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특허 상세정보

Chemical cooling of airbag inflation gases

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) B60R-021/26   
미국특허분류(USC) 28/0741 ; 10/270.4
출원번호 US-0121570 (1998-07-23)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Brown
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 39  인용 특허 : 22
초록

Assemblies and methods are provided for cooling a hot gas utilizing a solid chemical coolant wherein the mass of coolant is maintained to avoid the creation of flow passageways, channels or the like therethrough which may otherwise serve to avoid or reduce either or both the amount and extent of contact between coolant and hot gas.

대표
청구항

[ What is claimed is:] [1.] An assembly for use in cooling a hot gas, said assembly comprising:an axially elongated coolant chamber containing a mass of a chemical coolant solid, said coolant chamber including at least one gas entrance opening and a plurality of radially distributed gas exit orifices, the chemical coolant being endothermically reactable with the hot gas to cool the hot gas and to form at least one gaseous endothermic reaction product, the mass of the chemical coolant solid being reduced when a sufficient quantity of heat is absorbed ther...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (22)

  1. Maier-Laxhuber Peter (Saumweberstrasse 14 8000 Munchen 60 DEX) Kaubek Fritz (Heilmannstrasse 25 8000 Munchen 71 DEX). Adiabatic heating and cooling process and portable devices in accordance with the adsorption principle. USP1988064752310.
  2. Yamauchi Takao (Yokohama JPX) Nishimoto Kyoya (Chiba JPX) Tanemori Nozomu (Funabashi JPX). Chemical heat pump utilizing clathrate formation reaction. USP1988014718242.
  3. Fukuma Daizo (Tokorozawa JA) Maruizumi Haruki (Tokyo JA) Nagaoka Tadahiko (Tokorozawa JA). Gas cooling and filtering agent for air bag gas generator. USP1976043950263.
  4. Smith Bradley W. (Ogden UT) Mitson Scott C. (Honeyville UT). Gas generant body having pressed-on burn inhibitor layer. USP1997105682013.
  5. Goetz George W. (Detroit MI) Hamilton Brian K. (Littleton CO). Gas generating material. USP1987104698107.
  6. Goetz George W. (Rochester Hills MI) Hamilton Brian K. (Littleton CO). Gas generating material. USP1989024806180.
  7. Lauritzen Donald R. (Hyrum UT) Green David J. (Brigham City UT) Taylor Robert D. (Hyrum UT) Mitson Scott C. (Honeyville UT). Gas generation and ignition system for airbag inflation. USP1997045620205.
  8. Anisimov Veniamin M. (ulitsa Dekabristov ; 15-6 Biisk Altaiskogo kraya SUX) Belov Valentin V. (Klenovy bulvar ; 8 ; kv. 47 Moscow SUX) Verkevich Vsevolod I. (ulitsa Moldagulovoi ; 18 ; korpus 2 ; kv.. Gas generator. USP1981124305908.
  9. Marlow Darrell W. (Herrin IL) Freeman Brady L. (Carterville IL). Gas generator. USP1976013934984.
  10. Kasama ; Tsuneo ; Wada ; Makoto ; Sano ; Masakatu ; Tsuji ; Shinzo. Gas generator for inflatable life raft. USP1978014066415.
  11. Plantif Bernard E. (Saint Medard-en-Jalles FR) Pasquier Michel C. (Merignac FR) Tillac Jean-Francois (Bordeaux Cauderan FR). Gas generator with a combustion chamber laterally surrounded by a cooling chamber. USP1976053958949.
  12. Garner Eugene F. (Canyon County CA) Hamilton Brian K. (Canyon County CA). Ignition enhancer coating compositions for azide propellant. USP1981014244758.
  13. Minto Wallace L. (Sarasota FL). Method and apparatus for accumulating, storing and releasing thermal energy. USP1981094291755.
  14. Minto Wallace L. (Sarasota FL). Method and apparatus for accumulating, storing and releasing thermal energy. USP1983094403643.
  15. Sizmann Rudolf (Munich DEX). Method for increasing the temperature of gaseous inert carrier medium on taking useful heat from a storage medium storin. USP1984074461339.
  16. Sizmann Rudolf (Munich DEX). Method of using and storing energy from the environment. USP1984114484617.
  17. Stiffler Mario (Via Ai Ronchi 6936 Cademario CHX). Process for manufacturing hydrate salts-base granule-shaped thermal energy accumulators with an adherent hermetic coatin. USP1988124789562.
  18. Garner Eugene F. (Canyon Country CA) Seldner Alvin A. (Saugus CA). Pyrotechnic coating composition. USP1981014246051.
  19. Doin Bernard J. (Saint Medard en Jalles FR) Plantif Bernard E. (Saint Medard en Jalles FR) Pasquier Michel C. (Merignac FR) Tillac Jean-Francois (Bordeaux Cauderan FR). Pyrotechnic gas generator having a movable combustion chamber. USP1976103986456.
  20. Kitahara Koichi (Fujisawa JPX) Matsumoto Yoshiki (Isehara JPX) Fujisawa Masayuki (Hiratsuka JPX) Nagatsu Isao (Atami JPX) Hiramoto Miyoko (Isehara JPX) Ariki Shigeo (Yokohama JPX). Refrigerant. USP1993115261241.
  21. Bee Rodney D. (Eaton Ford GB3) Palmer Anthony M. (Podingcon GB3). Sublimation method. USP1990064930319.
  22. Herrick Carlyle S. (Alplaus NY). Thermal energy storage and release utilizing combined sensible heat and latent heat of fusion. USP1979054152899.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 39

