$\require{mediawiki-texvc}$
  • 검색어에 아래의 연산자를 사용하시면 더 정확한 검색결과를 얻을 수 있습니다.
  • 검색연산자
검색연산자 기능 검색시 예
() 우선순위가 가장 높은 연산자 예1) (나노 (기계 | machine))
공백 두 개의 검색어(식)을 모두 포함하고 있는 문서 검색 예1) (나노 기계)
예2) 나노 장영실
| 두 개의 검색어(식) 중 하나 이상 포함하고 있는 문서 검색 예1) (줄기세포 | 면역)
예2) 줄기세포 | 장영실
! NOT 이후에 있는 검색어가 포함된 문서는 제외 예1) (황금 !백금)
예2) !image
* 검색어의 *란에 0개 이상의 임의의 문자가 포함된 문서 검색 예) semi*
"" 따옴표 내의 구문과 완전히 일치하는 문서만 검색 예) "Transform and Quantization"

특허 상세정보

Fuel cell power system and method of controlling a fuel cell power system

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) H01M-016/00    H01M-008/04   
미국특허분류(USC) 429/009; 429/013; 429/023
출원번호 US-0830929 (2004-04-22)
등록번호 US-7326480 (2008-02-05)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Wells St. John P.S.
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 13  인용 특허 : 227
초록

A fuel cell power system includes a fuel cell which has an optimal voltage; an energy storage device having a nominal voltage substantially similar to the optimal voltage of the fuel cell; and an electrical switch that, in operation, selectively electrically couples the fuel cell and the energy storage device to charge the energy storage device. A method includes providing a fuel cell having a nominal voltage; providing an energy storage device having a nominal voltage which is substantially similar to the nominal voltage of the fuel cell and electricall...

대표
청구항

I claim: 1. A fuel cell power system comprising: a fuel cell which has an optimal voltage; an energy storage device having a nominal voltage substantially similar to the optimal voltage of the fuel cell; and an electrical switch that, in operation, selectively electrically couples the fuel cell to the energy storage device to charge the energy storage device. 2. A fuel cell power system as claimed in claim 1, and further comprising a plurality of additional fuel cells respectively having optimal voltages substantially similar to the optimal voltage o...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (227)

  1. Ludwig Frank A. (Rancho Palos Verdes CA). Acid-base concentration cell for electric power generation. USP1994045304430.
  2. Sansone Michael J. (Berkeley Heights NJ) Onorato Frank J. (Phillipsburg NJ) Ogata Naoya (Tokyo JPX). Acid-modified polybenzimidazole fuel cell elements. USP1997025599639.
  3. Seike Shoji (Nagoya JPX) Yamada Hirotake (Nagoya JPX). Air electrode and solid electrolyte fuel cell having the same. USP1994055308712.
  4. Ruka, Roswell J.. Air electrode material for high temperature electrochemical cells. USP1985124562124.
  5. Golovin M. Neal (Owings Mills MD) Chaloner-Gill Benjamin M. (Santa Clara CA). Allyl polyelectrolytes. USP1994105358620.
  6. Minh Nguyen Q. (Fountain Valley CA) Horne Craig R. (Redondo Beach CA). Apparatus and method of fabricating a monolithic solid oxide fuel cell. USP1992115162167.
  7. Palmer Ian (Cumbria GBX) Seymour Clive M. (Cumbria GBX) Dams Robert A. J. (West Sussex GBX). Application of fuel cells to power generation systems. USP1995035401589.
  8. Surampudi Subbarao (Glendora CA) Narayanan Sekharipuram R. (Altadena CA) Vamos Eugene (La Canada CA) Frank Harvey A. (Encino CA) Halpert Gerald (Pasadena CA) Olah George A. (Beverly Hills CA) Prakash. Aqueous liquid feed organic fuel cell using solid polymer electrolyte membrane. USP1997025599638.
  9. Zaima Nobuyuki (Yokohama JPX) Hirata Tetsuya (Tokyo JPX) Hotta Minoru (Yokohama JPX). Arrangement for tightening stack of fuel cell elements. USP1990114973531.
  10. Sterzel Hans-Josef (Dannstadt-Schauernheim DEX). Batteries comprising high energy and power density methanol/air fuel cells. USP1988094769296.
  11. Kuriakose Areekattuthazhayil K. (Napean CAX) Wheat Thomas A. (Ottawa CAX) Ahmad Aftab (Gloucester CAX) Canaday Jon D. (Dunrobin CAX) Hanson Albert J. (Ottawa CAX). Bonded hydrogen conducting solid electrolytes. USP1988024724191.
  12. Kaun Thomas D. (320 Willow St. New Lenox IL 60451). Cell structure for electrochemical devices and method of making same. USP1993065219673.
  13. Soma Takao (Nishikamo JPX) Kawasaki Shinji (Nagoya JPX) Yoshioka Katsuki (Nagoya JPX). Cell units for solid oxide fuel cells and power generators using such cell units. USP1994035292599.
  14. Clark Douglas J. (Ontario CA) Galica Leo M. (Mira Loma CA) Losey Robert W. (Lancaster CA) Suitor Jerry W. (El Toro CA). Ceramic distribution members for solid state electrolyte cells and method of producing. USP1993025186806.
  15. Maskalick Nicholas J. (Pittsburgh PA). Cermet electrode. USP1988084767518.
  16. Perry ; Jr. John H. (Riviera Beach) Person Abraham (Palm Beach Shores) Misiaszek Steven M. (Tequsta) Alessi ; Jr. Donald P. (Lake Park FL). Closed loop reactant/product management system for electrochemical galvanic energy device. USP1993035192627.
  17. Perry ; Jr. John H. (Riviera Beach FL) Person Abraham (Palm Beach Shores FL) Misiaszek Steven M. (Tequesta FL) Alessi ; Jr. Donald P. (Lake Park FL). Closed loop reactant/product management system for electrochemical galvanic energy devices. USP1991095047298.
  18. Perry ; Jr. John H. (Riviera Beach FL) Person Abraham (Palm Beach Shores FL) Misiaszek Steven M. (Tequsta FL) Alessi ; Jr. Donald P. (Lake Park FL). Closed loop reactant/product management system for electrochemical galvanic energy devices. USP1994055316869.
