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특허 상세정보

Gas generants comprising transition metal nitrite complexes

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C06B-031/00    C06B-033/00   
미국특허분류(USC) 149/037 ; 149/045 ; 149/061 ; 149/077
출원번호 US-0797398 (1997-02-10)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Lyon, P.C.
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 28  인용 특허 : 15
초록

High nitrogen gas generant compositions, useful for inflating passenger restraint gas inflator bags, comprise a nitrogen rich coordination compound selected from coordination complexes comprised of anionic nitro and nitrito ligands coordinated with a transitional metal template, and nonmetallic or nonmetallic/metallic cations. The gas generant compositions generate relatively more gas and less solids, and are safer than known gas generant compositions. Certain gas generant compositions ignite at lower autoignition temperatures thereby facilitating the us...

대표
청구항

[ We claim:] [2.] A gas generant composition, hydrated or anhydrous, comprising a first nitrogen-containing fuel and/or a first oxidizer, and at least one coordination complex, said coordination complex represented by the formula :EQU (NM).sub.u (M').sub.x [M".sub.y (NO.sub.2).sub.z ] rein:(NM) is a nonmetal cation selected from the group consisting of ammonia, hydrazine, hydroxylamine, guanidine, aminoguanidine, diaminoguanidine, triaminoguanidine, biguanidine, aminotriazole, guanizine, aminotetrazole, hydrazino tetrazole, 5-guanylaminotetrazole, diamin...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (15)

  1. Willer Rodney L. (Slidell LA) Day Robert S. (Newark DE) Park ; deceased Dennis J. (late of Newark DE by Tara J. Park ; legal representative). 3-nitramino-4-nitrofurazan and salts thereof. USP1995105460669.
  2. Lund Gary K. (Malad ID) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT). Anhydrous 5-aminotetrazole gas generant compositions and methods of preparation. USP1996035500059.
  3. Hamilton Brian (Littleton CO) Renz Robert (Mesa AZ). Automotive inflatable safety system propellant with complexing agent. USP1996085542704.
  4. Highsmith Thomas K. (North Ogden UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT) Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT). Bitetrazoleamine gas generant compositions. USP1997105682014.
  5. Danen Wayne C. (Los Alamos NM) Martin Joe A. (Espanola NM). Energetic composites. USP1993115266132.
  6. Walker Franklin E. (18 Shadow Oak Rd. Danville CA 94526) Wasley Richard J. (4290 Colgate Way Livermore CA 94550). Explosive composition with group VIII metal nitroso halide getter. USP1982064336085.
  7. Forsberg John W. (Mentor OH). Explosive compositions using a combination of emulsifying salts. USP1989094863534.
  8. Barnes Michael W. (Brigham City UT) Deppert Thomas M. (Brigham City UT) Taylor Robert D. (Hyrum UT). Gas generant compositions using dicyanamide salts as fuel. USP1996085544687.
  9. Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT) Stevens Mikel R. (Fayetteville AR). Gas generant formulations containing poly(nitrito) metal complexes as oxidants and method. USP1992115160386.
  10. Bruenner Rolf Sylvester ; Oberth Adolf Eduard ; Clark George Merrill ; Katzakian ; Jr. Arthur. Liquid nitrate oxidizer compositions. USP1998035734124.
  11. Hinshaw Jerald C. (Farr West UT) Doll Daniel W. (North Ogden UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT) Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT). Metal complexes for use as gas generants. USP1997105673935.
  12. Hinshaw Jerald C. (Farr West UT) Doll Daniel W. (North Ogden UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT) Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT). Metal complexes for use as gas generants. USP1997015592812.
  13. Hinshaw Jerald C. ; Doll Daniel W. ; Blau Reed J. ; Lund Gary K.. Metal complexes for use as gas generants. USP1998035725699.
  14. Lundstrom Norman H. ; Khandhadia Paresh S.. Nonazide gas generating compositions. USP1998055756929.
  15. Hinshaw Jerald C. ; Doll Daniel W. ; Blau Reed J. ; Lund Gary K.. Using metal complex compositions as gas generants. USP1998045735118.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 28

