1. 연구배경 : 사상의학의 가장 중요한 요점은 체질진단이다. 그간 다양한 체질변증에 관한 연구가 있었지만 신체 각부의 형태학적인 연구, 특히 얼굴을 대상으로 한 연구는 거의 전무하였다. 저자들은 그 동안 전일적이고 직관적으로 표현된 동의수세보원의 형태적 묘사를 정량화하여 정리하고, 이 자료를 체질진단의 근거자료로 삼고자 하는 연구의 일환으로 먼저 두안부(頭顔部)의 형태를 태음인 소음인 소양인 별로 그 형상적 특징을 찾아내고자 하였다. 2. 방법 : 1995년 7월부터 1995년 12월까지 경희의료원 부속한방병원 외래환자 및 직원을 대상으로 설문지 및 임상적 치료 경과를 통하여 체질적 경향성이 뚜렷한 대상자를 선별하고 동일촬영 조건을 통하여 얻은 얼굴 사진 중 형태특이자를 제외한 170례의 고경(전두고외 26항목) 방사경(두최대장외 22항목) 및 폭경(안최대폭외 18항목)등 총 69항목을 측정한 후 이를 분석하여 체질별 상이점을 도출하였다. 3. 결과 : 체질별 두면부의 형태학적인 특징을 수치화하여 설명할 수 있게 되었고, 나아가 직관적이고 전일적인 형태를 구체화시킬 수 있는 특징을 도출할 수 있었다. 4. 결론 : 이상의 결과를 이용하여 체질별 각 부분의 형태를 계량화하여 비교 설명하고, 이를 이용하여 체질판별공식을 만들었다.
The clinical application of constitutional Diagnosis is the most important part of Sasang constitutional medicine. It has been studied in various way. However, the study of morphologic characteristics on the face is applied for the first time. For quantitative analysis of the correlation between the sasang constitution and the shape of the face, the head-facial part of 170 cases were measured by Martin's measurement and analysis of a) the measurement value of height and the component ratio from the Gnathion to each part of face by constitution. b) the measurement value of depth and the component ratio from T-projected to each part of the face by constitution. c) the measurement value of breadth and component ratio between each parts of the facial breadth by constitution. d) the ratio of square on every part of face by constitution. e) the characteristics on each part of the face by constitution. f) the contour line of the forehead. g) the result of discriminant analysis about the constitution. Authors obtained the results from the study as follows; 1. The characteristics of Taeum-IN (1) The measurement value of Height, Breadth, T-Projected had a tendency to maximum value in general. (2) The value of lower opthal height and the square of lower opthal part was maximum. (3) The value of Pronasal T-projected length and Subnasal T-projected length was minimum, so Taeum-In has characteristics of depression in middle face, nasal part. (4) In the ratio of Breadth, T-Projected, T-Projected was minimum. (5) It was maximum that the square of nose, Alare, Middle face, Lower face and it was minimum that the square of eye. The square of nose, Alare, Middle facc, Lower face was maximum and the square of eye was minimum. (6) The curvature of the eyebrow was minimum. (7) The projection of jaw (Pogonion T-projection length) was maximum. (8) The breadth of eye was minimum. (9) There was a tendency that the projection of the forehead to the right in general. 2. The characteristics of Soeum-In (1) In all cases of projected length the measurement value was minimum. (2) The value of lower opthal height and the square of lower opthal part was minimum. (3) By the Pupulare T-projected length, the value of Pronasal T-projected length and Subnasal T-projected length was minimum, so the Soeum In's face shape is flat. (4) The square of eye, mouth, forehead was maximum and the square of nose, Alare, Middle face, Lower face was minimum. (5) The curvature of the eyebrow was maximum. (6) The projection of mouth was minimum. (7) The jaw was flat. (8) The breadth of eye was maximum. (9) There was a tendency that the projection of the forehead to the left in general. 3. The characteristics of Soyang-In. (1) In most cases of 고경 length the measurement value was minimum. (2) By the Pupulare T-projected length, each ratio of projected length was maximum, so the Soyang-In's face shape has many protrusions (3) In the ratio of Breadth, T-Projected, T-Projected was maximum. (4) The square of mouth was minimum. (5) The inclination of the forehead was minimum. (6) The projection of mouth was maximum. (7) The breadth of eye was minimum. (8) There was a tendency that the projection of the forehead to the left in general. (9) The middle face was protruded. 4. Discriminant about the constitution. According to the result of discriminant, the accuracy probability of discriminant was 85.58% in total and Taeum-In was 90.5%, Soeum-In was 70.8%, Soyang-In was 89.5%. The accuracy probability of discriminant about 3 constitutional group increased by 49.03% than the accident probility 36.55% 5. Suggestion (1) The study which gather and analysis the data should be continued. (2) The study which subdivide the characteristics of each part of the face by the constitution should be continued. (3) The analysis method about Moire should be supplement. (4) The study about the morphologic characteristics of the whole body should be continued. (5) Computer program of constitution diagnosis s
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