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특허 상세정보

Combined water gas shift reactor/carbon dioxide adsorber for use in a fuel cell system

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C10K-003/02   
미국특허분류(USC) 048/128; 048/062.R; 048/085; 048/127.9; 048/198.3; 422/190; 422/211; 429/017; 429/019; 429/020
출원번호 US-0780079 (2001-02-09)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Brooks, Cary W.Deschere, Linda M.
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 44  인용 특허 : 17
초록

An apparatus removes CO from a hydrogen-rich gas stream in a hydrogen fuel cell system. CO fouls costly catalytic particles in the membrane electrode assemblies. Both a catalyst adapted to perform a water gas shift reaction, and a carbon dioxide adsorbent are disposed in a rotating pressure swing adsorber housing. The adsorption of carbon dioxide shifts equilibrium toward carbon monoxide consumption. A second adsorbent may be disposed in the housing for adsorbing carbon monoxide at low temperatures, and is adapted to desorb carbon monoxide at high temper...

대표
청구항

An apparatus removes CO from a hydrogen-rich gas stream in a hydrogen fuel cell system. CO fouls costly catalytic particles in the membrane electrode assemblies. Both a catalyst adapted to perform a water gas shift reaction, and a carbon dioxide adsorbent are disposed in a rotating pressure swing adsorber housing. The adsorption of carbon dioxide shifts equilibrium toward carbon monoxide consumption. A second adsorbent may be disposed in the housing for adsorbing carbon monoxide at low temperatures, and is adapted to desorb carbon monoxide at high temper...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (17)

  1. Xie Youchang (Beijing CNX) Bu Naiyu (Beijing CNX) Liu Jun (Beijing CNX) Yang Ge (Beijing CNX) Qiu Jianguo (Beijing CNX) Yang Naifang (Beijing CNX) Tang Youchi (Beijing CNX). Adsorbents for use in the separation of carbon monoxide and/or unsaturated hydrocarbons from mixed gases. USP1990044917711.
  2. Fuderer Andrija,BEX. Adsorption process for recovery of solvents. USP1999095958109.
  3. Peng Xiang-Dong (Allentown PA). CO adsorbents with hysteresis. USP1996065529970.
  4. Peng Xiang-Dong (Allentown PA) Pierantozzi Ronald (Orefield PA) Golden Timothy C. (Allentown PA). CO adsorbents with hysteresis. USP1996065529763.
  5. Ward Andrew Mark (Stockton-on-Tees GBX). Catalysts. USP1997085656566.
  6. Tomita Shinji (Hyogo-gen JPX) Muruyama Shuichi (Hyogo-gen JPX) Wagner Marc (Saint-Maur FRX). Device for the separation of elements of a gas mixture by adsorption. USP1997055632807.
  7. Pinto Alwyn (Middlesbrough GB2). Electricity production. USP1987094696871.
  8. Steinwandel Juergen,DEX ; Jehle Walter,DEX ; Wagner Burkhard,DEX ; Staneff Theodor,DEX. Method and apparatus for removing carbon dioxide. USP1999035876486.
  9. Borup Rodney L. ; Skala Glenn W. ; Brundage Mark A. ; LaBarge William J.. Method and apparatus for selective removal of carbon monoxide. USP2000126162558.
  10. Hirai Hidefumi (14-10 ; 1-Chome Yutenji ; Meguro-Ku ; Tokyo JPX) Komiyama Makoto (Tokyo JPX) Wada Keiichiro (Tokyo JPX). Method for separating carbon dioxide from mixed gas. USP1986054587114.
  11. Tsuji Toshiaki (Amagasaki JPX) Shiraki Akira (Amagasaki JPX) Shimono Hiroaki (Amagasaki JPX). Method of producing an adsorbent for separation and recovery of CO. USP1990044914076.
  12. Wagner Matthew Lincoln (White Plains NY) Kirkwood Donald Walter Welsh (Oakville CAX) Kiyonaga Kazuo (Honolulu HI). Oxygen enrichment process for air based gas phase oxidations which use metal oxide redox catalysts. USP1997075646305.
  13. Maurer Richard T. (Nanuet NY) Mitariten Michael J. (Peekskill NY) Weigand Roger J. (Croton On Hudson NY) Whysall Michael (Wilrijk BEX). PSA process for improving the purity of hydrogen gas and recovery of liquefiable hydrocarbons from hydrocarbonaceous eff. USP1994075332492.
  14. Lemcoff Norberto O. ; Fronzoni Mario A. ; Garrett Michael E.,GBX ; Green Brian C.,GBX ; Atkinson Timothy D. ; La Cava Alberto I.. Process and apparatus for gas separation. USP1999045891217.
  15. Sircar Shivaji ; Hufton Jeffrey Raymond ; Nataraj Shankar. Process and apparatus for the production of hydrogen by steam reforming of hydrocarbon. USP2000086103143.
  16. Petit Pierre (Buc FRX) Poteau Michel (Dammartin en Goele FRX) Scudier Jean-Marc (Chatel-Guyon FRX) Vigor Xavier (Viroflay FRX). Rotatable device for the separation by adsorption of at least one constituent of a gaseous mixture. USP1995085441559.
  17. Hirai Hidefumi (Tokyo JPX) Komiyama Makoto (Tokyo JPX) Hara Susumu (Tokyo JPX) Wada Keiichiro (Kiyose JPX). Solid adsorbent for carbon monoxide and process for separation from gas mixture. USP1987094696682.

