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특허 상세정보

Surface modification apparatus and method for decreasing the drag or retarding forces created by fluids flowing across a

특허상세정보
국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) B64C-021/10   
미국특허분류(USC) 244/200 ; 244/130 ; 244/199 ; 296/180.1
출원번호 US-0935182 (1997-09-22)
발명자 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Andrus, Sceales, Starke & Sawall
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 46  인용 특허 : 9
초록

A body moving through a fluid has air control and directing elements on its outer surface. The elements are laterally and longitudinally spaced and includes elements having a forward curved nose or front portion and tapered tail portions projecting outwardly from the main body. Each of the elements and body space between the elements is covered with parallel ribs extending parallel to the elements. Special elements may include raised flexible tail portions for further interacting with the air or other fluid. The shape of the elements and the ribs are var...

대표
청구항

[ I claim:] [1.] A body moving relative to a fluid and having a surface for minimizing opposition to the relative movement therebetween, comprising:a plurality of first tear-shaped elements extending outwardly from said surface of said body in a predetermined direction with respect to said surface and said fluid, each of said elements having an outer rigid surface and a longitudinal cross section including a forward end generally curving upwardly from a leading end at a substantial rate to a crest and then extending substantially more gradually downwardl...

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 46

  1. Aase,Jan H.; Browne,Alan L.; Johnson,Nancy L.; Ulicny,John C.. Airflow control devices based on active materials. USP2006067059664.
  2. Browne, Alan L.; Johnson, Nancy L.. Airflow control devices based on active materials. USP2005126979050.
  3. Mc Knight,Geoffrey P.; Massey,Cameron; Herrera,Guillermo A.; Barvosa Carter,William; Johnson,Nancy L.; Browne,Alan L.. Airflow control devices based on active materials. USP2008097429074.
  4. Mc Knight,Geoffrey P.; Massey,Cameron; Herrera,Guillermo A.; Barvosa Carter,William; Johnson,Nancy L.; Browne,Alan L.. Airflow control devices based on active materials. USP2006107118652.
  5. McKnight, Geoffrey P.; Massey, Cameron; Herrera, Guillermo A.; Barvosa-Carter, William; Johnson, Nancy L.; Browne, Alan L.. Airflow control devices based on active materials. USP2010047703839.
  6. McKnight, Geoffrey P.; Massey, Cameron; Herrera, Guillermo A.; Barvosa-Carter, William; Johnson, Nancy L.; Browne, Alan L.. Airflow control devices based on active materials. USP2010127854467.
  7. Aase,Jan H.; Browne,Alan L.; Johnson,Nancy L.; Ulicny,John C.. Airflow control devices using current. USP2006127147269.
  8. Aase,Jan H.; Browne,Alan L.; Johnson,Nancy L.; Ulicny,John C.. Airflow control devices with planar surfaces. USP2006127147271.
  9. Rawlings, Diane C.; Christensen, Stephen. Amorphous metal riblets. USP2017059656743.
  10. Rawlings, Diane C.; Christensen, Stephen. Amorphous metal riblets. USP2014038678316.
  11. Stubblefield,Donald P.; Stubblefield,Jerry D.. Apparatus and method for reducing fluid drag on a submerged surface. USP2007057219614.
  12. Vassberg, John C.; Yeh, David T.; DeHaan, Mark A.; Harrison, Neal A.; Ullman, Alan Z.; Traffenstedt, Michael W.. Beam director flow control. USP2010107815150.
  13. Exton, Reginald J. Boundary layer flow disruptors for delaying transition to turbulent flow. USP2015018939410.
  14. Lofy, John. Climate controlled seating assembly with sensors. USP2016059335073.
  15. Lofy, John. Condensation and humidity sensors for thermoelectric devices. USP20190310228166.
  16. Lofy, John D.. Condensation and humidity sensors for thermoelectric devices. USP2017059651279.