  19. Dyer Christopher K. (Chatham NJ). Compact fuel cell and continuous process for making the cell. USP1991014988582.
  20. Hsu Michael S. (Roundhill Rd. Lincoln MA 01773). Compact, light-weight, solid-oxide electrochemical converter. USP1986124629537.
  21. Grasso Albert P. ; Martin Ronald G. ; Roche Robert P.. Composite article. USP1998035726105.
  22. Vanderborgh Nicholas E. (Los Alamos NM) Huff James R. (Los Alamos NM) Leddy Johna (Flushing NY). Composite electrode for use in electrochemical cells. USP1989024804592.
  23. Badwal Sukhvinder P. S. (Mulgrave AUX). Composite electrodes for use in solid electrolyte devices. USP1991085037525.
  24. Plowman Keith R. (Lake Jackson TX) Rehg Timothy J. (Lake Jackson TX) Davis Larry W. (West Columbia TX) Carl William P. (Marble Falls TX) Cisar Alan J. (Cypress TX) Eastland Charles S. (West Columbia . Composite fuel cell membranes. USP1997085654109.
  25. Prince Lawrence S. (Long Beach CA) Higley Lin R. (Laguna Hills CA). Composite ion-conductive electrolyte member. USP1991105059497.
  26. Kendall Kevin (Runcorn GB2). Composite membrarnes and electrochemical cells containing them. USP1993035190834.
  27. Maston Valerie A. ; Smith Raymond M. ; Grubb Paul A. ; Malinowski Theodore S. ; VanDine Leslie L. ; Sederquist Richard A.. Control system and method for controlling a gas generating system. USP2000046051192.
  28. Yamada Makoto (Katano JPX) Tsukamoto Kazuyoshi (Osaka JPX). Controller for fuel cell power system. USP1987064670702.
  29. Li Yang (Troy MI) Meng Wen-Jin (Okemos MI) Swathirajan Swathy (West Bloomfield MI) Harris Stephen J. (Bloomfield MI) Doll Gary L. (Orion Township ; Oakland County MI). Corrosion resistant PEM fuel cell. USP1997045624769.
  30. Balachandran Uthamalingam (Hinsdale IL) Poeppel Roger B. (Glen Ellyn IL) Kleefisch Mark S. (Naperville IL) Kobylinski Thaddeus P. (Lisle IL) Udovich Carl A. (Joliet IL). Cross-flow electrochemical reactor cells, cross-flow reactors, and use of cross-flow reactors for oxidation reactions. USP1994105356728.
  31. Kobayashi Shozo (Nagaokakyo JPX) Shiratori Akira (Nagaokakyo JPX) Takagi Hiroshi (Nagaokakyo JPX) Sakabe Yukio (Nagaokakyo JPX). Distributor for a solid oxide fuel cell and manufacturing process thereof. USP1994105354626.
  32. Draper Robert (Churchill Boro PA) Zymboly Gregory E. (Murrysville PA). Double interconnection fuel cell array. USP1993125273838.
  33. Goller Glen J. (West Springfield MA) Salonia Joseph R. (Middletown CT). Dry floc method for making an electrochemical cell electrode. USP1981094287232.
  34. Washington Kirk B.,CAX ; Kenna John T.,CAX ; James Greg A.,CAX ; Ramji Shiraz N.,CAX. Edge manifold assembly for an electrochemical fuel cell stack. USP1998055750281.
  35. Lindstrom Robert W. (Reading MA). Electrocatalytic gas diffusion electrode employing thin carbon cloth layer. USP1987034647359.
  36. Door Robert D. (Clute TX) Eisman Glenn A. (Midland MI). Electrochemical cell having an electrode containing a carbon fiber paper coated with catalytic metal particles. USP1995035395705.
  37. Kawasaki Shinji,JPX ; Okumura Kiyoshi,JPX. Electrochemical cell having gas flow channels surrounded by solid electrolyte and interconnecter. USP2000026025084.
  38. Maru Hansraj C. (Brookfield Center CT). Electrochemical cell operation and system. USP1980034192906.
  39. Bloomfield David P. ; Banerjee Shoibal ; Polevaya Olga Y. ; Ferris James J.. Electrochemical cell system with side-by-side arrangement of cells. USP1999115989741.
  40. Dufner Bryan Franz ; Breault Richard David. Electrochemical cell with a porous support plate. USP2000026024848.
  41. Worrell Wayne (Narberth PA) Davies Peter K. (Yardley PA). Electrochemical devices based on single-component solid oxide bodies. USP1994035298235.
  42. Fletcher Nicholas J. (Vancouver CAX) Lamont Gordon J. (Vancouver CAX) Basura Vesna (Burnaby CAX) Voss Henry H. (West Vancouver CAX) Wilkinson David P. (North Vancouver CAX). Electrochemical fuel cell employing ambient air as the oxidant and coolant. USP1995115470671.
  43. Wozniczka Boguslaw,CAX ; Fletcher Nicholas J.,CAX ; Gibb Peter R.,CAX. Electrochemical fuel cell stack with compression bands. USP1999115993987.
  44. Wozniczka Boguslaw,CAX ; Fletcher Nicholas J.,CAX ; Gibb Peter R.,CAX. Electrochemical fuel cell stack with compression bands. USP1998085789091.
  45. Wilkinson David P.,CAX ; Voss Henry H.,CAX ; Fletcher Nicholas J.,CAX ; Johnson Mark C. ; Pow Eric G.,CAX. Electrochemical fuel cell stack with concurrent flow of coolant and oxidant streams and countercurrent flow of fuel and. USP1998065773160.
  46. Chow Clarence Y. (Vancouver CAX) Wozniczka Boguslav M. (Coquitlam CAX). Electrochemical fuel cell stack with humidification section located upstream from the electrochemically active section. USP1995015382478.
  47. Raistrick Ian D. (Los Alamos NM). Electrode assembly for use in a solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell. USP1989104876115.
  48. Grevstad Paul E. (West Hartford CT). Electrolyte reservoir for a fuel cell. USP1977074035551.
  49. Van Den Berghe ; Paul ; Tannenberger ; Helmut. Electrolyte-cathode assembly for a fuel cell. USP1978124130693.
  50. Van den Berghe Paul (43 Cours Sablon 63000 Clermont-Ferrand FRX) Tannenberger Helmut (La Villette 218 1451 Le Chateau de Ste Croix CHX). Electrolyte-cathode assembly for a fuel cell. USP1979024142024.
