  15. Trickel Neal E. (1911 10th St. Monroe WI 53566) Strommen Sherwood V. (P.O. Box 111 Monroe WI 53566). Tracer unit for ammunition. USP1986074597810.
  16. Winer ; Richard. Use of graphite fibers to augment propellant burning rate. USP1978024072546.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 46

  1. Mutascio, Enrico R.. Ammunition assembly with alternate load path. USP2012038136451.
  2. Mutascio, Enrico R.. Ammunition assembly with alternate load path. USP2013048430033.
  3. Ledford, Jordan T.; Laszewski, Matthew R.; Malecki, Harry C.. CNS-infused carbon nanomaterials and process therefor. USP2015049005755.
  4. Shah, Tushar K.; Morber, John J.. CNS-shielded wires. USP2015089111658.
  5. Shah, Tushar K.; Malecki, Harry C.; Adcock, Daniel Jacob. CNT-based resistive heating for deicing composite structures. USP2014038664573.
  6. Shah, Tushar K.; Malecki, Harry C.. CNT-based signature control material. USP2012128325079.
  7. Shah, Tushar K.; Alberding, Mark R.; Malecki, Harry C.. CNT-infused EMI shielding composite and coating. USP2016019241433.
  8. Shah, Tushar K.; Gardner, Slade H.; Alberding, Mark R.; Malecki, Harry C.. CNT-infused carbon fiber materials and process therefor. USP2017029574300.
  9. Shah, Tushar K.; Gardner, Slade H.; Alberding, Mark R.; Malecki, Harry C.. CNT-infused carbon fiber materials and process therefor. USP2015028951632.
  10. Shah, Tushar K.; Gardner, Slade H.; Alberding, Mark R.. CNT-infused fiber and method therefor. USP2012048158217.
  11. Shah, Tushar K.; Adcock, Daniel J.; Malecki, Harry C.. CNT-infused fiber as a self shielding wire for enhanced power transmission line. USP2015109167736.
  12. Shah, Tushar K.; Adcock, Daniel Jacob; Malecki, Harry C.. CNT-infused fiber as a self shielding wire for enhanced power transmission line. USP2015109163354.
  13. Shah, Tushar K.; Gardner, Slade H.; Alberding, Mark R.; Malecki, Harry C.. CNT-infused metal fiber materials and process therefor. USP2017029573812.
  14. Shah, Tushar K.; Gardner, Slade H.; Alberding, Mark R.; Malecki, Harry C.. CNT-infused metal fiber materials and process therefor. USP2015028951631.
  15. Shah, Tushar K.; Alberding, Mark R.; Malecki, Harry C.; Markkula, Samuel J.; Hughes, John Anthony; Kline, Shawn C.. CNT-tailored composite air-based structures. USP2014038662449.
  16. Shah, Tushar K.; Alberding, Mark R.; Malecki, Harry C.; Markkula, Samuel J.; Hughes, John Anthony; Kline, Shawn C.. CNT-tailored composite sea-based structures. USP2013128601965.
  17. Malet, Brandon K.; Shah, Tushar K.. Carbon fiber substrates having carbon nanotubes grown thereon and processes for production thereof. USP2014088815341.
  18. Shah, Tushar K.; Malecki, Harry C.; Malet, Brandon K.; Hoskins, Robert D.; Patel, Jigar M.. Carbon nanotube-infused fiber materials containing parallel-aligned carbon nanotubes, methods for production thereof, and composite materials derived therefrom. USP2015048999453.
  19. David Moy ; Chunming Niu ; Howard Tennent ; Robert Hoch. Carbon nanotubes in fuels. USP2002076419717.
  20. Shah, Tushar K.; Malecki, Harry C.; Carson, Murray N.. Ceramic composite materials containing carbon nanotube-infused fiber materials and methods for production thereof. USP2012058168291.
  21. Mutascio, Enrico R.. Combustible cartridge cased ammunition assembly. USP2012048146502.
  22. Mutascio, Enrico R.. Combustible cartridge cased ammunition assembly. USP2014088807038.
  23. Shah, Tushar K.; Pietras, Bradley W.; Adcock, Daniel Jacob; Malecki, Harry C.; Alberding, Mark R.. Composites comprising carbon nanotubes on fiber. USP2013118585934.
