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특허 상세정보

Cool burning gas generating composition

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C06B-031/02   
미국특허분류(USC) 149/061 ; 149/036 ; 149/062 ; 149/045
출원번호 US-0026980 (1998-02-20)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Tarolli, Sundheim, Covell, Tummino & Szabo L.L.P.
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 15  인용 특허 : 18
초록

A gas generating composition comprises an organic fuel and an oxidizer wherein a component of the composition comprises an alkaline earth metal or alkali metal ion. The composition also comprises an ammonium salt coolant selected from the group consisting of ammonium halide, ammonium sulfate, and ammonium sulfamate. A preferred coolant is ammonium chloride. The anion of the ammonium salt on combustion of the gas generating composition reacts with the alkaline earth metal or alkali metal ion to produce a high melting point salt. The amount of coolant is a...

대표
청구항

[ Having described the invention, the following is claimed:] [1.] A gas generating composition suitable for inflating a vehicle occupant protection device comprising:an organic fuel selected from the group consisting of cyanamides, tetrazoles, carbonamides, triazoles, guanidines, salts of guanidine, tetramethyl ammonium nitrate, triazines, tetrazines, urea, salts of urea, and combinations thereof,an oxidizer selected from the group consisting of an alkali metal nitrate, an alkaline earth metal nitrate, an alkali metal nitrite, an alkaline earth metal nit...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (18)

  1. Poole, Donald R.. Azide-free gas generant composition with easily filterable combustion products. USP1991075035757.
  2. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA) Kwong Patrick C. (Seattle WA). Azide-free gas generant compositions and processes. USP1995025386775.
  3. MacLaren Richard O. (Sunnyvale CA) Tzeng Donald D. (San Jose CA). Breathable gas generators. USP1996095557062.
  4. Chi Minn-Shong (Newark DE). Composite propellants containing copper compounds as ballistic modifiers. USP1990114971640.
  5. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA) Wilson Michael A. (Bothell WA). Composition and process for inflating a safety crash bag. USP1990084948439.
  6. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA). Composition for controlling oxides of nitrogen. USP1992085139588.
  7. Taylor Robert D. (Hyrum UT) Deppert Thomas M. (Brigham City UT). Gas generant composition for use with aluminum components. USP1996065529647.
  8. Pacanowsky Eugene J. (Elkton MD) Martino Eugene A. (Newark DE). Gas generating compositions containing ammonium sulfate acceleration force desensitizer. USP1976113993514.
  9. Ramnarace ; Jawaharlal. Gas generator propellants. USP1978094111728.
  10. Wilson Kimberly A. ; Wilson Michael A. ; Poole Donald R. ; Holland Gary F.. Low temperature autoigniting propellant composition. USP1999025866842.
  11. Burns Sean P. ; Khandhadia Paresh S.. Nonazide gas generant compositions. USP1999025872329.
  12. Mehrotra Ashok K. (Williamson IL) Markovich I. Lee (Wickenburg AZ). Potassium fluoride stabilized ammonium nitrate and method of producing potassium fluoride stabilized ammonium nitrate. USP1992035098683.
  13. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA). Process for preparing azide-free gas generant composition. USP1996075531941.
  14. Krone Uwe (Hamfelde DEX) Moeller Klaus (Trittau DEX). Smoke composition. USP1983034376001.
  15. Chang Marguerite S. (Forest Heights MD) Highby John H. (Indian Head MD) Mackenzie Gerald L. (Port Tobacco MD). Solid gas generating and gun propellant composition containing triaminoguanidine nitrate and synthetic polymer binder. USP1976053954528.
  16. Menke Klaus (Bruchsal DEX) Bohnlein-Mauss Jutta (Speyer DEX) Schmid Helmut (Karlsruhe DEX) Bucerius Klaus M. (Karlsruhe DEX) Engel Walther (Woschbach DEX). Solid propellant based on phase-stabilized ammonium nitrate. USP1997015596168.
  17. Menke Klaus (Bruchsal DEX) Bohnlein-Mauss Jutta (Speyer DEX) Schmid Helmut (Karlsruhe DEX) Bucerius Klaus M. (Karlsruhe DEX) Engel Walther (Woschbach DEX). Solid propellant based on phase-stabilized ammonium nitrate. USP1996125589661.
  18. Katzakian ; Jr. Arthur ; Cheung Henry ; Grix Charles E. ; McGehee Donald C.. Solid solution vehicle airbag clean gas generator propellant. USP1998125847315.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 15

  1. Blomquist Harold R.. Cool burning ammonium nitrate based gas generating composition. USP2001056231702.
  2. Sampson, William P.. Fire suppression systems and methods of suppressing a fire. USP2017069682259.
  3. Williams,Graylon K.; Burns,Sean P.. Gas generants containing silicone fuels. USP2006087094296.
  4. Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Taylor, Robert D.; Parkinson, David W.; Smith, Robert G.; Rink, Karl K.. Gas generation with reduced NOx formation. USP2004016673173.
  5. Sampson, William P.. Gas generator. USP2013128616128.
  6. Robbins, Steven M.; Sampson, William P.. Gas-generating devices with grain-retention structures and related methods and systems. USP2014038672348.
  7. Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Lund, Gary K.. Inflator assembly. USP2012078231747.
  8. Cox, Matthew A.; Smith, Bradley W.; Parkinson, David W.. Inflator-based fire suppression. USP2015018939225.
  9. Sampson, William P.. Liquid-augmented, generated-gas fire suppression systems and related methods. USP2015038967284.
  10. Blau, Reed J.; Rozanski, James D.; Truitt, Richard M.; Lund, Gary K.; Sampson, William P.. Man-rated fire suppression system and related methods. USP2013048408322.
  11. Blau, Reed J.; Rozanski, James D.; Truitt, Richard M.; Lund, Gary K.; Sampson, William P.. Man-rated fire suppression system and related methods. USP2018039919173.
  12. Lund, Gary K.; Rozanski, James D.. Method and apparatus for suppression of fires. USP2010127845423.
  13. Harold R. Blomquist. Polymeric amine for a gas generating material. USP2002066410682.
  14. Blomquist, Harold R.. Reduced smoke gas generant with improved temperature stability. USP2003076588797.
  15. Burns, Sean P.; Moquin, Larry A.; Khandhadia, Paresh S.. Selective non-catalytic reduction (SNCR) of toxic gaseous effluents. USP2009087575648.