  51. Yoshida Shizuyasu (Kawasaki JPX) Shimizu Hitoshi (Kawasaki JPX) Maruyama Shin\ichi (Kawasaki JPX). Electrolyte/electrode assembly for a solid electrolyte fuel cell. USP1992065122425.
  52. Townsend Carl W. (Los Angeles CA) Naselow Arthur B. (Los Angeles CA) Kindler Andrew (San Marino CA). Enhanced membrane-electrode interface. USP1993115266421.
  53. Kotchick David M. (San Pedro CA). Fabrication of ceramic trilayers for a monolithic solid oxide fuel cell. USP1989034816036.
  54. Takeuchi Seiji (Hitachiohta JPX) Ebara Katsuya (Mito JPX) Kamo Tomoichi (Ibaraki JPX) Iwamoto Kazuo (Hitachi JPX) Horiba Tatsuo (Hitachi JPX) Kumagai Teruo (Hitachi JPX) Tamura Kouki (Hitachi JPX) Ki. Flexible, water-repellent baked carbon plate, its production, fuel cell electrode, fuel cell electrode plate and its pro. USP1990014894355.
  55. Claar Terry D. (Tisle IL) Busch Donald E. (Hinsdale IL) Picciolo John J. (Lockport IL). Formation of thin walled ceramic solid oxide fuel cells. USP1989114883497.
  56. Akagi Kosuke (Ikoma JPX). Fuel cell. USP1994025286579.
  57. Akagi Kousuke (Osaka JPX). Fuel cell. USP1991095049459.
  58. Fujita Kazunori (Ibaraki JPX) Tamura Kohki (Hitachi JPX) Kawana Hidejiro (Hitachi JPX) Iwamoto Kazuo (Hitachi JPX) Horiba Tatsuo (Hitachi JPX). Fuel cell. USP1984104478917.
  59. Gardner Frederick J. (Derby GB2). Fuel cell. USP1994105358799.
  60. Nishida Koji (Anjo JPX) Yamada Daisuke (Toyota JPX) Matsutani Taku (Ooshima JPX). Fuel cell. USP1997115686197.
  61. Yamada Shuji (Yokohama JPX) Kanda Motoya (Yokohama JPX) Yamamoto Masao (Tokyo JPX) Suzuki Nobukazu (Tokyo JPX) Kanazawa Yoshiko (Yokohama JPX) Hongu Akinori (Fujisawa JPX) Kondou Yuu (Yokohama JPX) U. Fuel cell. USP1994115364711.
  62. Hegedus Louis (Rockville MD) Vayenas Costas G. (Cambridge MA) Michaels James N. (Cambridge MA). Fuel cell and method for conducting gas-phase oxidation. USP1984074463065.
  63. Fuglevand William A. ; DeVries Peter D. ; Lloyd Greg A. ; Lott David R. ; Scartozzi John P.. Fuel cell and method for controlling same. USP2000086096449.
  64. Suzuki Nobukazu (Tokyo JPX). Fuel cell and method for producing an electrode used therefor. USP1994095346780.
  65. Hauer Karl-Heinz,DEX. Fuel cell arrangement having a methanol reformer with an energy storage unit and method for controlling the energy flow of the fuel cell arrangement. USP2001046214484.
  66. Jones Daniel O.. Fuel cell assembly unit for promoting fluid service and electrical conductivity. USP1999126007933.
  67. Reiser Carl A. (Glastonbury CT). Fuel cell cooling system. USP1976063964930.
  68. Grevstad Paul E. (West Hartford CT) Gelting Raymond L. (Manchester CT). Fuel cell cooling system using a non-dielectric coolant. USP1976073969145.
  69. Struthers Ralph C. (39503 Calle El Fuente Saugus CA 91350). Fuel cell electrolyte supply system and apparatus. USP1985044510211.
  70. Cohen Ronald (West Hartford CT). Fuel cell evaporative cooling using fuel as a carrier gas. USP1991024994331.
  71. Isenberg Arnold O. (Pittsburgh PA). Fuel cell generator containing self-supporting high gas flow solid oxide electrolyte fuel cells. USP1988034728584.
  72. Richards William R. (Springfield VA). Fuel cell having uniform compressive stress distribution over active area. USP1996085547777.
  73. Binder Michael ; Gilman Sol ; Mammone Robert J.. Fuel cell including a single sheet of a polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM), the PEM being divided into regions of varyin. USP1998075783324.
  74. Werth John. Fuel cell or a partial oxidation reactor or a heat engine and an oxygen-enriching device and method therefor. USP1999075925322.
  75. Spear ; Jr. Reginald G. ; Mueggenburg H. Harry ; Hodge Rex. Fuel cell platelet separators having coordinate features. USP2000046051331.
  76. Sederquist Richard A. ; Szydlowski Donald F. ; Corrigan Thomas J. ; Bonk Stanley P.. Fuel cell power plant furnace. USP1999085931658.
  77. Okamoto Takafumi (Wako JPX) Tanaka Manabu (Wako JPX) Baba Ichiro (Wako JPX) Kato Hideo (Wako JPX) Kawagoe Norimasa (Wako JPX). Fuel cell stack and method of pressing together the same. USP1995055419980.
  78. Okamoto Takafumi (Wako JPX) Tanaka Manabu (Wako JPX) Baba Ichiro (Wako JPX) Kato Hideo (Wako JPX) Kawagoe Norimasa (Wako JPX). Fuel cell stack and method of pressing together the same. USP1996075534362.
  79. Chouinard Jean-Guy,CAX ; Roberge Raymond,CAX ; Ross Guy,CAX. Fuel cell stand-by energy supply system. USP2000026028414.
  80. Iwase Masayoshi,JPX. Fuel cell system capable of reducing electric power loss. USP2001076255008.
  81. Kothmann Richard E. (Churchill Borough PA) Cyphers Joseph A. (Pittsburgh PA). Fuel cell system configurations. USP1981064276355.
