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특허 상세정보

Energetic plasticizer, and explosive and propellant composition containing same

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C06B-045/10   
미국특허분류(USC) 149/0191; 149/0198; 149/088; 560/264
출원번호 US-0661557 (2000-09-14)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Sullivan Law Group
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 14  인용 특허 : 13
초록

2,2-dinitro-1,3-propanediol-diformate is a novel low sensitivity, energetic plasticizer that is useful in explosive and propellant compositions. 2,2-dinitro-1,3-propanediol-diformate can be made by reacting 2,2-dinitro-1,3-propane diol with acetic formic anhydride in the presence of pyridine and at least one solvent.

대표
청구항

1. 2,2-dinitro-1,3-propanediol-diformate.

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (13)

  1. Sitzmann, Michael E.; Adolph, Horst G.. 2,2-Dinitrobutane-1,4-diol and monoesters. USP1985104546200.
  2. Adolph, Horst G.; Sitzmann, Michael E.. 5-aza-3,3,7,7-tetranitrononane-1,9-diols and method of preparation. USP198607H000078.
  3. Canterberry J B. ; Graham William H.. Energetic nitro malonate polyester binders. USP1998125844165.
  4. Camp Albert T. (Welcome MD) Haiss Hermann S. (Indian Head MD) Mosher Paul R. (Indian Head MD). Energetic plasticizer and improved gas producing charges. USP1993045205983.
  5. Manning Thelma ; Strauss Bernard ; Prezelski Joseph P. ; Moy Sam. High energy TNAZ, nitrocellulose gun propellant. USP1998085798481.
  6. Lund Gary K. (Ogden UT) Highsmith Tom K. (North Ogden UT) Braithwaite Paul C. (Brigham City UT) Wardle Robert B. (Logan UT). Insensitive high performance explosive compositions. USP1996065529649.
  7. Strauss Bernard (Rockaway NJ) Manning Thelma (Montville NJ) Prezelski Joseph P. (Budd Lake NJ) Moy Sam (Parsippany NJ). Multi-layer high energy propellants. USP1997115690868.
  8. Nalepa Christopher J. (Baton Rouge LA). Preparation of alkanediols. USP1984104476332.
  9. Kao Jar-lin (Cherry Hill NJ) Sheng Ming N. (Cherry Hill NJ). Preparation of esters from organic bromo alkyl tellurium compounds. USP1981034258208.
  10. Hamilton R. Scott (Bear River City UT) Wardle Robert B. (Logan UT). Synthesis of bis(2,2-dinitropropyl) formal (BDNPF). USP1995095449835.
  11. Hamilton R. Scott (Bear River City UT) Wardle Robert B. (Logan UT). Synthesis of bis(2,2-dinitropropyl)acetal (BDNPA). USP1997075648556.
  12. Grakauskas Vytautas (Arcadia CA) Garver Lee C. (Pasadena CA) Baum Kurt (Pasadena CA). Synthesis of geminal dinitro compounds. USP1990034910322.
  13. Gilligan William H. (Ft. Washington MD) Stafford Scott L. (Petersburg AK). Unsymmetrical polynitrocarbonates and methods of preparation. USP1982064332744.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 14

  1. Conroy, Paul J.; Garner, James M.; Leveritt, Charles. Article with enhanced resistance to thermochemical erosion, and method for its manufacture. USP2010017650710.
  2. Conroy, Paul J.; Leveritt, Charles S.; Demaree, John D.; Hirvonen, James. Dynamic process for enhancing the wear resistance of ferrous articles. USP2010037669358.
  3. Conroy,Paul J.; Leveritt,Charles S.; Demaree,John D.; Hirvonen,James. Dynamic process for enhancing the wear resistance of ferrous articles. USP2007037191558.
  4. Wang, Deyan; Mikkola, Robert D.; Wu, Chunyi; Barclay, George G.. Leveler compounds. USP2010027662981.
  5. Wang,Deyan; Mikkola,Robert D.; Wu,Chunyi; Barclay,George G.. Leveler compounds. USP2009037510639.
  6. Hinshaw, Jerald C.; Doll, Daniel W.; Blau, Reed J.; Lund, Gary K.. Metal complexes for use as gas generants. USP2015129199886.
  7. Hatch, Robert L.. Method for processing explosives containing 2,4,6,8,10,12-hexanitro-2,4,6,8,10,12-hexaazatetracyclo[5.5.0.05,903,11]-dodecane (CL-20) with naphthenic and paraffinic oils. USP201501RE45318.
  8. McKenney, Jr., Robert L.; Leahy, John F.; Parkin, Spencer T.; Krawietz, Thomas R.. Plasticized, wax-based binder system for melt castable explosives. USP2003116641683.
  9. Hafner, Matthew T.; Balangue, Ruben; Clark, Danny D.; Westbrook, III, John William. Propellant compositions including stabilized red phosphorus and methods of forming same. USP2015129199887.
  10. Hafner, Matthew T.; Balangue, Ruben; Clark, Danny D.; Westbrook, III, John William. Propellant compositions including stabilized red phosphorus, a method of forming same, and an ordnance element including the same. USP2014028641842.
  11. Fawls, Christopher J.; Fields, Joel P.; Wagaman, Kerry L.. Propellants and explosives with flouro-organic additives to improve energy release efficiency. USP2005016843868.
  12. Doll, Daniel W.; Hanks, Jami M.; Highsmith, Thomas K.; Lund, Gary K.; Niles, John B.. Reduced sensitivity melt-cast explosives. USP2003116648998.
  13. Doll,Daniel W.; Hanks,Jami M.; Allred,Alan G.; Niles,John B.. Reduced sensitivity, melt-pourable TNT replacements. USP2006067067024.
  14. Doll, Daniel W.; Hanks, Jami M.; Allred, Alan G.; Niles, John B.. Reduced sensitivity, melt-pourable tritonal replacements. USP2005116964714.