  17. Nicholson, Lee M.; Given, Peter S.; Joshi, Prasad V.; Liu, Wei; Lefebvre, Denise H.; Jankowiak, Marcin. Control of bubble size in a carbonated liquid. USP2016059327462.
  18. Berschback, Casey Lauren; Wood, Trevor Howard; Lin, Wendy Wenling; Liou, Lara. Durable riblets for engine environment. USP20181010107302.
  19. Drews,Hilbert F. P.. Dynamic surface element for bodies moving through a fluid. USP2006097111570.
  20. Rawlings, Diane C.; Burg, Jr., Alan G.. Elastomeric riblets. USP2016059352533.
  21. Brykalski, Michael J.; Terech, John; Petrovski, Dusko. Environmentally-conditioned bed. USP20190310226134.
  22. Brykalski, Michael J.; Terech, John; Petrovski, Dusko. Environmentally-conditioned bed. USP2017049622588.
  23. Petrovski, Dusko. Heating and cooling systems for seating assemblies. USP20180610005337.
  24. Rainous, Edward Atwood; Allmon, Barry Lynn; Loewe, Jeffre Gerry; Brooks, William Clarke; Blanton, Lee Alan; Tudor, Courtney James; Budinger, Vicky Showalter. Ice shed reduction for leading edge structures. USP2012088245981.
  25. Saiz, Manuel Munoz. Lifting arrangement for lateral aircraft surfaces. USP2003126669142.
  26. Lofy, John; Walsh, Ryan. Low-profile blowers and methods. USP2015099121414.
  27. Petrovski, Dusko; Zheng, Sihai; Maass, Michael. Method and system for controlling an operation of a thermoelectric device. USP2017069685599.
  28. Browne,Alan L.; Johnson,Nancy L.. Method for controlling airflow. USP2007027178859.
  29. Brykalski, Michael; Marquette, David. Moisture abatement in heating operation of climate controlled systems. USP2018069989267.
  30. Fujii, Narito; Morimoto, Masaaki; Yamada, Koshi; Sassa, Nagataka; Saito, Naohiko. Moving body side section structure. USP2017119828043.
  31. Fujii, Narito; Morimoto, Masaaki; Yamada, Koshi; Sassa, Nagataka; Saito, Naohiko. Moving body side section structure. USP2016089403562.
  32. McClure, Paul D.; Macheret, Sergey; Smith, Brian R.; Chankaya, Kurt M.. Plasma enhanced riblet. USP2012078220754.
  33. Drews,Hilbert F. P.. Post pressurizing material treatment for bodies moving through fluid. USP2006067059662.
  34. Olsen, Fred; Oigarden, Hans. Recesses on a surface. USP2005046880476.
  35. Rawlings, Diane C.; Roe, George M.; Keller, Peter C.. Reduced solar absorptivity applique having spaced riblets with pigmented coloration. USP2016069371141.
  36. Rawlings, Diane C.; Malone, Kevin R.. Rigid tipped riblets. USP2014048684310.
  37. Rawlings, Diane C.; Schneider, Terry L.. Shape memory riblets. USP2014038668166.
  38. Rawlings, Diane C.; McLean, James D.; Mathews, Mary J.. Structurally designed aerodynamic riblets. USP2014118876052.
  39. Hyde, Roderick A.; Myhrvold, Nathan P.; Wood, Jr., Lowell L.; Chan, Alistair K.; Tegreene, Clarence T.. System and method for deforming surfaces. USP2015049002484.
  40. Hyde, Roderick A.; Myhrvold, Nathan P.; Wood, Jr., Lowell L.; Chan, Alistair K.; Tegreene, Clarence T.. System for changing the convective heat transfer coefficient for a surface. USP2014078783337.
  41. Petrovski, Dusko; Zheng, Sihai; Maass, Michael. Thermoelectric device controls and methods. USP20190210208990.
  42. Inaba, Masahiko; Clark, Jay Christopher; Comiskey, Brian. Thermoelectric device with internal sensor. USP2018019857107.
  43. Steinman, Adam Joseph; Bunyak, Kenneth James; Orlando, Bruno Antonio. Vehicle headliner assembly for zonal comfort. USP2017059662962.
  44. Smith, Brian R.; Yagle, Patrick J.. Vortex generation device. USP2015079079658.
  45. Bearman, Peter William; Owen, John; Szewczyk, Albin Anthony. Vortex shedding and drag force reduction. USP2005066908063.
  46. Grife, Ronald; Westergaard, Carsten Hein; Bryant, Joshua; Chao, David; Mittendorf, Kim; Choi, Jou-Young; Arrington, Abigail. Wind turbine blade and method for manufacturing a wind turbine blade with vortex generators. USP2015059039381.