  1. Burns, Sean P.; Hordos, Deborah L.; Newell, Jason. Autoignition compositions. USP2014078784585.
  2. Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Barnes, Michael W.. Burn rate enhancement via a transition metal complex of diammonium bitetrazole. USP2004036712918.
  3. Abdel K. Helmy ; Tracy N. Michon. Cool burning gas generating composition. USP2002036361630.
  4. Taylor, Robert D.; Hess, Gregg. Copper complexes with oxalyldihydrazide moieties. USP2012018097103.
  5. Stewart, Russell John; Kiser, Patrick Franklin; Stayner, Richard Scott. Crosslinking within coordination complexes. USP2016059340595.
  6. Gozin, Michael; Aizikovich, Alex; Shlomovich, Avital; Cohen, Adva; Pechersky, Tali. Energetic compounds and compositions. USP20190210196477.
  7. Burns Sean P. ; Khandhadia Paresh S.. Gas generant composition. USP2001096287400.
  8. Mayville, Brian A.; Thompson, Christian P.. Gas generating system with gas generant cushion. USP2015079073512.
  9. Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Taylor, Robert D.; Parkinson, David W.; Smith, Robert G.; Rink, Karl K.. Gas generation with reduced NOx formation. USP2004016673173.
  10. Hordos, Deborah L.. Gas generator. USP2015069046327.
  11. Hordos, Deborah L.. Gas generator. USP2017019556078.
  12. Burns, Sean P.. Gas generator assembly. USP2010097789018.
  13. Burns,Sean P.; Stevens,Bruce A.; Dunham,Steven M.; Williams,Graylon K.. Inflator. USP2006087097203.
  14. Krupp, Robert M.; Burns, Sean P.; Williams, Graylon K.; Patterson, Donald B.; Adamini, Chris A.; Khandhadia, Paresh S.; Mishra, Indu B.. Inflator. USP2004106805377.
  15. Yamato, Yo; Yamazaki, Masayuki. Method of reducing NOx. USP2003116651565.
  16. Iwai,Yasunori; Yamazaki,Masayuki. Method of reducing nitrogen oxide in hybrid inflator. USP2006057040657.
  17. Blomquist, Harold R.. Monopropellant smokeless gas generant materials. USP2003026513834.
  18. Elmas, Atifet Begüm; Ay Üresin, Şiringül; Ulutürk, Mehmet; Bigeç, Bariş; Korlu, Zekayi. O-chlorobenzylidene malononitrile (CS) based self-combustible pyrotechnic compositions which have low ignition temperatures. USP20181210155701.
  19. Stevens,Bruce A.; Williams,Graylon K.. Peroxide linear inflator. USP2007077243946.
  20. Hiskey, Michael A.; Chavez, David E.; Bishop, Robert L.; Kramer, John F.; Kinkead, Scott A.. Preparation of 3,3'-diamino-4,4'-azofurazan. USP2003046552201.
  21. Blackburn, Jeffery S.. Pressurized gas release mechanism. USP2009097588265.
  22. Lundstrom Norman H.. Propellant compositions with salts and complexes of lanthanide and rare earth elements. USP2001086277221.
  23. Burns,Sean P.; Halpin,Jeffrey W.. Pyrotechnic linear inflator. USP2007117293798.
  24. Burns,Sean P.; Stevens,Bruace A.; Quioc,Eduardo L.. Pyrotechnic linear inflator. USP2006077080854.
  25. Stevens,Bruce A.; Dunham,Steven Maxwell Gordon; Burns,Sean P.; Quioc,Eduardo L.; Newell,Jason. Pyrotechnic linear inflator. USP2007037192055.
  26. Khandhadia Paresh S. ; Burns Sean P.. Thermally stable nonazide automotive airbag propellants. USP2001106306232.
  27. Michael A. Hiskey ; David E. Chavez ; Robert L. Bishop ; John F. Kramer ; Scott A. Kinkead. Use of 3,3'-diamino-4,4'-azoxyfurazan and 3,3'-diamino-4,4'-azofurazan as insensitive high explosive materials. USP2002036358339.
  28. Khandhadia, Paresh S.; Burns, Sean P.. Vehicle component with integral inflator. USP2014018622419.