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특허 상세정보

Water-in-oil emulsions

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C06B-045/00   
미국특허분류(USC) 149/02 ; 149/046 ; 149/060 ; 149/077
출원번호 US-0906070 (1997-08-05)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Fischer
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 19  인용 특허 : 30
초록

This invention is directed to water-in-oil emulsions which are useful as explosives. These emulsions comprise: a discontinuous aqueous phase comprising at least one oxygen-supplying component; a continuous organic phase comprising at least one carbonaceous fuel; and a minor emulsifying amount of at least one emulsifier. The emulsifier is the product made by the reaction of component (A) with component (B), component (A) being at least one substituted succinic acylating agent, said substituted succinic acylating agent consisting of substituent groups and ...

대표
청구항

[ I claim:] [1.] A water-in-oil emulsion comprising: a discontinuous aqueous phase comprising at least one oxygen-supplying component; a continuous organic phase comprising at least one carbonaceous fuel; at least one crystal habit modifier; and a minor emulsifying amount of at least one emulsifier made by the reaction of component (A) with component (B),component (A) being at least one polyalkenyl substituted succinic acylating agent, said acylating agents being characterized by the presence within their structure of an average of at least 1.3 succinic ...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (30)

  1. Riga Alan T. (Cleveland OH) Forsberg John W. (Mentor OH). Emulsifiers and explosive emulsions containing same. USP1992075129972.
  2. Sudweeks Walter B. (Orem UT) Jessop Harvey A. (Lehi UT). Emulsion blasting composition. USP1980084216040.
  3. Cooper John (Ayrshire GB6) Baker Alan S. (Berkshire GB2). Emulsion explosive composition. USP1989044822433.
  4. Mitchell Kenneth A. W. (Cheltenham AUX). Emulsion explosive composition. USP1984054448619.
  5. Yates David E. (Melbourne AUX) Dack Stuart W. (Melbourne AUX). Emulsion explosive composition. USP1987124710248.
  6. Snare Margaret J. (Thornbury AUX) Yates David (East Brunswick AUX) Sanders Ross (Essendon AUX). Emulsion explosive composition containing a condensation product. USP1991034999062.
  7. Mullay ; John J.. Emulsion sensitized gelled explosive composition. USP1978084104092.
  8. Smith Jeremy G. B. (Edenvale ZAX). Explosive. USP1983074391659.
  9. Forsberg John W. (Mentor-on-the-Lake OH) Mullay John J. (Hazleton PA) Sohara Joseph A. (Whitehall PA). Explosive compositions. USP1990094956028.
  10. Forsberg John W. (Mentor-on-the-Lake OH) Mullay John J. (Hazleton PA) Sohara Joseph A. (Whitehall PA). Explosive compositions. USP1989064840687.
  11. Binet Rejean (St. Bruno CAX) Cloutier Joseph A. R. (Montreal CAX) Edmonds Anthony C. F. (St. Hilaire CAX) Holden Harold W. (St. Hilaire CAX) McNicol Melvin A. (Otterburn Park CAX). Explosive compositions based on time-stable colloidal dispersions. USP1982114357184.
  12. Forsberg John W. (Mentor OH). Explosive compositions using a combination of emulsifying salts. USP1989094863534.
  13. Riga Alan T. (Cleveland OH) Forsberg John W. (Mentor OH). Explosive emulsion. USP1990044919178.
  14. Fillman Harold T. (Bowie MD). Low water emulsion explosive compositions optionally containing inert salts. USP1983024371408.
  15. Mullay ; John J.. Method for gelling nitroparaffins in explosive compositions. USP1978064097316.
  16. Meinhardt Norman A. (Lyndhurst OH) Davis Kirk E. (Euclid OH). Novel carboxylic acid acylating agents, derivatives thereof, concentrate and lubricant compositions containing the same,. USP1980114234435.
  17. VanOmmeren Catharine (Tamaqua PA). Prill for emulsion explosives. USP1991075034071.
  18. Forsberg John W. (Mentor OH). Salt compositions for explosives. USP1989054828633.
  19. Mullay John J. (Hazelton PA). Solid sensitizers for water-in-oil emulsion explosives. USP1984064453989.
  20. McKenzie Lee F. (15090 Rose Canyon Rd. Riverton UT 84065). Stabilized emulsion explosive and method. USP1991125076867.
  21. Brockington James W. (Allentown PA). Transportation and placement of water-in-oil emulsion explosives and blasting agents. USP1981044259977.
  22. Roper Renee M. (Manalapan NJ) Tiffany ; III George M. (Houston TX) Stover William H. (Sarnia CAX) Thompson William R. (Sarnia CAX). Two-cycle oil additive. USP1993065221491.
  23. Machacek Oldrich (Allentown PA). Water gel explosives. USP1977024008110.
  24. Machacek Oldrich (Allentown PA). Water gel explosives. USP1976103985593.
  25. Brockington James W. (Allentown PA). Water-in-oil NCN emulsion blasting agent. USP1980084218272.
  26. Yorke William J. (St. Bruno de Montarville CAX) Binet Rejean (St. Bruno CAX) Lee Ming C. (Longueuil CAX) Bampfield Howard A. (Otterburn Park CAX). Water-in-oil emulsion blasting agents containing unrefined or partly refined petroleum product as fuel component. USP1983094404050.
  27. Takeuchi Fumio (Aichi JPX) Takahashi Masao (Aichi JPX) Hattori Katsuhide (Aichi JPX) Sakai Hiroshi (Aichi JPX). Water-in-oil emulsion explosive composition. USP1985084534809.
  28. Bhattacharyya Dhirendra N. (Maharashtra INX) Seshan Srinivasachari (Giridih INX) Campbell John S. (Maharastra INX) Sen Soumendranath (Giridin INX). Water-in-oil emulsion explosives and a method for the preparation of the same. USP1983104409044.
  29. Forsberg John W. (Mentor OH). Water-in-oil emulsions. USP1989074844756.
  30. Forsberg John W. (Mentor-on-the-Lake OH). Water-in-oil emulsions. USP1987114708753.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 19