  82. Kumar Romesh (Naperville IL) Ahmed Shabbir (Evanston IL) Krumpelt Michael (Naperville IL) Myles Kevin M. (Downers Grove IL). Fuel cell system for transportation applications. USP1993095248566.
  83. Vanderborgh Nicholas E. (Los Alamos NM) Hedstrom James C. (Los Alamos NM). Fuel cell water transport. USP1990114973530.
  84. Kelley Ronald J. ; Pratt Steven D. ; Arledge John K. ; Muthuswamy Sivakumar ; Davis James L.. Fuel cell with integral fuel storage. USP2000066080501.
  85. Baker Bernard S. (Brookfield Center CT) Camp Ralph N. (Waltham MA). Fuel cell-secondary cell combination. USP1976124000003.
  86. Spear ; Jr. Reginald G. ; Mueggenberg H. Harry ; Hodge Rex. Fuel cells employing integrated fluid management platelet technology. USP1999015858567.
  87. Croset Michel (Paris FRX) Velasco Gonzalo (Paris FRX). Galvanic cell for the electrochemical production or storage of electrical energy. USP1979124178418.
  88. Serpico Joseph M. (East Greenbush NY) Ehrenberg Scott G. (Fishkill NY) Wnek Gary E. (Latham NY) Tangredi Timothy N. (Palm Harbor FL). Gas diffusion electrode. USP1997105677074.
  89. Cabasso Israel ; Yuan Youxin ; Xu Xiao. Gas diffusion electrodes based on poly(vinylidene fluoride) carbon blends. USP1998075783325.
  90. Erickson Donald C. (Annapolis MD). Gas generator and enhanced energy conversion systems. USP1976083975913.
  91. Reddy N. R. K. Vilambi (Andover MA) Taylor Earl J. (Chelmsford MA). Generation of electricity with fuel cell using alcohol fuel. USP1992075132193.
  92. McElroy James F. (Suffield CT). High power density evaporatively cooled ion exchange membrane fuel cell. USP1989014795683.
  93. Rossing Barry R. (Churchill PA) Zymboly Gregory E. (Penn Hills PA). High strength porous support tubes for high temperature solid electrolyte electrochemical cells. USP1986074598028.
  94. Reddy N. R. K. Vilambi (Salem NH) Anderson Everett B. (Reading MA) Taylor Earl J. (Chelmsford MA). High utilization supported catalytic metal-containing gas-diffusion electrode, process for making it, and cells utilizin. USP1992015084144.
  95. Hash Mark C. (Joliet IL) Bloom Ira D. (Bolingbrook IL). Highly conductive electrolyte composites containing glass and ceramic, and method of manufacture. USP1992105154987.
  96. Thomas George ; Fernandez Jose M. ; More Georgina. Hybrid energy storage system. USP1999065916699.
  97. Tajima Osamu (Hyogo JPX) Sumi Shingo (Osaka JPX) Shindo Koji (Osaka JPX) Yamamoto Satoshi (Osaka JPX) Yoneda Fumiiki (Osaka JPX). Hybrid fuel battery system and the operation method thereof. USP1994085334463.
  98. Kaufman Arthur (West Orange NJ 07052). Hydrogen power cell. USP1994035292600.
  99. Dodge ; Jr. Cleveland E. (P.O. Box 178 Hoosick Falls NY 12090). Hydrogen powered electricity generating planar member. USP1994085336570.
  100. Polak Anthony J. (Lake Zurich IL) Petty-Weeks Sandra (Naperville IL). Hydrogen separation and electricity generation using novel electrolyte membrane. USP1989014797185.
  101. Young Ping (Hoffman Estates IL) Polak Anthony J. (Lake Zurich IL). Hydrogen separation and electricity generation using novel three-component membrane. USP1989014795536.
  102. Kaufman Arthur ; Terry Peter L.. Hydrogen-air fuel cell. USP1998075776625.
  103. Molter Trent M. (Enfield CT) LaConti Anthony B. (Lynnfield MA). Hydrogen/halogen fuel cell with improved water management system. USP1989044818637.
  104. Marchetti George A.. Hydrophillic graphite fuel cell electrode for use with an ionomer membrane fuel cell. USP1999025869202.
  105. Watkins David S. (Coquitlam) Dircks Kenneth W. (North Vancouver) Epp Danny G. (Tsawwassen) Merritt Robert D. (Vancouver) Gorbell Brian N. (Vancouver CAX). Integrated fuel cell power generation system. USP1993045200278.
  106. Chow Clarence Y.,CAX ; Wozniczka Boguslaw,CAX ; Chan John Ka Ki,CAX. Integrated reactant and coolant fluid flow field layer for an electrochemical fuel cell. USP1998095804326.
  107. Yoshimura Takayoshi (Kurobe JPX) Sato Masaki (Ichikawa JPX) Arai Toshio (Toyama JPX). Interconnection material for solid oxide fuel cell. USP1994015279906.
  108. Riley, Brian. Internal cross-anchoring and reinforcing of multi-layer conductive oxides. USP1991075035961.
  109. Beal Daniel W. (East Hartford CT) Breault Richard D. (Coventry CT). Internally cooled proton exchange membrane fuel cell device. USP1993115262249.
  110. Aldhart Otto J. (Fair Lawn NJ) Rosso ; Jr Matthew J. (Ringwood NJ). Ion exchange fuel cell assembly with improved water and thermal management. USP1989054826741.
  111. William A. Fuglevand ; Peter D. DeVries ; Glen Alden Lloyd ; David R. Lott ; John P. Scartozzi. Ion exchange membrane fuel cell. USP2002106468682.
  112. Eisman Glenn A. (Midland MI) Door Robert D. (Clute TX). Ion exchange membrane having increased efficiency in proton exchange processes. USP1992115164060.
  113. Noaki Yasuhide (Nobeoka JPX) Okamoto Saburo (Higashiusuki JPX). Ion exchange membrane used for a fuel cell. USP1995095449697.
  114. Eisman Glenn A. (Midland MI) Door Robert D. (Clute TX). Ion exchange membrane/electrode assembly having increased efficiency in proton exchange processes. USP1994045302269.
  115. Krumpelt Michael (Naperville IL) Bloom Ira D. (Bolingbrook IL) Pullockaran Jose D. (Hanover Park IL) Myles Kevin M. (Downers Grove IL). Ionic conductors for solid oxide fuel cells. USP1993085232794.
