느슨한 모래지반에서 보강재 층수 증가와 보강재의 강성과 형태 변화 그리고 얕은 기초 직하에 매설된 연성관의 깊이 등의 변화가 지지력-침하 곡선에 미치는 영향을 알아보기 위해 일련의 모형실험을 수행하였다. 시험결과, 무보강토 경우는 파괴형태가 국부전단으로 나타났으나 보강재 층수가 2층 이상이 되면 파괴형태는 국부전단에서 전반전단으로 바뀌고, 최적보강재 층수는 2층 이며, 지지력 개선에 있어서는 보강재의 초기강성과 형태가 최대인 장강도보다 중요한 것으로 나타났다. 무보강토에서 기초 직하에 연성관이 매설된 경우, 연성관의 매설 깊이가 기초 폭보다 얕으면 지지력과 극한지지력은 현저하게 감소하고, 보강토의 경우 연성관의 매설 깊이가 기초 폭보다 얕으면 파괴형태는 전반전단에서 국부전단으로 바뀌는 것으로 나타났다.
A series of model tests were conducted to investigate how the number of reinforcement layers, stiffnesses, types of reinforcement material and buried depth of a flexible pipe can affect bearing capacity-settlement curve at a loose sand foundation. In the test results, whereas the type of failure in unreinforced sand was local shear, the type of failure, for model tests with more than 2 reinforcement layers in loose sand, was general shear: The number of the optimum reinforcement layers was found to be two: Stiffness and type of reinforcement were more important than the maximum tensile strength of reinforcement in improving bearing capacity. When the depth of buried pipe from the sand surface was less than the width of the footing, test results showed that both bearing capacity and ultimate bearing capacity of buried pipe in unreinforced sand significantly decreased, and the type of failure in the reinforced sand changed from general shear to local shear.
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