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특허 상세정보

Cool burning ammonium nitrate based gas generating composition

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C06B-031/30    C06B-031/32   
미국특허분류(USC) 149/036 ; 149/046 ; 149/047 ; 149/060 ; 149/061
출원번호 US-0092718 (1998-06-05)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Tarolli, Sundheim, Covell, Tummino & Szabo L.L.P.
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 8  인용 특허 : 20
초록

A gas generating composition comprises an organic fuel and an ammonium nitrate oxidizer which is phase stabilized with an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal salt. The composition also comprises an ammonium salt coolant selected from the group consisting of an ammonium halide, ammonium sulfate, and ammonium sulfamate. A preferred coolant is ammonium chloride.

대표
청구항

[ What is claimed is:] [1.]1. A gas generating composition suitable for inflating a vehicle occupant protection device comprising:an organic fuel;phase stabilized ammonium nitrate wherein the phase stabilizer is an alkali metal nitrate, an alkali metal nitrite, an alkali metal peroxide, an alkali metal dinitramide, an alkaline earth metal nitrate, an alkaline earth metal nitrite, an alkaline earth metal peroxide, an alkaline earth metal dinitramide, or a combination thereof; andan ammonium halide coolant,wherein the gas generating composition produces, u...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (20)

  1. Poole, Donald R.. Azide-free gas generant composition with easily filterable combustion products. USP1991075035757.
  2. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA) Kwong Patrick C. (Seattle WA). Azide-free gas generant compositions and processes. USP1995025386775.
  3. MacLaren Richard O. (Sunnyvale CA) Tzeng Donald D. (San Jose CA). Breathable gas generators. USP1996095557062.
  4. Chi Minn-Shong (Newark DE). Composite propellants containing copper compounds as ballistic modifiers. USP1990114971640.
  5. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA) Wilson Michael A. (Bothell WA). Composition and process for inflating a safety crash bag. USP1990084948439.
  6. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA). Composition for controlling oxides of nitrogen. USP1992085139588.
  7. Blomquist Harold R.. Cool burning gas generating composition. USP2000116143104.
  8. Taylor Robert D. (Hyrum UT) Deppert Thomas M. (Brigham City UT). Gas generant composition for use with aluminum components. USP1996065529647.
  9. Pacanowsky Eugene J. (Elkton MD) Martino Eugene A. (Newark DE). Gas generating compositions containing ammonium sulfate acceleration force desensitizer. USP1976113993514.
  10. Ramnarace ; Jawaharlal. Gas generator propellants. USP1978094111728.
  11. Wilson Kimberly A. ; Wilson Michael A. ; Poole Donald R. ; Holland Gary F.. Low temperature autoigniting propellant composition. USP1999025866842.
  12. Burns Sean P. ; Khandhadia Paresh S.. Nonazide gas generant compositions. USP1999025872329.
  13. Mehrotra Ashok K. (Williamson IL) Markovich I. Lee (Wickenburg AZ). Potassium fluoride stabilized ammonium nitrate and method of producing potassium fluoride stabilized ammonium nitrate. USP1992035098683.
  14. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA). Process for preparing azide-free gas generant composition. USP1996075531941.
  15. Krone Uwe (Hamfelde DEX) Moeller Klaus (Trittau DEX). Smoke composition. USP1983034376001.
  16. Chang Marguerite S. (Forest Heights MD) Highby John H. (Indian Head MD) Mackenzie Gerald L. (Port Tobacco MD). Solid gas generating and gun propellant composition containing triaminoguanidine nitrate and synthetic polymer binder. USP1976053954528.
  17. Menke Klaus (Bruchsal DEX) Bohnlein-Mauss Jutta (Speyer DEX) Schmid Helmut (Karlsruhe DEX) Bucerius Klaus M. (Karlsruhe DEX) Engel Walther (Woschbach DEX). Solid propellant based on phase-stabilized ammonium nitrate. USP1997015596168.
  18. Menke Klaus (Bruchsal DEX) Bohnlein-Mauss Jutta (Speyer DEX) Schmid Helmut (Karlsruhe DEX) Bucerius Klaus M. (Karlsruhe DEX) Engel Walther (Woschbach DEX). Solid propellant based on phase-stabilized ammonium nitrate. USP1996125589661.
  19. Katzakian ; Jr. Arthur ; Cheung Henry ; Grix Charles E. ; McGehee Donald C.. Solid solution vehicle airbag clean gas generator propellant. USP1998125847315.
  20. Poole Donald R. (South Colby WA) Holland Gary F. (Snohomish WA) Wolf Nicholas A. (Renton WA) Wilson Michael A. (Bothell WA). Thermally stable gas generating composition. USP1996085545272.