  1. Meissner, Dirk; Fernàndez, Juan; Vidolov, Kliment; Markfort, Dieter; Lube, Thomas; Hänsel, Michael. Airbag module. USP2010047690680.
  2. Meissner, Dirk; Fernàndez, Juan; Vidolov, Kliment; Markfort, Dieter; Lube, Thomas; Hänsel, Michael. Airbag module. USP2011108029018.
  3. Meissner, Dirk; Fernàndez, Juan; Vidolov, Kliment; Markfort, Dieter; Lube, Thomas; Hänsel, Michael. Airbag module. USP2011098025310.
  4. Meissner, Dirk; Fernàndez, Juan; Vidolov, Kliment; Markfort, Dieter; Lube, Thomas; Hänsel, Michael. Airbag module. USP2011118047568.
  5. Meissner, Dirk; Fernàndez, Juan; Vidolov, Kliment; Markfort, Dieter; Lube, Thomas; Hänsel, Michael. Airbag module. USP2011037896393.
  6. Scholz, Markus. Assembly consisting of an inflator, a housing and a retainer. USP2004096796582.
  7. Quioc,Eduardo L.; Whang,David S.; Khandhadia,Paresh S.. Belt and side impact inflator. USP2009037506891.
  8. Bilbrey,David Anthony; Colburn,Scott Joseph; Husband,C. Richard; Rovito,Robert William; Hancock,Samuel Morgan. Compact multi-level output gas generator. USP2008107438313.
  9. Peter J. Astrauskas ; Michael G. Mangum ; Siegfried Zeuner DE. Cool, low effluent pyrotechnic inflator. USP2002116481747.
  10. Shilliday, David; Scaven, Greg; Fitzgerald, Kevin. Distributed charge inflator system. USP2005056886469.
  11. Shilliday,David; Scaven,Gregory J.; Fitzgerald,Kevin. Distributed charge inflator system. USP2007017162958.
  12. Shilliday,David; Scaven,Gregory J.; Fitzgerald,Kevin. Distributed charge inflator system. USP2006117137341.
  13. Greenwood, George; Pfefferle, Richard. Expanded metal filters. USP2017079700825.
  14. Zengerle, Werner; Schreiber, Simon; Schwuchow, Karsten. Filter for use in a gas generator. USP2013118585792.
  15. Sampson, William P.. Fire suppression systems and methods of suppressing a fire. USP2017069682259.
  16. Blackburn, Jeffery S.. Gas generating system. USP2009057537240.
  17. Blackburn,Jeffery S.. Gas generating system. USP2008057367584.
  18. Mason, Scott A.; McCormick, David M.; Morgan, Richard W.; Anderson, Jeffrey. Gas generating system. USP2013028376400.
  19. Mayville, Brian A.; Sledz, Christopher T.. Gas generating system. USP2010097802812.
  20. McCormick, David M.. Gas generating system. USP2010107814838.
  21. McCormick, David M.; Hardenburg, Robert M.; Vergara, Bernardo V.. Gas generating system. USP2010027654565.
  22. McCormick,David M.. Gas generating system. USP2008037343862.
  23. Italiane,John R.; Styner,James M.; Nguyen,Andrew C.; Gregg,Gary S.; Holland,Gary F.; Wilson,Michael A.. Gas generation system. USP2007037188567.
  24. Hanano, Teppei; Yamazaki, Masayuki. Gas generator. USP2017099764710.
  25. Imoto, Katsuhiro; Hanano, Teppei; Yamashita, Haruhiko. Gas generator. USP2018069994189.
  26. Patterson, Donald B.; Mason, Scott A.. Gas generator. USP2010077762585.
  27. Quioc, Eduardo L.. Gas generator. USP2010107806954.
  28. Matsuda, Naoki; Hirooka, Masato. Gas generator for air bag. USP2010027665764.
  29. Watase,Takefumi; Yabuta,Mikio. Gas generator for air bag and air bag apparatus. USP2006026997475.
  30. Robbins, Steven M.; Sampson, William P.. Gas-generating devices with grain-retention structures and related methods and systems. USP2014038672348.
  31. Quioc,Eduardo L.. Inflator. USP2007097267365.
  32. Blackburn,Jeffery S.. Inflator and method of assembly. USP2008107438315.
  33. Clark,Marcus; Smith,Bradley W.; Larsen,Alan R.. Inflator devices having a moisture barrier member. USP2007037185588.
  34. Cox, Matthew A.; Smith, Bradley W.; Parkinson, David W.. Inflator-based fire suppression. USP2015018939225.
  35. Sampson, William P.. Liquid-augmented, generated-gas fire suppression systems and related methods. USP2015038967284.
  36. Blau, Reed J.; Rozanski, James D.; Truitt, Richard M.; Lund, Gary K.; Sampson, William P.. Man-rated fire suppression system and related methods. USP2018039919173.
  37. Chauvin, Aurélie; Le Gall, Dominique. Obturating element, gas generator provided with the latter and method for manufacturing same. USP2016119493138.
  38. Cook Fred J. ; Shaffer Barry F. ; Johnson Darrin L. ; Randell Edward F.. Staged air bag inflator. USP2001056237950.
  39. Ruckdeschel, Rolf. Tubular gas generator. USP2005126971673.