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특허 상세정보

Metal complexes for use as gas generants

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) B60R-021/28    C06D-005/00    C06B-031/00   
미국특허분류(USC) 280/741 ; 149/019.1 ; 149/045 ; 600/219
출원번호 US-0434274 (1999-11-05)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 14  인용 특허 : 18
초록

Gas generating compositions and methods for their use are provided. Metal complexes are used as gas generating compositions. These complexes are comprised of a metal cation template, a neutral ligand containing hydrogen and nitrogen, sufficient oxidizing anion to balance the charge of the complex, and at least one cool burning organic nitrogen-containing compound. The complexes are formulated such that when the complex combusts, nitrogen gas and water vapor is produced. Specific examples of such complexes include metal nitrite ammine, metal nitrate ammin...

대표
청구항

[ What is claimed is:] [1.]1. A method of inflating an air bag comprising combusting a gas generating composition containing a complex of a transition metal cation or alkaline earth metal cation, at least one neutral ligand containing hydrogen and nitrogen, and sufficient oxidizing anion to balance the charge of the metal cation, such that when the gas generating composition combusts, a mixture of gases containing nitrogen gas and water vapor is produced, wherein the composition further contains at least one cool burning organic nitrogen-containing compo...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (18)

  1. Poole, Donald R.. Azide-free gas generant composition with easily filterable combustion products. USP1991075035757.
  2. Highsmith Thomas K. (North Ogden UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT) Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT). Bitetrazoleamine gas generant compositions. USP1997105682014.
  3. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA) Wilson Michael A. (Bothell WA). Composition and process for inflating a safety crash bag. USP1990084948439.
  4. Caspari Gunter (Wheaton IL) Poppe Wassily (Lombard IL). Flame retardant compositions. USP1980014185008.
  5. Barnes Michael W. (Brigham City UT) Taylor Robert D. (Hyrum UT). Gas generant compositions containing amine nitrates plus basic copper (II) nitrate and/or cobalt(III) triammine trinitra. USP1997035608183.
  6. Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT) Stevens Mikel R. (Fayetteville AR). Gas generant formulations containing poly(nitrito) metal complexes as oxidants and method. USP1992115160386.
  7. Hinshaw Jerald C. (Farr West UT) Doll Daniel W. (North Ogden UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT) Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT). Metal complexes for use as gas generants. USP1997105673935.
  8. Hinshaw Jerald C. (Farr West UT) Doll Daniel W. (North Ogden UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT) Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT). Metal complexes for use as gas generants. USP1997015592812.
  9. Hinshaw Jerald C. ; Doll Daniel W. ; Blau Reed J. ; Lund Gary K.. Metal complexes for use as gas generants. USP1998035725699.
  10. Hinshaw Jerald C. ; Doll Daniel W. ; Blau Reed J. ; Lund Gary K.. Metal hydrazine complexes used as gas generants. USP1999105970703.
  11. DiValentin Mario Angelo (Otterburn Park CA). Metal oxide/azide gas generating compositions. USP1976123996079.
  12. Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT) Stevens Mikel R. (Fayetteville AR) Edwards W. Wayne (Tremonton UT) Shaw ; III Graham C. (Garland UT). Non-azide gas generant formulation, method, and apparatus. USP1993035197758.
  13. Poole Donald R. (Woodinville WA). Pelletizable propellant. USP1985084533416.
  14. Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT). Preparation of anhydrous tetrazole gas generant compositions. USP1996035501823.
  15. Udy Lex L. (4597 Ledgemont Dr. Holladay UT 84117) Day John T. (5 Dawn Hill Sandy UT 84070). Seismic explosive composition. USP1985074528049.
  16. Bucerius Klaus M. (Karlsruhe) Wasmann Friedrich-Wilhelm (Pfinztal) Menke Klaus (Bruchsal DEX). Stable, nitrogen-rich composition. USP1993035198046.
  17. Hinshaw Jerald C. (Farr West UT) Blau Reed J. (Richmond UT). Thermite compositions for use as gas generants comprising basic metal carbonates and/or basic metal nitrates. USP1995075429691.
  18. Hinshaw Jerald C. ; Doll Daniel W. ; Blau Reed J. ; Lund Gary K.. Using metal complex compositions as gas generants. USP1998045735118.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 14

  1. Barnes, Michael W.; Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Taylor, Robert D.. Alkali metal perchlorate-containing gas generants. USP2013038388777.
  2. Barnes, Michael W.; Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Taylor, Robert D.. Alkali metal perchlorate-containing gas generants. USP2012018101033.
  3. Barnes,Michael W.; Mendenhall,Ivan V.; Taylor,Robert D.. Ammonium perchlorate-containing gas generants. USP2006127147733.
  4. Pile, Donald A.; John, Jr., Henry J.. Bismuth oxide primer composition. USP2012038128766.
  5. Pile, Donald A.; John, Jr., Henry J.. Bismuth oxide primer composition. USP2013128597445.
  6. Tomiyama, Shogo. Gas generating composition. USP2011108034133.
  7. Yokoyama, Takushi; Watabiki, Mamoru; Wu, Jianzhou. Gas generating composition. USP2009117618506.
  8. Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Taylor, Robert D.; Parkinson, David W.; Smith, Robert G.; Rink, Karl K.. Gas generation with reduced NOx formation. USP2004016673173.
  9. Mendenhall, Ivan V.; Lund, Gary K.. Inflator assembly. USP2012078231747.
  10. Pile, Donald Allen; John, Jr., Henry J.. Priming mixtures for small arms. USP2014078784583.
  11. Yamamoto, Akio; Takahori, Takeshi. Process for producing a gas generating agent. USP2010027662248.
  12. Slutzky, Barry P.; Kluender, Andrew W.. Pulse descriptor word collector. USP2005046876321.
  13. Newman, Kirk E.; Riffe, Virgil; Jones, Steven L.; Lowell, Mark D.. Thermobaric explosives and compositions, and articles of manufacture and methods regarding the same. USP2010067727347.
  14. Newman, Kirk E.; Riffe, Virgil; Jones, Steven L.; Lowell, Mark D.. Thermobaric explosives and compositions, and articles of manufacture and methods regarding the same. USP2010077754036.