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  2. Hagemeyer, Alfred; Carhart, Raymond E.; Yaccato, Karin; Lesik, Andreas; Brooks, Christopher James. Alkali-containing catalyst formulations for low and medium temperature hydrogen generation. USP2010037682598.
  3. Gittleman, Craig S.; Pettit, William H.; Voecks, Gerald E.. Carbon monoxide adsorption for carbon monoxide clean-up in a fuel cell system. USP2009047524344.
  4. Gittleman, Craig S.; Pettit, William H.; Voecks, Gerald E.. Carbon monoxide adsorption for carbon monoxide clean-up in a fuel cell system. USP2005116964692.
  5. Hagemeyer,Alfred; Carhart,Raymond E.; Yaccato,Karin; Strasser,Peter; Herrmann,Michael; Grasselli,Robert K.; Brooks,Christopher James; Phillips,Cory Bernard. Catalyst formulations containing Group 11 metals for hydrogen generation. USP2007027179442.
  6. Gittleman,Craig S; Gupta,Ramesh. Combined water gas shift reactor/carbon dioxide adsorber for use in a fuel cell system. USP2008047361199.
  7. Brundage, Mark A; Yu, Taichiang P. Dual function CO clean-up/sorber unit. USP2010037678346.
  8. Keefer, Bowie G.; McLean, Christopher R.; Brown, Michael J.. Electrical current generation system. USP2005076921597.
  9. Keefer,Bowie G.; Connor,Denis J.; Hunter,Carl F.. Energy efficient gas separation for fuel cells. USP2006087087331.
  10. Keefer,Bowie G.; Babicki,Matthew L.; Kirby,Mark H.. Enhanced solid oxide fuel cell systems. USP2007107285350.
  11. Jiang, Zhiping; Gilicinski, Andrew G.; Drake, Javit A.; Bofinger, Anna Maria. Fuel compositions. USP2009057534510.
  12. Jiang, Zhiping; Gilicinski, Andrew G.; Drake, Javit A.; Bofinger, Anna Maria. Fuel compositions. USP2011087989117.
  13. Keefer, Bowie G.; Babicki, Matthew L.; Boulet, Andre Jason Joseph; Pelman, Aaron M.; Sellars, Brian G.; Roy, Surajit. Gas separation by combined pressure swing and displacement purge. USP2005066902602.
  14. Dardas, Zissis; Vanderspurt, Thomas Henry; Gupta, Nikunj; Ghosh, Shubhro; She, Ying. High performance fuel processing system for fuel cell power plant. USP2005086932848.
  15. Iyer, Mahesh V.; Fan, Liang-Shih; Ramkumar, Shwetha. High purity, high pressure hydrogen production with in-situ COand sulfur capture in a single stage reactor. USP2010117837975.
  16. Iyer, Mahesh V.; Fan, Liang-Shih. High temperature COcapture using engineered eggshells: a route to carbon management. USP2010037678351.
  17. Keefer,Bowie G.. High temperature fuel cell power plant. USP2006087097925.
  18. Keefer,Bowie G.; Babicki,Matthew L.. Hydrogen recycle for solid oxide fuel cell. USP2008067387849.
  19. Hensley, Jesse E.. Methods and apparatus for continuous removal of carbon dioxide from a mixture of reacting gases. USP2011098026290.
  20. Hagemeyer,Alfred; Brooks,Christopher James; Carhart,Raymond E.; Yaccato,Karin; Herrmann,Michael. Noble metal-free nickel catalyst formulations for hydrogen generation. USP2007097270798.
  21. Hagemeyer, Alfred; Brooks, Christopher James; Carhart, Raymond E.; Yaccato, Karin; Herrmann, Michael. Noble metal-free nickel containing catalyst formulations for hydrogen generation. USP2009077557063.
