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특허 상세정보

Non-toxic percussion primers and methods of preparing the same

국가/구분 United States(US) Patent 등록
국제특허분류(IPC7판) C06B-033/00    C06B-025/32    C06B-025/18    D03D-023/00    D03D-043/00   
미국특허분류(USC) 149/109.6; 149/037; 149/093; 149/096; 149/108.2; 149/109.4
출원번호 US-0704530 (2007-02-09)
등록번호 US-8202377 (2012-06-19)
발명자 / 주소
출원인 / 주소
대리인 / 주소
    Patterson Thuente Christensen Pedersen, P.A.
인용정보 피인용 횟수 : 8  인용 특허 : 52
초록

A percussion primer composition including at least one explosive, at least one nano-size non-coated fuel particle having natural surface oxides thereon, at least one oxidizer, optionally at least one sensitizer, optionally at least one buffer, and to methods of preparing the same.

대표
청구항

1. A method of making a percussion primer, the method comprising: a) providing at least one water wet explosive;b) adding a dual buffer system to said at least one water wet explosive;c) combining at least one nano-size non-coated fuel particle having natural surface oxides thereon with said at least one water wet explosive and said dual buffer system to form a first mixture; andd) combining at least one oxidizer with said at least one water wet explosive or with said first mixture. 2. The method of claim 1 further comprising combining at least one binde...

이 특허에 인용된 특허 (52)

  1. Raupp, Karl; Brand, Werner; Lang, Hansjorg; Kukla, Wolfgang. Ammunition for smoke generation. USP2003096612242.
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  3. Walker Franklin E. (15 Way Points Rd. Danville CA 94526) Wasley Richard J. (4290 Colgate Way Livermore CA 94550). Donor free radical explosive composition. USP1980044196026.
  4. Bradbury Roy,GBX. Dye diffusion thermal transfer printing. USP2000056057264.
  5. Mei George C. (Creve Coeur MO). Electric primer with reduced RF and ESD hazard. USP1991075027707.
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  7. Zimmermann Leon M. (Johannesburg ZAX). Explosive composition. USP1990124976793.
  8. Walker Franklin E. (18 Shadow Oak Rd. Danville CA 94526) Wasley Richard J. (4290 Colgate Way Livermore CA 94550). Explosive composition with group VIII metal nitroso halide getter. USP1982064336085.
  9. Wells Franklin B. (Memphis TN). Flexible explosive composition comprising particulate RDX, HMX or PETN and a nitrostarch binder plasticized with TEGDN o. USP1977034014719.
  10. Walker Franklin E. (15 Way Points Rd. Danville CA 94526) Wasley Richard J. (4290 Colgate Way Livermore CA 94550). Free radical explosive composition. USP1979034142927.
  11. Knowlton Gregory D. ; Ludwig Christopher P. ; Haun Daniel. Gas generating compositions. USP1998075780768.
  12. Riggs Robert A. (Grand Prairie TX). High temperature exploding bridge wire detonator and explosive composition. USP1984014428292.
  13. Ramaswamy Coodly P. (Christiana PA). High temperature stable, low input energy primer/detonator. USP1996095557061.
  14. Erickson Jack A.. Lead-free centerfire primer with DDNP and barium nitrate oxidizer. USP1998115831208.
  15. Mei, George C.; Pickett, James W.. Lead-free nontoxic explosive mix. USP2005046878221.
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  17. Bjerke Robert K. (Lewiston ID) Kees Kenneth P. (Lewiston ID) Ward James P. (Lewiston ID) Stevens Walter H. (Lewiston ID). Lead-free primed rimfire cartridge. USP1993065216199.
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  19. Mei George C. (St. Louis MO) Pickett James W. (Gillespie IL). Lead-free priming mixture for percussion primer. USP1995055417160.
  20. Rose, James E.; Elstrodt, Douglas; Puszynski, Jan A.. Lead-free pyrotechnic composition. USP2003126663731.
  21. Guindon Louise (Laval CAX) Allard Danielle (Ancienne Lorette CAX). Low toxicity primer composition. USP1995025388519.
  22. Dillehay David R. (Marshall TX). Low-toxicity obscuring smoke formulation. USP1996065522320.
  23. Bayliss James. Method of manufacturing an explosive carrier material, and articles containing the same. USP1999085939661.
  24. Erickson Jack A. (Andover MN) Kramer Robert L. (Minneapolis MN) Hallis John M. (Buffalo MN). Non-toxic primer for center-fire cartridges. USP1995115466315.
  25. Henry J. John, Jr. ; Carolyn Yeager ; Don Pile ; Tim Webb. Non-toxic primer mix. USP2002116478903.
  26. Guindon, Louise; Lepage, Daniel; Drolet, Jean-Pierre. Non-toxic primers for small caliber ammunition. USP2003096620267.
  27. Erickson Jack A. (Andover MN) Melberg John M. (Andover MN) Kramer Robert L. (Minneapolis MN) Hallis John M. (Buffalo MN). Non-toxic rim-fire primer. USP1997035610367.
  28. Erickson, Jack A.. Non-toxic, heavy-metal-free shotshell primer mix. USP2003046544363.
  29. Mei George C. (St. Louis MO) Pickett James W. (Gillespie IL). Nontoxic priming mix. USP1992125167736.
  30. Mei George C. (St. Louis MO) Pickett James W. (Gillespie IL). Nontoxic priming mix. USP1996105567252.
  31. Clark, Nathan G.; Leidel, David John. Oil well perforator liner. USP2003076588344.
  32. Jouet,R. Jason; Stern,Alfred G.; Rosenberg,David M.. Passivation layer on aluminum surface and method thereof. USP2007037192649.
  33. McKenney, Jr., Robert L.; Leahy, John F.; Parkin, Spencer T.; Krawietz, Thomas R.. Plasticized, wax-based binder system for melt castable explosives. USP2003116641683.
  34. Wardle,Robert B.; Hinshaw,Jerald C.. Polycyclic, polyamides as precursors for energetic polycyclic polynitramine oxidizers. USP2006107129348.
  35. Hagel Rainer (Lichtenfels DEX) Redecker Klaus (Nuremberg DEX). Primer charges free of lead and barium. USP1986044581082.
  36. Bjerke Robert K. (Lewiston ID) Ward James P. (Lewiston ID) Ells Delbert O. (Clarkston WA) Kees Kenneth P. (Lewiston ID). Primer composition. USP1990104963201.
  37. Yates ; Jr. Donald N. (Katy TX) Oestrich Michael (Katy TX). Primer mix, percussion primer and method for initiating combustion. USP1985064522665.
  38. Andrew Eugene A. (Florissant MO). Priming mix with minimum viscosity change. USP1979014133707.
  39. Gawlick Heinz (Vagen DEX) Marondel Gunther (Erlangen DEX) Sieglein Werner (Nuremberg DEX). Priming system for high-temperature stable propellants. USP1979034145969.
  40. Rinaldi Sergio (Livorno ITX) Talini Francesco (Campo Tizzoro ITX). Printing mixture containing no toxic materials, and cartridge percussion primer employing such a mixture. USP1997095672219.
  41. Cioffe Anthony (5050 Fillmore St. Hollywood FL 33021). Propellant and explosive composition. USP1995095449423.
  42. Koch, Ernst-Christian; Dochnahl, Axel. Pyrotechnic active mass for producing an aerosol highly emissive in the infrared spectrum and inpenetrable in the visible spectrum. USP2003066581520.
  43. Rayer Peter,DEX ; Hieke Klaus,DEX ; Scholz Markus,DEX. Pyrotechnic active mass with ignition and combustion accelerator. USP2001116322648.
  44. Simpson Geoffrey M. (Nottingham GBX). Pyrotechnic composition for producing radiation-blocking screen. USP1988034728375.
  45. Fogelzang Alexander Evgenievich,RUX ; Korolev Vladimir Petrovich,RUX ; Egorshev Vyacheslav Yurjevich,RUX ; Kolesov Vasilij Ivanovich,RUX ; Pochukaev Valerij Dmitrievich,RUX ; Baskakov Yurij Matveevic. Pyrotechnical percussion combustion composition for small arms ammunition primers. USP2000126165294.
  46. Comfort Theodore F.. Solid rocket propellant. USP2000056066214.
  47. Staendeke Horst (Erftstadt DEX) Adam Wilhelm (Neuisenburg DEX) Dany Franz-Josef (Erftstadt DEX) Kandler Joachim (Erftstadt DEX). Stabilized red phosphorus and process for its manufacture. USP1982024315897.
  48. Staendeke Horst (Lohmar DEX) Thmmler Ursus (Erftstadt DEX) Adam Wilhelm (Neu-Isenburg DEX). Stabilized red phosphorus and process for making it. USP1989084853288.
  49. Albanesi Giancarlo (Milan ITX) Rinaldi Gianfranco (Magenta ITX). Stabilized red phosphorus for use as flame-retardant, in particular for compositions on the basis of polymers. USP1987104698215.
  50. Horold, Sebastian; Laubner, Jurgen. Stabilized red phosphorus material and a process for its preparation. USP2003116645625.
  51. Puszynski, Jan A.; Bichay, Magdy M.; Swiatkiewicz, Jacek J.. Wet processing and loading of percussion primers based on metastable nanoenergetic composites. USP2010037670446.
  52. Walker Franklin E. (18 Shadow Oak Rd. Danville CA 94526) Wasley Richard J. (4290 Colgate Way Livermore CA 94550). Zirconium hydride containing explosive composition. USP1981124304614.

