The performance of the SIMPLE, SIMPLE-C and PISO algorithms for the treatment of the pressure-velocity coupling in fluid flow problems were examined by comparing the computational effort required to obtain the same level of the convergence. Example problems are circular duct and 90-degree bent square-duct. For circular duct case, laminar and turbulent flow were computed. For 90-degree bent square-duct case, laminar flow was simulated by the time-marching method as well as the iterative method. The convergence speed of the other two algorithms are not always superior to SIMPLE algorithm. SIMPLE algorithm is faster than SIMPLE-C algorithm in the simple laminar flow calculations. The application of the PISO algorithm in three dimensional general coordinates is not so effective as in two-dimensional ones. Since computational time of PISO algorithm is increased at each time step(or iterative step) in three dimension, the total convergence speed is not decreased. But PISO algorithm is stable for large time step by using time marching method,.
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