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특허 상세정보

Eutectic mixtures of ammonium nitrate, guanidine nitrate and potassium perchlorate

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C06B-045/10   
미국특허분류(USC) 149/019.91 ; 149/036 ; 149/047 ; 60/219 ; 280/741
출원번호 US-0663012 (1996-06-07)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Lowe, Price, LeBlanc & Becker
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 18  인용 특허 : 14
초록

A eutectic solution of ammonium nitrate and either aminoguanidine nitrate (AGN) or guanidine nitrate (AN) in the form of a pressed pellet is used to generate a low particulate non-toxic, odorless and colorless gas that is useful wherever an immediate source of such gas is required, such as the inflation of an occupant restraint air bag. The use of the material in the form of a eutectic totally eliminates pellet cracking. Moreover, the addition of a minor amount of potassium perchlorate to the eutectic solution improves stability at 107.degree. for 400 ho...

대표
청구항

[ We claim:] [1.] A composition for generating a low particulate substantially non-toxic, odorless and colorless gas comprising: a eutectic solution-forming mixture of ammonium nitrate, either aminoguanidine nitrate or guanidine nitrate and a stabilizing amount of potassium perchlorate and PVA.

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (14)

  1. Sumrail Theodore S. (Huntsville AL) Graham William H. (Huntsville AL) Rector Carl M. (Elora TN) Reed Joey M. (Huntsville AL). Aluminized eutectic bonded insensitive high explosive. USP1995055411615.
  2. Poole, Donald R.. Azide-free gas generant composition with easily filterable combustion products. USP1991075035757.
  3. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA) Wilson Michael A. (Bothell WA). Composition and process for inflating a safety crash bag. USP1990084948439.
  4. Cartwright Richard V. (Sussex NJ). Extrudable gas generating propellants, method and apparatus. USP1992065125684.
  5. Hock Christopher (Uintah UT) Jordan Michael P. (Bountiful UT) Chandler Virginia E. (Ogden UT) Taylor Robert D. (Hyrum UT) Deppert Thomas M. (Brigham City UT) Barnes Michael W. (Brigham City UT). Gas generant compositions. USP1995075431103.
  6. Ochi Koji (Aichi JPX) Asano Nobukazu (Handa JPX) Matsuda Kazunori (Aichi JPX) Yanase Kiyoaki (Aichi JPX). Gas generator compositions. USP1996015482579.
  7. Ramnarace ; Jawaharlal. Gas generator propellants. USP1978094111728.
  8. Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT) Stevens Mikel R. (Fayetteville AR) Edwards W. Wayne (Tremonton UT) Shaw ; III Graham C. (Garland UT). Non-azide gas generant formulation, method, and apparatus. USP1993035197758.
  9. Zeigler Edward H. (Great Meadows NJ). Propellant composition for automotive safety applications. USP1996045507891.
  10. Forsberg John W. (Mentor OH) Jahnke Richard W. (Mentor OH) Lange Richard M. (Euclid OH) DeTar Marvin B. (Wickliffe OH). Salt compositions and concentrates for use in explosive emulsions. USP1994085336439.
  11. Chang Marguerite S. (Forest Heights MD) Highby John H. (Indian Head MD) Mackenzie Gerald L. (Port Tobacco MD). Solid gas generating and gun propellant composition containing triaminoguanidine nitrate and synthetic polymer binder. USP1976053954528.
  12. Poole Donald R. (South Colby WA) Holland Gary F. (Snohomish WA) Wolf Nicholas A. (Renton WA) Wilson Michael A. (Bothell WA). Thermally stable gas generating composition. USP1996085545272.
  13. Ludwig Christopher P. (4038 Normanwood West Bloomfield MI 48323). Vehicle airbag inflator and related method. USP1996095551725.
  14. Edamura, Kohji; Torii, Akio; Hattori, Katsuhide; Sakai, Hiroshi. Water-in-oil emulsion explosive composition. USP1985094543136.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 18

  1. Iwai, Yasunori; Nakashima, Yoshihiro; Katsuda, Nobuyuki; Yamazaki, Masayuki; Oda, Shingo. Airbag gas generator and an airbag apparatus. USP2003046540256.
  2. Iwai, Yasunori; Nakashima, Yoshihiro; Katsuda, Nobuyuki; Yamazaki, Masayuki; Oda, Shingo. Airbag gas generator and an airbag apparatus. USP2005096942249.
  3. Lundstrom Norman H.. Chlorate-free autoignition compositions and methods. USP2000116143101.
  4. Rink, Karl K.; Green, David J.; Young, Anthony M.. Elongated inflator device and method of gas production. USP2004066755438.
  5. Wheatley Brian K.. GN, AGN and KP gas generator composition. USP1999125997666.
  6. Wheatley, Brian K.; Greso, Aaron J.; Lundstrom, Norman H.. Gas generant compositions exhibiting low autoignition temperatures and methods of generating gases therefrom. USP2004016673172.
  7. Ivan V. Mendenhall ; Robert G. Smith ; Robert D. Taylor. Gas generant manufacture. USP2002086436211.
  8. Mendenhall Ivan V. ; Smith Robert G. ; Taylor Robert D.. Gas generant manufacture. USP2001056224697.
  9. Brian K. Wheatley ; James D. Martin ; Robert D. Lynch. Gas generating composition. USP2002016340401.
  10. Wheatley Brian K. ; Martin James D. ; Lynch Robert D.. Gas generating composition. USP2000106136113.
  11. Yamato, Yo; Takahori, Takeshi; Ueda, Masayuki; Oda, Shingo. Gas generating compositions for air bag. USP2003056562161.
  12. Mendenhall Ivan V. ; Taylor Robert D. ; Barnes Michael W.. High gas yield generant compositions. USP2000106132538.
  13. Wheatley Brian K.. Metal oxide containing gas generating composition. USP2001086274064.
  14. Wheatley Brian K.. Metal oxide containing gas generating composition. USP2000126156230.
  15. Ivan V. Mendenhall ; Robert G. Smith ; Robert D. Taylor. Phase stabilized ammonium nitrate and method of making the same. USP2002046372191.
  16. Hamilton, Brian K.. Phase-stabilized ammonium nitrate. USP2005036872265.
  17. Scheffee Robert S. ; Wheatley Brian K.. Preparation of eutectic mixtures of ammonium nitrate and amino guanidine nitrate. USP2000066073438.
  18. Michael J. Lanowy ; Kenneth G. Sharpe ; David A. Lussier ; Daniel M. Godfrey ; Mark A. Rodrigues ; Gary R. Berlam. Torpedo launch mechanism and method. USP2002076418870.