이 특허를 인용한 특허 피인용횟수: 8

  1. Erickson, Jack; Sandstrom, Joel L.; Johnston, Gene; Norris, Neal; Braun, Patrick; Blau, Reed; Liu, Lisa Spendlove. Non-toxic percussion primers and methods of preparing the same. USP2013068454770.
  2. Erickson, Jack; Sandstrom, Joel L.; Johnston, Gene; Norris, Neal; Braun, Patrick; Blau, Reed; Liu, Lisa Spendlove; Newell, Rachel Hendrika. Non-toxic percussion primers and methods of preparing the same. USP2013068454769.
  3. Sandstrom, Joel; Quinn, Aaron A.; Erickson, Jack. Non-toxic, heavy-metal free explosive percussion primers and methods of preparing the same. USP2013068470107.
  4. Busky, Randall T.; Botcher, Tod R.; Sandstrom, Joel L.; Erickson, Jack A.. Nontoxic, noncorrosive phosphorus-based primer compositions and an ordnance element including the same. USP2013098540828.
  5. Johnston, Harold E.; Warner, Kristin F.; Blau, Reed J.; Lusk, Scott K.. Percussion primer composition and systems incorporating same. USP2013068460486.
  6. Busky, Randall T.; Botcher, Tod R.; Sandstrom, Joel; Erickson, Jack. Percussion primers comprising a primer composition and ordnance including the same. USP2013098524018.
  7. Hafner, Matthew T.; Balangue, Ruben; Clark, Danny D.; Westbrook, III, John William. Propellant compositions including stabilized red phosphorus and methods of forming same. USP2015129199887.
  8. Hafner, Matthew T.; Balangue, Ruben; Clark, Danny D.; Westbrook, III, John William. Propellant compositions including stabilized red phosphorus, a method of forming same, and an ordnance element including the same. USP2014028641842.