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특허 상세정보

Fuel cell or a partial oxidation reactor or a heat engine and an oxygen-enriching device and method therefor

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) B01D-050/00   
미국특허분류(USC) 422/170 ; 422/177 ; 422/187 ; 422/188 ; 422/190 ; 422/191 ; 429/017 ; 429/019 ; 429/020 ; 429/024 ; 429/026 ; 205/343 ; 205/349 ; 205/633 ; 205/634 ; 55/338 ; 55/343 ; 55/318 ; 55/385.1 ; 55/385.2 ;
출원번호 US-0896669 (1997-07-18)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Salzman & Levy
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 33  인용 특허 : 15
초록

The present invention relates to a combined cycle system of enhanced efficiency. The system comprises a top stage, such as a fuel cell, a partial oxidation reactor or a heat engine, and an oxygen-enriching device, such as a temperature swing adsorption device or a chemical reactor bed device, as its bottom stage. The bottom stage uses waste heat produced by the top stage to enrich the oxygen content of air that is inputted to the bottom stage, thereby producing an oxygen-enriched gas mixture as the bottom stage output. This output mixture constitutes a s...

대표
청구항

[ What is claimed is:] [1.] A combined cycle system, comprising:a top stage including a fuel cell that has oxygen as one of its reactants, and which produces heat as one of its reaction by-product outputs; anda bottom stage including a non-cryogenic oxygen-enriching means coupled to said top stage, said bottom stage receiving said heat by-product output of said fuel cell of said top stage, said heat by-product output being consumed by said bottom stage to produce an oxygen-enriched gas mixture output that is fed to said fuel cell of said top stage as a r...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (15)

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  7. Hildebrandt Ulrich (Pullach DEX) Schramm Walter (Munich DEX). High-temperature fuel cells with oxygen-enriched gas. USP1992125175061.
  8. Keefer Bowie G. (4324 West 11th Avenue Vancouver ; British Columbia CAX V6R 2M1). Method and apparatus for gas separation and synthesis. USP1987104702903.
  9. Hibino Kouetsu,JPX ; Tange Kyoichi,JPX. Method for producing oxygen and hydrogen. USP1998015709791.
  10. Roettger Belinda F. (Rockford IL) Reynolds Richard W. (Rockford IL) Curran Patrick D. (Rockford IL). Method of generating oxygen from an air stream. USP1992125169415.
  11. Chen Michael S. (Zionsville PA) Hegarty William P. (State College PA) Steyert ; deceased William A. (Center Valley PA) Steyer ; executrix by Lila O. (Colorado Springs CO). Oxygen recovery from turbine exhaust using solid electrolyte membrane. USP1992125174866.
  12. Jain Ravi (Piscataway NJ) LaCava Alberto (South Plainfield NJ). Purification of oxygen by cryogenic adsorption. USP1995065425240.
  13. Prasad Ravi ; Gottzmann Christian Friedrich ; Keskar Nitin Ramesh. Reactive purge for solid electrolyte membrane gas separation. USP1998115837125.
  14. McCallister Robert A. (Mountain Lakes NJ). Reformer employing finned heat pipes. USP1982024315893.
  15. Kalbassi Mohammed Ali,GB2 ; Allam Rodney John,GB2 ; Golden Timothy Christopher. Temperature swing adsorption. USP1998125846295.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 33

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  2. Dallas, Andrew J.; Gogins, Mark A.; Graham, Kristine Marie; Adamek, Daniel; Skuster, Robert. Air filter assembly for low temperature catalytic processes. USP2010077758674.
  3. Dallas,Andrew James; Gogins,Mark Alan; Graham,Kristine Marie; Adamek,Daniel; Skuster,Robert. Air filter assembly for low temperature catalytic processes. USP2006097101419.
  4. Clawson,Lawrence G.; Dorson,Matthew H.; Mitchell,William L.; Nowicki,Brian J.; Bentley,Jeffrey M.; Davis,Robert; Rumsey,Jennifer W.. Auxiliary reactor for a hydrocarbon reforming system. USP2006016986797.
  5. Keefer, Bowie G.; McLean, Christopher R.; Brown, Michael J.. Electrical current generation system. USP2005076921597.
  6. Keefer,Bowie G.; Connor,Denis J.; Hunter,Carl F.. Energy efficient gas separation for fuel cells. USP2006087087331.
  7. Keefer,Bowie G.; Babicki,Matthew L.; Kirby,Mark H.. Enhanced solid oxide fuel cell systems. USP2007107285350.
  8. Keefer, Bowie G.; Doman, David G.. Flow regulated pressure swing adsorption system. USP200404RE38493.
  9. Keefer,Bowie G.; Doman,David G.. Flow regulated pressure swing adsorption system. USP200801RE40006.
  10. Fuglevand, William A.. Fuel cell power system and method of controlling a fuel cell power system. USP2004066743536.
  11. Fuglevand,William A.. Fuel cell power system and method of controlling a fuel cell power system. USP2008027326480.
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  13. William A. Fuglevand ; Jonathan Dodge. Fuel cell power systems, direct current voltage converters, fuel cell power generation methods, power conditioning methods and direct current power conditioning methods. USP2002086428918.
  14. Duebel,Olaf; Koenig,Axel; Ekdunge,Per; Alin,Peter; Reinkingh,Jessica Grace; Mallant,Ronald. Fuel cell system and method for generating electrical energy using a fuel cell system. USP2007017160638.
  15. Keefer, Bowie G.; Babicki, Matthew L.; Boulet, Andre Jason Joseph; Pelman, Aaron M.; Sellars, Brian G.; Roy, Surajit. Gas separation by combined pressure swing and displacement purge. USP2005066902602.
  16. Keefer,Bowie G.. High temperature fuel cell power plant. USP2006087097925.
  17. Keefer,Bowie G.; Babicki,Matthew L.. Hydrogen recycle for solid oxide fuel cell. USP2008067387849.
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  22. Connor, Denis J.; Keefer, Bowie G.; McLean, Christopher R.; Knights, Shanna D.; St-Pierre, Jean. Methods and apparatuses for gas separation by pressure swing adsorption with partial gas product feed to fuel cell power source. USP2005036866950.
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  29. Sawada, James A.; Babicki, Matthew L.; Chiu, Amy; Boulet, Andre; Roy, Surajit; Rode, Edward J.. Separation of carbon dioxide from other gases. USP2010117828877.
  30. Keefer, Bowie G.; McLean, Christopher R.; Brown, Michael J.. System that includes a fuel cell and an oxygen gas delivery system. USP2010077758988.
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