  116. Peck Robert L. (Lebanon CT). Ionic semiconductor materials and applications thereof. USP1989014797190.
  117. Jensen, Russell R.. Layered method of electrode for solid oxide electrochemical cells. USP1991075035962.
  118. Wilkinson David P. (North Vancouver CAX) Voss Henry H. (North Vancouver CAX) Prater Keith B. (Vancouver CAX). Lightweight fuel cell membrane electrode assembly with integral reactant flow passages. USP1993105252410.
  119. Maskalick Nichols J. (Pittsburgh PA) Folser George R. (Lower Burrell PA). Low resistance fuel electrodes. USP1989074847172.
  120. Okuyama Ryoichi (Takatsuki JPX) Nomura Eiichi (Takatsuki JPX). Manufacturing method for solid-electrolyte fuel cell. USP1994035290323.
  121. Fuller Thomas F. ; Margiott Paul R. ; Van Dine Leslie L.. Mass and heat recovery system for a fuel cell power plant. USP1999126007931.
  122. Lemoine Joseph (Friedrichshafen DEX). Material for the conduction of protons and method of making the same. USP1991014985315.
  123. Greiner Horst (Forchheim DEX) Eck Ralf (Reutte ATX) Kneringer Gnter (Reutte ATX) Kck Wolfgang (Reutte ATX). Material for the metal components of high-temperature fuel cell systems. USP1995045407758.
  124. Grot Walther G. (Chadds Ford PA) Banerjee Shoibal (Newark DE). Membrane and electrode structure. USP1994075330860.
  125. Wilson Mahlon S. (Los Alamos NM). Membrane catalyst layer for fuel cells. USP1993085234777.
  126. Swathirajan Sundararajan (Troy MI) Mikhail Youssef M. (Sterling Heights MI). Membrane-electrode assemblies for electrochemical cells. USP1993125272017.
  127. Kosek John A. (Danvers MA) Cropley Cecelia C. (Acton MA) Laconti Anthony B. (Lynnfield MA). Membrane-electrode assembly for a direct methanol fuel cell. USP1996065523177.
  128. Fletcher Nicholas J.,CAX ; Boehm Gustav A.,DEX ; Pow Eric G.,CAX. Method and apparatus for commencing operation of a fuel cell electric power generation system below the freezing temper. USP1998085798186.
  129. Chow Clarence Y. F.,CAX ; Chan John Ka Ki,CAX ; Corless Adrian James,CAX. Method and apparatus for distributing water to an ion-exchange membrane in a fuel cell. USP1999085935726.
  130. Levy Alexander H. (Bloomfield CT) Lipman Kenneth (West Hartford CT). Method and apparatus for operating a fuel cell in combination with an electrochemical cell to produce a chemical product. USP1988104778579.
  131. Wilkinson David P.,CAX ; Johnson Mark C. ; Colbow Kevin M.,CAX ; Campbell Stephen A.,CAX. Method and apparatus for reducing reactant crossover in a liquid feed electrochemical fuel cell. USP1999025874182.
  132. Dhar Hari P. (College Station TX). Method for catalyzing a gas diffusion electrode. USP1996055521020.
  133. Martin Charles W. (Lake Jackson TX) Ezzell Bobby R. (Lake Jackson TX) Weaver John D. (Lake Jackson TX). Method for depositing a fluorocarbonsulfonic acid polymer on a support from a solution. USP1987044661411.
  134. Dirven Paul (Westerlo BEX) Engelen Willy (Balen BEX). Method for making a gas diffusion electrode. USP1997065639516.
  135. Kawasaki Shinji (Nagoya JPX) Ito Shigenori (Kasugai JPX) Okumura Kiyoshi (Nagoya JPX). Method for manufacturing solid oxide film and method for manufacturing solid oxide fuel cell using the solid oxide film. USP1994105358735.
  136. Kadija Igor V. (Cleveland TN). Method for producing a reticulate electrode for electrolytic cells. USP1984034435252.
  137. Minh Nguyen Q. (Fountain Valley CA) Horne Craig R. (Redondo Beach CA). Method of fabricating a monolithic solid oxide fuel cell. USP1994035290642.
  138. Singh Prabhakar (Export PA) Ruka Roswell J. (Churchill Boro PA) Bratton Raymond J. (Delmont PA). Method of low temperature operation of an electrochemical cell array. USP1994045306574.
  139. Vasilow Theodore R. (Penn Township ; Westmoreland County PA) Kuo Lewis J. H. (Monroeville PA) Ruka Roswell J. (Churchill Boro PA). Method of making an air electrode material having controlled sinterability. USP1994085342704.
  140. Maricle Donald L. (East Glastonbury CT) Carr Howard S. (Bloomfield CT). Method of making an electrochemical cell electrode. USP1989074849253.
  141. Swathirajan Sundararajan (Troy MI) Mikhail Youssef M. (Sterling Heights MI). Method of making membrane-electrode assemblies for electrochemical cells and assemblies made thereby. USP1994055316871.
  142. Klinedinst Keith A. (Marlborough MA) Murphy Francis G. (Tiverton RI). Method of preparing a cathode current collector for use in an electrochemical cell. USP1980084219443.
  143. Yamada Hirotake (Nagoya JPX). Method of producing an air electrode material for solid electrolyte type fuel cells. USP1993115266419.
  144. Diethelm Roland (Bauma CHX) Brun Joseph (Winterthur CHX) Barp Bruno (Rudolfstetten CHX). Module for a fuel cell battery. USP1993125270131.
  145. Minh Nguyen Q. (Fountain Valley CA) Armstrong Timothy R. (Pasco WA). Monolithic fuel cell having a multilayer interconnect. USP1994085342705.
  146. Minh Nguyen Q. (Fountain Valley CA) Armstrong Timothy R. (Palos Verdes Pen. CA) Van Ackeren James J. (Wilmington CA). Monolithic fuel cell having improved interconnect layer. USP1994105356730.
  147. Minh Nguyen Q. (Fountain Valley CA) Stillwagon Thomas L. (Long Beach CA). Monolithic solid oxide fuel cells with integral manifolds. USP1993105256499.