  22. Hagemeyer, Alfred; Brooks, Christopher James; Carhart, Raymond E.; Yaccato, Karin; Phillips, Cory Bernard; Strasser, Peter; Grasselli, Robert K.. Platinum and rhodium and/or iron containing catalyst formulations for hydrogen generation. USP2010037687051.
  23. Hagemeyer, Alfred; Carhart, Raymond E.; Yaccato, Karin; Lesik, Andreas; Brooks, Christopher James; Phillips, Cory Bernard. Platinum-alkali/alkaline-earth catalyst formulations for hydrogen generation. USP2010067744849.
  24. Hagemeyer,Alfred; Carhart,Raymond E.; Yaccato,Karin; Herrmann,Michael; Lesik,Andreas; Brooks,Christopher James; Phillips,Cory Bernard. Platinum-free ruthenium-cobalt catalyst formulations for hydrogen generation. USP2007017160534.
  25. Hagemeyer,Alfred; Carhart,Raymond E.; Yaccato,Karin; Herrmann,Michael; Lesik,Andreas; Brooks,Christopher James; Phillips,Cory Bernard. Platinum-free ruthenium-cobalt catalyst formulations for hydrogen generation. USP2009017473667.
  26. Hagemeyer, Alfred; Carhart, Raymond E.; Yaccato, Karin; Strasser, Peter; Grasselli, Robert K.; Brooks, Christopher James; Phillips, Cory Bernard. Platinum-ruthenium containing catalyst formulations for hydrogen generation. USP2011088003565.
  27. Hagemeyer,Alfred; Carhart,Raymond E.; Yaccato,Karin; Strasser,Peter; Grasselli,Robert K.; Brooks,Christopher James; Phillips,Cory Bernard. Platinum-ruthenium containing catalyst formulations for hydrogen generation. USP2007017160533.
  28. Gittleman, Craig S. Rapid startup of fuel processor using water adsorption. USP2004126835219.
  29. Deckman, Harry W.; Kelley, Bruce T.; Thomas, Eugene R.; Chance, Ronald R.; Northrop, Paul S.; Corcoran, Jr., Edward W.. Removal of a target gas from a mixture of gases by swing adsorption with use of a turboexpander. USP2013098529664.
  30. Fan, Liang Shih; Gupta, Himanshu; Iyer, Mahesh V.. Separation of carbon dioxide (CO) from gas mixtures. USP2009117618606.
  31. Fan, Liang-Shih; Gupta, Himanshu; Iyer, Mahesh V.. Separation of carbon dioxide from gas mixtures by calcium based reaction separation. USP2012078226917.
  32. Sawada, James A.; Babicki, Matthew L.; Chiu, Amy; Boulet, Andre; Roy, Surajit; Rode, Edward J.. Separation of carbon dioxide from other gases. USP2010117828877.
  33. Keefer, Bowie G.; McLean, Christopher R.; Brown, Michael J.. System that includes a fuel cell and an oxygen gas delivery system. USP2010077758988.
  34. Chen, Zhen; Ouyang, Xun. Systems and methods for actively controlling steam-to-carbon ratio in hydrogen-producing fuel processing systems. USP2014128920732.
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  40. Adams, Patton M.; Bizjak, Travis A.; Givens, James A.. Systems and methods for supplying auxiliary fuel streams during intermittent byproduct discharge from pressure swing adsorption assemblies. USP2013128617294.
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  42. Keefer, Bowie G.; Sawada, James A.; Johannes, Erik P.; Roy, Surajit; Brown, Michael J.. Systems and processes for providing hydrogen to fuel cells. USP2010037674539.
  43. Givens, James A.. Temperature-based breakthrough detection and pressure swing adsorption systems and fuel processing systems including the same. USP2010117833311.
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