  24. Fleischer, Corey Adam; Hetzel, Lawrence P.; Shah, Tushar K.. Electrical devices containing carbon nanotube-infused fibers and methods for production thereof. USP2014078787001.
  25. Fleischer, Corey Adam; Hetzel, Lawrence P.; Shah, Tushar K.; Floyd, Mandel Durwood; Pensero, Greogry F.; Burgess, William Patrick; Sedlak, Joseph J.; Liu, Han. Electrical devices containing carbon nanotube-infused fibers and methods for production thereof. USP2014078780526.
  26. Alberding, Mark R.; Malecki, Harry C.; Shah, Tushar K.; Adcock, Daniel J.. Flame-resistant composite materials and articles containing carbon nanotube-infused fiber materials. USP2013108545963.
  27. Malet, Brandon K.; Shah, Tushar K.. Glass substrates having carbon nanotubes grown thereon and methods for production thereof. USP2014078784937.
  28. Doris ; Jr. Thomas A. ; Vest Kevin D.. Igniter composition. USP2000036036794.
  29. Shah, Tushar K.; Malecki, Harry C.. Incorporation of nanoparticles in composite fibers. USP2015038969225.
  30. Herbage, David W.; Neuhauser, Roy L.; Smith, Barry N.. Infrared tracer composition and tracer projectile. USP2011088007608.
  31. Henry ; III Guy H. ; Owens Michael A. ; Terry Jarrett L. ; Tucker Mark A. ; Bone Frank M.. Infrared tracer for ammunition. USP1998095811724.
  32. Malecki, Harry C.; Shah, Tushar K.. Low temperature CNT growth using gas-preheat method. USP2013118580342.
  33. Malecki, Harry C.; Shah, Tushar K.. Low temperature CNT growth using gas-preheat method. USP2013048414973.
  34. Guindon, Louise; Jalbert, Carol; Lepage, Daniel. Non-toxic boron-containing IR tracer compositions and IR tracer projectiles containing the same for generating a dim visibility IR trace. USP2011118066833.
  35. Guindon, Louise; Jalbert, Carol; Lepage, Daniel. Non-toxic heavy-metal free-zinc peroxide-containing IR tracer compositions and IR tracer projectiles containing same for generating a dim visibility IR trace. USP2011077985311.
  36. Philip L. Posson ; Albert J. Baggett, Jr.. Pyrotechnic compositions and uses therefore. USP2002086427599.
  37. Brune,Neal W.; Dawson,Andrew R.; Wessels,George H.; Ford,Kevin M.. Pyrotechnic systems and associated methods. USP2008047363861.
  38. Malecki, Harry C.; Gaigler, Randy L.; Fleischer, Corey A.; Liu, Han; Malet, Brandon K.; Markkula, Samuel J.. Resistance measurement system and method of using the same. USP2015079085464.
  39. Nugent, Jr., Thomas J; Nugent, Elizabeth; Burrows, Nicholas R; Erickson, Carsten; Bashford, David J. Retro reflective tracer ammunition, and related systems and methods. USP2017089739585.
  40. Winker, Bruce Kevin; Gregory, Brian Wesley; Mahajan, Milind. Retroreflector array and cover for optical bullet tracking. USP2018019874426.
  41. Brum, Roger D.; Smith, David H.. Silicon window infrared augmenter. USP2003066571714.
  42. Fleischer, Corey Adam; Shah, Tushar K.; Hetzel, Lawrence P.; Malecki, Harry C.. Spiral wound electrical devices containing carbon nanotube-infused electrode materials and methods and apparatuses for production thereof. USP2014038665581.
  43. Fleischer, Corey Adam. Structural energy storage assemblies and methods for production thereof. USP2015049017854.
  44. Fleischer, Corey Adam. Structural energy storage assemblies and methods for production thereof. USP2018029907174.
  45. Barney,William S.. System and method for bioaerosol discrimination by time-resolved fluorescence. USP2006067060992.
  46. Malecki, Harry C.; Alberding, Mark R.; Malet, Brandon K.; Shah, Tushar K.. System and method for surface treatment and barrier coating of fibers for in situ CNT growth. USP20181110138128.