  148. Dhar Hari P. (College Station TX). Near ambient, unhumidified solid polymer fuel cell. USP1993095242764.
  149. Singh Prabhakar (Export PA) Ruka Roswell J. (Churchill Boro ; Allegheny County PA). Oxide modified air electrode surface for high temperature electrochemical cells. USP1992045106706.
  150. Hammerschmidt Albert,DEX ; Domke Wolf-Dieter,DEX ; Nolscher Christoph,DEX ; Suchy Peter,DEX. PEM fuel cell. USP2000016010798.
  151. Meltser Mark Alexander ; Grot Stephen Andreas. PEM fuel cell monitoring system. USP1998065763113.
  152. Ernst William D. ; Mittleman Gary. PEM-type fuel cell assembly having multiple parallel fuel cell sub-stacks employing shared fluid plate assemblies and s. USP1999085945232.
  153. Grot Stephen Andreas. PEM/SPE fuel cell. USP1998015707755.
  154. Pratt Steven D. ; Kelley Ronald J. ; Muthuswamy Sivakumar ; Landreth Bobby Dean ; Pennisi Robert W.. Planar fuel cell. USP2000106127058.
  155. Maget Henri J. R. (Los Altos CA). Planar multi-junction electrochemical cell. USP1987034648955.
  156. Cohen Ronald (West Hartford CT) Hall Eugene W. (Gastonbury CT). Plaque fuel cell stack. USP1991125069985.
  157. Spear ; Jr. Reginald G. ; Franklin Jerrold E. ; Hayes William A. ; Janke David E.. Plastic platelet fuel cells employing integrated fluid management. USP1999015863671.
  158. Beal Daniel (East Hartford CT) Martin Ronald G. (Monson MA) Gorman Michael E. (Manchester CT). Plate-shaped fuel cell component. USP1996065523175.
  159. Tozawa Takeshi (Kanagawa JPX) Toshima Nobuhito (Kanagawa JPX). Polymer electrolyte electrochemical cell and process of preparing same. USP1997035607785.
  160. Hatoh Kazuhito,JPX ; Yasumoto Eiichi,JPX ; Nishida Kazufumi,JPX ; Gyoten Hisaaki,JPX ; Ohara Hideo,JPX ; Uchida Makoto,JPX ; Sugawara Yasushi,JPX ; Kanbara Teruhisa,JPX ; Matsumoto Toshihiro,JPX ; Na. Polymer electrolyte fuel cell. USP2001046210823.
  161. Muranaka Yasushi (Katsuta JPX) Imahashi Jinichi (Hitachi JPX) Horiba Tatsuo (Hitachi JPX) Nishimura Shigeoki (Katsuta JPX). Polymer electrolyte hydrogen-oxygen fuel cell where the polymer electrolyte has a water repellency gradient and a cataly. USP1996035500292.
  162. Ledjeff Konstantin,DEX ; Nolte Roland,DEX. Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell. USP1999015863672.
  163. Helmer-Metzmann Freddy (Mainz DEX) Osan Frank (Kelkheim/Taunus DEX) Schneller Arnold (Mainz DEX) Ritter Helmut (Wuppertal DEX) Ledjeff Konstantin (Krozingen DEX) Nolte Roland (Freiburg DEX) Thorwirth. Polymer electrolyte membrane, and process for the production thereof. USP1996105561202.
  164. Campbell Stephen A.,CAX ; Stumper Juergen,CAX ; Wilkinson David P.,CAX ; Davis Michael T.,CAX. Porous electrode substrate for an electrochemical fuel cell. USP1999015863673.
  165. Dyer Christopher K. (Summit NJ). Primary source of electrical energy using a mixture of fuel and oxidizer. USP1989094863813.
  166. Marianowski Leonard G. (South Holland IL). Process for operating a dual compartment anode structure. USP1988074755376.
  167. Nishioka Masao (Tokoname JPX) Yamada Hirotake (Nagoya JPX). Process for producing solid oxide fuel cells. USP1994015281490.
  168. Savinell Robert F. (Solon OH) Litt Morton H. (University Heights OH). Proton conducting polymers used as membranes. USP1996065525436.
  169. Hori Saburo (Tokyo JPX) Watanabe Nobuhiro (Matsudo JPX). Proton conductive material and method of manufacturing thereof. USP1990054927793.
  170. Fuglevand William A. ; Bayyuk Shiblihanna I. ; Lloyd Greg Alden ; De Vries Peter David ; Lott David R. ; Scartozzi John P. ; Somers Gregory M. ; Stokes Ronald G.. Proton exchange membrane fuel cell power system. USP2000026030718.
  171. Krasij Myron (Avon CT) Watson Paul R. (Duncansville PA). Proton exchange membrane fuel cell support plate and an assembly including the same. USP1993115264299.
  172. Nakamura Osamu (Ikeda JA) Kodama Teruo (Ikeda JA) Ogino Isao (Minoo JA) Miyake Yoshizo (Toyonaka JA). Proton permselective solid-state member and apparatus utilizing said permselective member. USP1977054024036.
  173. Bushnell Calvin L. (Glastonbury CT) Davis Christopher L. (Tolland CT). Reactant gas composition for fuel cell potential control. USP1991095045414.
  174. Goller Glen J. (West Springfield MA) Petraglia Vincent J. (Vernon CT) Dews George (Glastonbury CT). Screen printing method for making an electrochemical cell electrode. USP1980014185131.
  175. Spaeh Richard (Ueberlingen DEX) Westphal Manfred (Bermatingen DEX) Erdle Erich (Immenstaad DEX) Zurell Klaus-Peter (Friedrichshafen DEX). Serially arranged fuel cells for large scale power generation. USP1996075532072.
  176. Takechi Hiroaki (Iwata JPX) Mizuno Yutaka (Iwata JPX) Anma Tomio (Iwata JPX). Shut-off device for fuel cell system. USP1992105154986.
  177. Flandermeyer Brian K. (Bolingbrook IL) Poeppel Roger B. (Glen Ellyn IL) Dusek Joseph T. (Downers Grove IL) Anderson Harlan U. (Rolla MO). Sintering aid for lanthanum chromite refractories. USP1988064749632.
  178. Madou Marc J. (Palo Alto CA) Otagawa Takaaki (Fremont CA) Sher Arden (Foster City CA). Solid compositions for fuel cell electrolytes. USP1990084948680.
