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특허 상세정보

Carbon monoxide adsorption for carbon monoxide clean-up in a fuel cell system

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C10K-003/04   
미국특허분류(USC) 048/128; 048/127.9; 048/075; 048/102.R; 048/094; 048/107; 048/095; 048/119; 422/190; 422/191; 422/193; 422/194; 422/209; 422/211; 422/222; 422/223; 429/017; 429/019; 429/020
출원번호 US-0780184 (2001-02-09)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Harness, Dickey &
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 13  인용 특허 : 18
초록

An apparatus removes carbon monoxide (CO) from a hydrogen-rich gas stream in a hydrogen fuel cell system. CO fouls costly catalytic particles in the membrane electrode assemblies of proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells. A vessel houses a carbon monoxide adsorbent. The vessel may be a rotating pressure swing adsorber. A water gas shift reactor is upstream of the rotating pressure swing adsorber. The water gas shift reactor may include a second adsorbent adapted to adsorb carbon monoxide at low temperatures and to desorb carbon monoxide at high temper...

대표
청구항

1. A system comprising a non-rotating shift reactor including a reaction region having an inlet and an outlet, a water gas shift catalyst disposed within said reaction region and extending to said outlet and a carbon monoxide adsorbent disposed within said region between said inlet and said outlet, wherein said shift reactor is adapted to receive a gas stream containing hydrogen and carbon monoxide from an upstream reactor, and wherein said adsorbent is active to adsorb carbon monoxide at substantially ambient temperature and pressure conditions and to d...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (18)

  1. Xie Youchang (Beijing CNX) Bu Naiyu (Beijing CNX) Liu Jun (Beijing CNX) Yang Ge (Beijing CNX) Qiu Jianguo (Beijing CNX) Yang Naifang (Beijing CNX) Tang Youchi (Beijing CNX). Adsorbents for use in the separation of carbon monoxide and/or unsaturated hydrocarbons from mixed gases. USP1990044917711.
  2. Fuderer Andrija,BEX. Adsorption process for recovery of solvents. USP1999095958109.
  3. Peng Xiang-Dong (Allentown PA). CO adsorbents with hysteresis. USP1996065529970.
  4. Peng Xiang-Dong (Allentown PA) Pierantozzi Ronald (Orefield PA) Golden Timothy C. (Allentown PA). CO adsorbents with hysteresis. USP1996065529763.
  5. Bellows Richard J. (Hampton NJ) Robbins John L. (Stockton NJ). Carbon monoxide removal method based on adsorption/steam desorption cycle. USP1997025604047.
  6. Gittleman, Craig S.; Gupta, Ramesh. Combined water gas shift reactor/carbon dioxide adsorber for use in a fuel cell system. USP2004026692545.
  7. Tomita Shinji (Hyogo-gen JPX) Muruyama Shuichi (Hyogo-gen JPX) Wagner Marc (Saint-Maur FRX). Device for the separation of elements of a gas mixture by adsorption. USP1997055632807.
  8. Krishnamurthy Ramachandran (Piscataway NJ). Hydrogen and carbon monoxide production by hydrocarbon steam reforming and pressure swing adsorption purification. USP1992035096470.
  9. Hufton Jeffrey Raymond ; Sircar Shivaji ; Baade William Frederick ; Abrardo Joseph Michael ; Anand Madhu. Integrated steam methane reforming process for producing carbon monoxide. USP2001126328945.
  10. Steinwandel Juergen,DEX ; Jehle Walter,DEX ; Wagner Burkhard,DEX ; Staneff Theodor,DEX. Method and apparatus for removing carbon dioxide. USP1999035876486.
  11. Borup Rodney L. ; Skala Glenn W. ; Brundage Mark A. ; LaBarge William J.. Method and apparatus for selective removal of carbon monoxide. USP2000126162558.
  12. Bomard Olivier,FRX ; Jutard Jerome,FRX ; Moreau Serge,FRX ; Vigor Xavier,FRX. Method for purifying hydrogen based gas mixture using a lithium- exchanged X zeolite. USP1999065912422.
  13. Hirai Hidefumi (14-10 ; 1-Chome Yutenji ; Meguro-Ku ; Tokyo JPX) Komiyama Makoto (Tokyo JPX) Wada Keiichiro (Tokyo JPX). Method for separating carbon dioxide from mixed gas. USP1986054587114.
  14. Wagner Matthew Lincoln (White Plains NY) Kirkwood Donald Walter Welsh (Oakville CAX) Kiyonaga Kazuo (Honolulu HI). Oxygen enrichment process for air based gas phase oxidations which use metal oxide redox catalysts. USP1997075646305.
  15. Lemcoff Norberto O. ; Fronzoni Mario A. ; Garrett Michael E.,GBX ; Green Brian C.,GBX ; Atkinson Timothy D. ; La Cava Alberto I.. Process and apparatus for gas separation. USP1999045891217.
  16. Sircar Shivaji ; Hufton Jeffrey Raymond ; Nataraj Shankar. Process and apparatus for the production of hydrogen by steam reforming of hydrocarbon. USP2000086103143.
  17. Petit Pierre (Buc FRX) Poteau Michel (Dammartin en Goele FRX) Scudier Jean-Marc (Chatel-Guyon FRX) Vigor Xavier (Viroflay FRX). Rotatable device for the separation by adsorption of at least one constituent of a gaseous mixture. USP1995085441559.
  18. Hirai Hidefumi (Tokyo JPX) Komiyama Makoto (Tokyo JPX) Hara Susumu (Tokyo JPX) Wada Keiichiro (Kiyose JPX). Solid adsorbent for carbon monoxide and process for separation from gas mixture. USP1987094696682.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 13

