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특허 상세정보

Thrust vectoring techniques

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) B64C-015/02    B64C-029/00   
미국특허분류(USC) 244/012.5 ; 244/023D ; 239/265.19
출원번호 US-0246426 (1999-02-08)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Woodard, Emhardt, Naughton, Moriarty & McNett
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 39  인용 특허 : 23
초록

A thrust directing mechanism to vector thrust and control discharge throat area with a number of vanes mounted across the passage. The mechanism includes a control link pivotally coupled to each of the vanes. The control link is selectively movable to correspondingly pivot the vanes and has at least two degrees of freedom corresponding to a two coordinate position. A desired orientation of the vanes may be determined as a function of the two coordinate position. The discharge exit area is contracted by adjusting convergence of the vanes. During convergen...

대표
청구항

[ What is claimed is:] [1.]1. A method, comprising:discharging a working fluid through an outlet of an aircraft nozzle to produce thrust, the nozzle being in fluid communication with an aircraft working fluid source and having at least four vanes pivotally mounted across the outlet; andpivoting the vanes to change thrust direction during said discharging, said pivoting including adjusting convergence of the vanes to maintain a first throat area;modulating thrust magnitude during said discharging by pivoting the vanes to change from the first throat area ...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (23)

  1. Sokhey Jack (Jagdish) Singh ; Crook Andrew James ; Snyder Philip Harold ; Vittal Baily R.. Aircraft thrust vectoring system. USP1998065769317.
  2. Thayer Edward B. (Jupiter FL) Scott Philip R. (Lake Park FL) Roach Thomas A. (Mauldin SC). Area controlled, thrust vectoring vane cascade with nutating control vane. USP1989014798328.
  3. Madden William M. (Palm Springs FL). Area two-dimensional converging/diverging nozzle. USP1986054587806.
  4. Lippmeier William C. (Cincinnati OH). Axisymmetric vectoring exhaust nozzle seal. USP1991085039014.
  5. Ausdenmoore Robert M.. Axisymmetric vectoring nozzle actuating system having multiple power control circuits. USP1998045740988.
  6. Thayer Edward B. (Jupiter FL) Stevens Herman L. (West Palm Beach FL). Control vent for diverting exhaust nozzle. USP1989024805401.
  7. Speicher John M. (Geyserville CA) Voigt Allan A. (Geyserville CA) Voigt Che-Ram S. (Geyserville CA). Differential yoke-aerofin thrust vector control system. USP1997055630564.
  8. Spears ; Jr. Esten W. (Indianapolis IN). Ducted fan engine exhaust mixer. USP1980104226084.
  9. Carey Lee F. (North Tonawanda NY). Extendible/expandable nozzle for rocket engines and the like and method of making same. USP1979074162040.
  10. Hurley John F. (Huntington CT). Infrared radiation suppressor for gas turbine engine. USP1977044018046.
  11. Nightingale Douglas J. (Jonesboro GA). Mechanism for operating a cascade of variable pitch vanes. USP1996015485958.
  12. Smereczniak Philip (St. Peters MO) Spetnagel David R. (St. Charles MO). Method and apparatus for controlling the throat area, expansion ratio and thrust vector angle of an aircraft turbine eng. USP1997125694766.
  13. Robinson Michael R. ; Ouellette Richard P.. Multi axis thrust vectoring for turbo fan engines. USP1998015706649.
  14. Bevilaqua Paul M. (Santa Clarita CA) Shumpert Paul K. (Valencia CA). Propulsion system for a vertical and short takeoff and landing aircraft. USP1993055209428.
  15. Garrett Timothy M. (Florissant MO) Zilz David E. (St. Peters MO). Rotatable arms for thrust vectoring and changing the area of a nozzle throat. USP1994035294055.
  16. Musgrove Robert G. (Arlington TX). Tandem fan series flow VSTOL propulsion system. USP1984104474345.
  17. Evans Robert C. (Cincinnati OH) Ammer Robert C. (Bright IN). Thrust vectoring apparatus for a VTOL aircraft. USP1980064205813.
  18. Pedersen George H. (Indianapolis IN). Variable area exhaust nozzle. USP1980124241876.
  19. Short Malcolm (Bristol GB2). Variable camber vane. USP1995115464175.
  20. Langley ; Jr. David T. (226 S. Main St. Los Angeles CA 90012). Variable throat nozzle. USP1986084606499.
  21. Clifton Robert T. (Houston TX) Cook Woodrow L. (Lake Almanor Peninsula CA). Vertical/short take-off and landing aircraft. USP1989054828203.
  22. Herrick Paul W. (Jupiter FL) Thayer Edward B. (Jupiter FL) Stewart Jim D. (Jupiter FL). Yaw and pitch convergent-divergent thrust vectoring nozzle. USP1989064836451.
  23. Holden Davis C. (Pensacola FL). Yaw and pitch thrust vectoring nozzle. USP1997115687907.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 39