  179. Madou Marc J. (Palo Alto CA) Otagawa Takaaki (Fremont CA) Sher Arden (Foster City CA). Solid compositions for fuel cells, sensors and catalysts. USP1989074851303.
  180. Ito Shigenori (Kasugai JPX) Okumura Kiyoshi (Tajimi JPX) Yoshioka Katsuki (Nagoya JPX). Solid electrolyte film, solid oxide fuel cell comprising such a solid electrolyte film, and processes for producing such. USP1993085234722.
  181. Ruhl Robert C. (Cleveland Heights OH). Solid electrolyte fuel cell and assembly. USP1988094770955.
  182. Taniguchi Noboru (Osaka JPX) Niikura Junji (Hirakata JPX) Hatoh Kazuhito (Daito JPX) Gamo Takaharu (Fujiidera JPX). Solid electrolyte fuel cell and method for manufacture of same. USP1993095244753.
  183. Nishi Toshiro (Nagasaki JPX) Murakami Nobuaki (Nagasaki JPX) Ueda Kenji (Nagasaki JPX) Shirakawa Seiichi (Nagasaki JPX) Notomi Akira (Nagasaki JPX) Hisamatsu Kenichi (Nagasaki JPX) Kaneko Shozo (Naga. Solid electrolyte fuel cell and method for preparing it. USP1987084686158.
  184. Ohsawa Toshiyuki (Kawasaki JPX) Kabata Toshiyuki (Machida JPX) Kimura Okitoshi (Tokyo JPX) Kimura Sachiko (Tokyo JPX) Samura Tetsuya (Kusatsu JPX). Solid electrolyte, electrochemical device including the same and method of fabricating the solid electrolyte. USP1993065223353.
  185. Tuller Harry L. (Wellesley MA) Kramer Steve A. (Somerville MA) Spears Marlene A. (Woburn MA). Solid electrolyte-electrode system for an electrochemical cell. USP1995045403461.
  186. Yoshida Shizuyasu (Kawasaki JPX) Shimizu Hitoshi (Kawasaki JPX). Solid oxide electrolyte type fuel cell and method for fabricating the same. USP1993065217822.
  187. Shiratori Akira (Nagaokakyo JPX) Kobayashi Shozo (Takatsuki JPX) Takagi Hiroshi (Otsu JPX) Sakabe Yukio (Kyoto JPX). Solid oxide fuel cell. USP1992095149601.
  188. Shiratori Akira (Nagaokakyo JPX) Takagi Hiroshi (Nagaokakyo JPX). Solid oxide fuel cell. USP1994115368951.
  189. Shiratori Akira (Nagaokakyo JPX) Takagi Hiroshi (Nagaokakyo JPX) Kobayashi Shozo (Nagaokakyo JPX). Solid oxide fuel cell. USP1995015385792.
  190. Sato Masaki (Ichikawa JPX) Arai Toshio (Toyama JPX) Yoshimura Takayoshi (Kurobe JPX). Solid oxide fuel cell and method for manufacturing the same. USP1994125372895.
  191. Yoshimura Takayoshi (Toyama JPX) Arai Toshio (Toyama JPX) Sato Masaki (Toyama JPX). Solid oxide fuel cell and method for manufacturing the same. USP1992125169731.
  192. Ishida Yoshihiko (Nagoya JPX). Solid oxide fuel cell and method for producing the same. USP1994055312700.
  193. Ishihara Takeshi (Toyoake JPX) Fujita Tadashi (Nagoya JPX) Misawa Hidenobu (Toyoake JPX). Solid oxide fuel cell and porous electrode for use in the same. USP1992055114803.
  194. Gordon Arnold Z. (Beachwood OH). Solid oxide fuel cell assembly. USP1991125069987.
  195. Draper Robert (Churchill Boro) George Raymond A. (Pittsburgh) Shockling Larry A. (Plum Borough PA). Solid oxide fuel cell generator. USP1993045200279.
  196. Fasano Benjamin V. ; Prettyman Kevin M.. Solid oxide fuel cell having a catalytic anode. USP2000046051329.
  197. Ackerman John P. (Downers Grove IL) Young John E. (Woodridge IL). Solid oxide fuel cell having monolithic core. USP1984104476198.
  198. Fasano Benjamin V. ; Prettyman Kevin M.. Solid oxide fuel cell having vias and a composite interconnect. USP2000046051330.
  199. Riley Brian (Willimantic CT). Solid oxide fuel cell matrix and modules. USP1990074943494.
  200. McPheeters Charles C. (Naperville IL) Nelson Paul A. (Wheaton IL) Dees Dennis W. (Downers Grove IL). Solid oxide fuel cell with single material for electrodes and interconnect. USP1994075330859.
  201. Ishihara Takeshi (Toyoake JPX) Misawa Hidenobu (Toyoake JPX). Solid oxide fuel cells. USP1993015176967.
  202. Ishihara Takeshi (Toyoake JPX) Misawa Hidenobu (Toyoake JPX). Solid oxide fuel cells. USP1993025188910.
  203. Bates J. Lambert (Richland WA). Solid oxide fuel cells, and air electrode and electrical interconnection materials therefor. USP1992095143801.
  204. Enami Yoshiaki,JPX. Solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell. USP2000046045934.
  205. Sonai Atsuo (Yokohama JPX) Murata Kenji (Tokyo JPX). Solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell apparatus. USP1994095344721.
  206. Reiser Carl A. (Glastonbury CT) Sawyer Richard D. (Canton CT). Solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell stack water management system. USP1988094769297.
  207. Kunz Harold R. (Vernon CT). Solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell system with porous plate evaporative cooling. USP1989044824741.
  208. Imahashi Jinichi (Hitachi JPX) Horiba Tatsuo (Hitachi JPX) Muranaka Yasushi (Katsuta JPX). Solid polymer electrolyte type fuel cell. USP1994095350643.
  209. Covitch Michael J. (Cleveland Heights OH) DeRespiris Donald L. (Mentor OH) Benezra Leo L. (San Jose CA) Vauss Elvin M. (Cleveland Hgts. OH). Solid polymer electrolytes and electrode bonded with hydrophylic fluorocopolymers. USP1984094469579.