  1. Granholm, Richard H.. Blasting method for reducing nitrogen oxide fumes. USP2003046539870.
  2. Machacek Oldrich ; Eck Gary R.. Development of new high energy blasting products using demilitarized ammonium picrate. USP2001046214140.
  3. Paul Nicolaas Venter ZA; Francois Kruger ZA. Emulsion explosive. USP2002116478904.
  4. Arthur, Jordan; Hunsaker, Scott; Lovell, Verlene; McKenzie, Lee F.. Explosive compositions and related methods. USP20181010087117.
  5. Klug, Peter; Bender, Ralf. Explosives comprising modified copolymers of polyisobutylene and maleic anhydride as emulsifiers. USP2004046719861.
  6. Klug, Peter; Bender, Ralf. Explosives comprising modified copolymers of polyisobutylene and maleic anhydride as emulsifiers. USP2003026516840.
  7. Klug, Peter; Bender, Ralf. Explosives comprising modified copolymers of polyisobutylene, vinyl esters and maleic anhydride as emulsifiers. USP2003036527885.
  8. O'Hara, Helen; Stow, David; Yates, David Edwin. Gasser composition and method of gassing. USP2011077972454.
  9. Goerz, Jr., David J.. Hybrid fuel and method of making the same. USP2016119493709.
  10. Moncrieff, Vaughn M.; Waldron, Jack L.; Grimes, Patrick; Gunnerman, Rudolf W.. Method for manufacturing an emulsified fuel. USP2012098262748.
  11. Moncrieff, Vaughn M.; Waldron, Jack L.; Grimes, Patrick; Gunnerman, Rudolf W.. Method for manufacturing an emulsified fuel. USP2014038663343.
  12. Moncrieff,Vaughn M.; Waldron,Jack L.; Grimes,Patrick; Gunnerman,Rudolf W.. Method for manufacturing an emulsified fuel. USP2008037344570.
  13. Alilovic, Ivana; Reckzin, Earl. Method of gassing emulsion explosives and explosives produced thereby. USP2005026855219.
  14. Filippini, Brian B.; Lange, Richard M.; Grisso, Bryan A.; Hird, Bryn. Partially dehydrated reaction product process for making same, and emulsion containing same. USP2004086780209.
  15. Filippini,Brian B.; Lange,Richard M.; Grisso,Bryan A.; Hird,Bryn. Partially dehydrated reaction product, process for making same, and emulsion containing same. USP2006057044988.
  16. Harrison, James J.; Ruhe, Jr., William R.. Process for making polyalkylene/maleic anhydride copolymer. USP2003096617396.
  17. James J. Harrison ; William R. Ruhe, Jr.. Process for making polyalkylene/maleic anhydride copolymer. USP2002096451920.
  18. Klug, Peter; Bender, Ralf. Terpolymers obtained by polymer-analogous reaction. USP2004036706838.
  19. Pollack, Robert A.; Mullay, John J.; Filippini, Brian B.. Water in oil explosive emulsions. USP2005106951589.