  1. Peters, Christopher J.; Bowers, Daniel R.. Air with integral spring for a gas turbine engine exhaust drive. USP2018039915228.
  2. Vetters, Daniel Kent; Barlow, Andrew. Aircraft vertical lift device. USP2015109156549.
  3. Chen, Li Jing. Aircraft with VTOL technology. USP2013088500061.
  4. Yoeli, Raphael. Apparatus for generating horizontal forces in aerial vehicles and related method. USP2010057717368.
  5. Yoeli, Raphael. Control flows and forces in VTOL vehicles. USP2013078496200.
  6. Campbell, William T.; Losinski, Armand; Fleming, Jonathan. Differential vane vehicle control. USP2013088511602.
  7. Fleming, Jonathan. Ducted fan UAV control alternatives. USP2013018348190.
  8. Yoeli, Raphael. Ducted fan VTOL vehicles. USP2010127857253.
  9. Yoeli, Raphael. Ducted fan VTOL vehicles. USP2010107806362.
  10. Yoeli, Raphael. Ducted fan VTOL vehicles. USP2014018622335.
  11. Yoeli, Raphael. Ducted fan for VTOL vehicles with system and method to reduce roll moments. USP2014118876038.
  12. Yoeli,Rafi. Ducted fan vehicles particularly useful as VTOL aircraft. USP2007107275712.
  13. Parks, Robert. Ducted spinner for engine cooling. USP2009077559191.
  14. Evulet, Andrei. Fluidic propulsive system and thrust and lift generator for aerial vehicles. USP20190210207812.
  15. Yoeli, Raphael. Ground effect vanes arrangement. USP2011098020804.
  16. Parks,Robert. Inbound transition control for a tail-sitting vertical take off and landing aircraft. USP2009037506837.
  17. Carroll, Christian A.. Inlet guide vanes and gas turbine engine systems involving such vanes. USP2016029249736.
  18. Ambrose, David. Lift fan spherical thrust vectoring nozzle. USP2014128910464.
  19. Pesyna, Kenneth M.; Henkle, Jeffrey P.. Mechanism for a vectoring exhaust nozzle. USP2010117836681.
  20. Pesyna, Kenneth M.; Henkle, Jeffrey P.. Mechanism for a vectoring exhaust nozzle. USP2012088245495.
  21. Baker, Von David; Vittal, Baily Ramachandra. Nozzle with an adjustable throat. USP2010097793504.
  22. Baker, Von David; Vittal, Baily Ramachandra. Nozzle with an adjustable throat. USP2014078769959.
  23. Rice, Edward C.. Propulsive force vectoring. USP2018059976514.
  24. Roberts, Steven D.; Damgaard, Jocelyn Charis. Retainer for suspended thermal protection elements in a gas turbine engine. USP2013118572986.
  25. Parks,Robert. System and method for controlling a roll rate of a torsionally-disconnected freewing aircraft. USP2008107441724.
  26. Parks,Robert; Led��,Jean Charles; Drela,Mark. System and method for controlling engine RPM of a ducted fan aircraft. USP2008047364115.
  27. Klingels, Hermann; Klaen, Stephan; Scherer, Christian; Vogel, Uwe. Thrust deflecting device and aircraft engine. USP2017059664141.
  28. Potter,Calvin C.; Evans,Paul S.; Keller,Terry L.. Thrust vector actuation control system and method. USP2007037185857.
  29. Seifert, Jost. Thrust vector control. USP2017119816464.
  30. Fujisawa, Fuminori; Tani, Hiroyuki; Hyuga, Daisuke. Thrust vectoring apparatus and flying object having thrust vectoring apparatus. USP2017059663222.
  31. Yoeli, Raphael. VTOL vehicle with coaxially tilted or tiltable rotors. USP2013018342441.
  32. Clancy, Cathal; Loringer, Daniel Edward; Rodriguez Erdmenger, Rodrigo; Michelassi, Vittorio. Variable geometry nozzle and associated method of operation. USP2016119500122.
  33. Zondervan, Kevin L; Fuller, Jerome K. Vehicle attitude control using jet paddles and/or movable mass. USP2018039919792.
  34. Yoeli, Rafi. Vehicles particularly useful as VTOL vehicles. USP2010097789342.
  35. Yoeli,Rafi. Vehicles particularly useful as VTOL vehicles. USP2007077246769.
  36. Ouellette, Richard P.; Kutzmann, Aaron J.. Vertical takeoff and landing aircraft. USP2005126976654.
  37. Ouellette, Richard P.; Kutzmann, Aaron J.. Vertical takeoff and landing aircraft. USP2005086926231.
  38. Parks, Robert; Ledé, Jean-Charles. Vibration isolation engine mount system and method for ducted fans. USP2011088001764.
  39. Yoeli, Raphael. Wall effects on VTOL vehicles. USP2014098833692.