  210. Wilkinson David P. (Vancouver CAX) Voss Henry H. (West Vancouver CAX) Watkins David S. (Coquitlam CAX) Prater Keith B. (Vancouver CAX). Solid polymer fuel cell systems incorporating water removal at the anode. USP1994115366818.
  211. Mogensen Mogens (Bjaeverskov DKX) Kindl Bruno (Roskilde DKX). Solid state fuel cell and process for the production thereof. USP1994095350641.
  212. Bloom Ira D. (Bolingbrook IL) Hash Mark C. (Joliet IL) Krumpelt Michael (Naperville IL). Solid-oxide fuel cell electrolyte. USP1993055213911.
  213. Barnett Scott A. (Evanston IL) Wang Li-Shun (Evanston IL). Solid-oxide fuel cells. USP1995035395704.
  214. Iwasaki Hiroyuki (Saitama JPX) Ishizaki Fumiya (Saitama JPX) Yoshida Toshihiko (Saitama JPX) Tagaya Nobuaki (Saitama JPX) Mukaizawa Isao (Saitama JPX) Seto Hiroshi (Saitama JPX). Stabilized zirconia solid electrolyte and process for preparation thereof. USP1992075130210.
  215. Watanabe Masahiro (Yamanashi JPX). Structure of ion exchange membrane. USP1993095246792.
  216. Ogata Naoya (Tokyo JPX) Rikukawa Masahiro (Tokyo JPX). Sulfonated polymers for solid polymer electrolytes. USP1995045403675.
  217. Isenberg Arnold O. (Pittsburgh PA). Sulfur tolerant composite cermet electrodes for solid oxide electrochemical cells. USP1987104702971.
  218. Hockaday Robert G.. Surface replica fuel cell for micro fuel cell electrical power pack. USP1998065759712.
  219. Bonville ; Jr. Leonard J. ; Yang Deliang. System and method of water management in the operation of a fuel cell. USP2000016015634.
  220. King Robert Dean ; Sinha Gautam. System for controlling power flow in a power bus generally powered from reformer-based fuel cells. USP2001126326763.
  221. Fujii Masao (Takarazuka JPX) Nishiyama Enju (Kawanishi JPX). Temperature control device for a fuel cell. USP1985024500612.
  222. Fujiki Yoshinori (Sakura JPX) Watanabe Mamoru (Sakura JPX) Sasaki Takayoshi (Sakura JPX) Onoda Yoshito (Sakura JPX) Ohachi Tadashi (Tsuzuki JPX) Mitsuhashi Takefumi (Sakura JPX). Tetragonal system tunnel-structured compound AX(GA8MYGA(8+X)-YTI16-X0 56), and cation conductor and heat insulating mate. USP1989044818735.
  223. Hsu Michael S. (Lincoln MA) Hoag Ethan D. (East Boston MA). Thermal control apparatus. USP1994085338622.
  224. Binder Michael (Brooklyn NY) Mammone Robert J. (So. Plainfield NJ). Treated solid polymer electrolyte membrane for use in a fuel cell and fuel cell including the treated solid polymer elec. USP1994125372896.
  225. Steyn Willem J.. Tubular fuel cell assembly and method of manufacture. USP1999126007932.
  226. Kelland James W. (E. Walpole MA) Braun Stephan G. (Newton MA). Unitized fuel cell structure. USP1993025187025.
  227. Reiser Carl A. (Glastonbury CT). Water and heat management in solid polymer fuel cell stack. USP1989054826742.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 13

  1. Horiguchi, Toshio; Itoh, Junichi; Orikawa, Kouji. Dual-power-supply system. USP2011098017256.
  2. Norimatsu, Yasuaki; Kanouda, Akihiko; Kikuchi, Mutsumi. Electric power source apparatus using fuel cell and method of controlling the same. USP2010027667350.
  3. Schmidt, Wayde R.; Cordatos, Haralambos; Culp, Slade R.. Fuel deoxygenator with porous support plate. USP2012058177884.
  4. Frank, David George; Nunes, Vicente; Andersen, Claus; Schmidt, Jacob. Racked power supply ventilation. USP2012088241810.
  5. Frank, David George; Nunes, Vincente; Andersen, Claus; Schmidt, Jacob. Racked power supply ventilation. USP2013108563196.
  6. Hyde, Roderick A.; Tegreene, Clarence T.; Walter, Joshua C.. System and method for determining a state of operational readiness of a fuel cell backup system of a nuclear reactor system. USP2017069691508.
  7. Hyde, Roderick A.; Tegreene, Clarence T.; Walter, Joshua C.. System and method for maintaining and establishing operational readiness in a fuel cell backup system of a nuclear reactor system. USP2017089748006.
  8. Chan, Alistair K.; Hyde, Roderick A.; Kare, Jordin T.; Wood, Jr., Lowell L.. System and method of altering temperature of an electrical energy storage device or an electrochemical energy generation device using microchannels. USP2015069065159.
  9. Chan, Alistair K.; Hyde, Roderick A.; Kare, Jordin T.; Wood, Jr., Lowell L.. System and method of operating an electrical energy storage device or an electrochemical energy generation device using thermal conductivity materials based on mobile device states and vehicle states. USP2014058715875.
  10. Chan, Alistair K.; Hyde, Roderick A.; Kare, Jordin T.; Wood, Jr., Lowell L.. System and method of operating an electrical energy storage device or an electrochemical energy generation device, during charge or discharge using microchannels and high thermal conductivity materials. USP2016089433128.
  11. Chan, Alistair K.; Hyde, Roderick A.; Kare, Jordin T.; Wood, Jr., Lowell L.. System for altering temperature of an electrical energy storage device or an electrochemical energy generation device using high thermal conductivity materials based on states of the device. USP2012018101293.
  12. Chan, Alistair K.; Hyde, Roderick A.; Kare, Jordin T.; Wood, Jr., Lowell L.. System for altering temperature of an electrical energy storage device or an electrochemical energy generation device using microchannels based on states of the device. USP2015079093725.
  13. Chan, Alistair K.; Hyde, Roderick A.; Kare, Jordin T.; Wood, Jr., Lowell L.. System for operating an electrical energy storage device or an electrochemical energy generation device using microchannels based on mobile device states and vehicle states. USP2014088802266.