  1. Brundage, Mark A; Yu, Taichiang P. Dual function CO clean-up/sorber unit. USP2010037678346.
  2. Dickman, Anthony J.; Edlund, David J.; Pledger, William A.. Fuel processor feedstock delivery system. USP2010037682718.
  3. Gittleman,Craig S.; Ruhl,John B.; Zhang,Yan; Pettit,William H.. Fuel processor module for hydrogen production for a fuel cell engine using pressure swing adsorption. USP2007107276095.
  4. Meirav, Udi. Method and system for improve-efficiency air-conditioning. USP20181010086324.
  5. Reyes, Sebastian C.; Deckman, Harry W.; Chance, Ronald R.; DeMartin, Gregory J.; Hershkowitz, Frank; Thomas, Eugene R.; Northrop, Paul S.; Kelley, Bruce T.; Corcoran, Jr., Edward W.. Process for removing a target gas from a mixture of gases by swing adsorption. USP2013098529663.
  6. Chance, Ronald R.; Reyes, Sebastian C.; Deckman, Harry W.; DeMartin, Gregory J.; Kelley, Bruce T.; Northrop, Paul S.; Thomas, Eugene R.. Removal of CO2, N2, and H2S from gas mixtures containing same. USP2013108545602.
  7. Deckman, Harry W.; Chance, Ronald R.; Reyes, Sebastian C.; DeMartin, Gregory J.; Thomas, Eugene R.; Northrop, Paul S.; Kelley, Bruce T.; Corcoran, Jr., Edward W.. Removal of CO2, N2, or H2S from gas mixtures by swing adsorption with low mesoporosity adsorbent contactors. USP2013058444750.
  8. Deckman, Harry W.; Kelley, Bruce T.; Thomas, Eugene R.; Chance, Ronald R.; Northrop, Paul S.; Corcoran, Jr., Edward W.. Removal of a target gas from a mixture of gases by swing adsorption with use of a turboexpander. USP2013098529664.
  9. Kelley, Bruce T.; Northrop, Paul S.; Chance, Ronald R.; Deckman, Harry W.; Corcoran, Jr., Edward W.; Thomas, Eugene R.. Removal of heavy hydrocarbons from gas mixtures containing heavy hydrocarbons and methane. USP2013098529662.
  10. Edlund, David J.; Elliott, Darrell J.; Hayes, Alan E.; Pledger, William A.; Renn, Curtiss; Stephens, Redwood; Studebaker, R. Todd. Steam reforming fuel processor, burner assembly, and methods of operating the same. USP2014048696772.
  11. Edlund, David J.; Elliott, Darrell J.; Hayes, Alan E.; Pledger, William A.; Renn, Curtiss; Stephens, Redwood; Studebaker, R. Todd. Steam reforming fuel processor, burner assembly, and methods of operating the same. USP2010117828864.
  12. Edlund, David J.; Elliott, Darrell J.; Hayes, Alan E.; Pledger, William A.; Renn, Curtiss; Stephens, Redwood; Studebaker, R. Todd. Steam reforming fuel processor, burner assembly, and methods of operating the same. USP2011077981172.
  13. Meirav, Udi; Biran, Israel. Systems and methods for efficient heating of sorbents in an indoor air scrubber. USP2018039919257.