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Recent researches on Sapstaining Fungi Colonizing Pines

The plant pathology journal v.21 no.1 , 2005년, pp.1 - 6  

During last decade there has been noticeable progress in the research of the biology of sapstaining fungi that cause considerable economic losses to forest product industry. The researches generated broad ranges of knowledge on sapstaining fungi regarding their occurrence on conifer wood, taxonomy, nutrient physiology, pigmentation biochemistry and molecular biology, and biological control. Major problematic groups in the sapstain production are Ophiostoma, Ceratocystis, and Leptographium genera. With Ophiostoma as a model, it is found that the type of carbon source is important in the growth and pigment production of sapstaining fungi. The operation of dihydroxy naphthalene (DHN) melanin pathway for black to bluish pigment production has been confirmed in those cosmetic fungi both at biochemical and molecular levels. The development of albino technology using nutrition competition has been shown to be promising as an environmentally friendly biological control method for sapstain control.

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참고문헌 (28)

  1. Bernier, L., Gagng, P., Yang, D. K., Gagnac, M., Byrne, A., Uzunovic, A., Kim, S. H. and Breuil, C. 1998. Diversity of fungi causing sapstain in Canadian softwood. The 7th International Congress of Plant Pathology.. August 9-16, Edinburgh, Scotland, U.K 
  2. Eagen, R. Kim, S. H., Kronstad, J. and Breuil, C. 2001. An hydroxynaphtalene reductase gene from a wood-staining fungus Ophiostoma floccosum complements the buff phenotype in Magnaporthe grisea. Mycol. Res. 105:461-469 
  3. Kim, S. H., Uzunovic, A. and Breuil, C. 1999. Rapid detection of Ophiostoma piceae and O. quercus in stained wood by PCR. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:287-290 
  4. Schroeder, S., Kim, S. H., Cheung, W. T., Sterflinger, K. and Breuil, C. 2001a. Phylogenetic relationship of Ophiostoma piliferum to other staining fungi based on the ribosomal RNA gene. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 195:163-167 
  5. Schroeder, S., Kim, S. H., Lee, S., Sterflinger, K. and Breuil, C. 2001b. The b-tubulin gene is a useful target for PCR-based detection of an albino Ophiostoma piliferum used in biocontrol. Eur. J. Plant Pathol. 108:793-801 
  6. Uzunovic, A., Kim, S. H. and Breuil, C. 2000. Seasonal variation of bluestain fungi on lodgepole pine logs and lumber in a BC sawmill. Material und Organismen 33:177-186 
  7. Zhou, X. D., de Beer, Z. W., Wingfield, D. D. and Wingfield, M. J. 2001. Ophiostomatoid fungi associated with three pineinfesting bark beetles in South Africa. Sydowia 53:290-300 
  8. Kim, J. J., Kim, S. H., Lee, S. and Breuil, C. 2003. Distingushing Ophiostoma ips and O. montium two bark beetle –associated sapstain fungi. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 222:187-192 
  9. Wang, H.-L., Kim, S. H., Siu, H. and Breuil, C. 1999. Transformation of sapstaining fungi with hygromycin B resistance plasmids pAN7-1 and pCB1004. Mycol. Res. 103:77-80 
  10. Hausner, G., Reid, J. and Klassen, G. R. 1993a. On the phylogeny of Ophiostoma, Ceratocystis s.s., and Microascus, and relationships within Ophiostoma based on partial ribosomal DNA sequences. Can. J. Bot. 71:1249-1265 
  11. Kim, S. H., Schroeder, S. and Breuil, C. 2000. PCR-RFLP marker differentiation of Ophiostoma piliferum from other Ophiostoma sapstain species. Joint Meetings of the Canadian Phytopathological Society/Pacific division of the American Phytopathological Society. June 18-21, Victoria, Canada 
  12. Kim, S. H., Uzunovic, A. and Breuil, C. 1998. Specificity of the univesal ribosomal DNA primers against softwood sapstain fungi. Material und Organismen 32:183-193 
  13. Uzunovic, A., Gagng, P., Yang, D. K., Gagnac, M., Byrne, A., Kim, S. H., Bernier, L. and Breuil, C. 1999. Fungi causing sapstain in Canadian softwoods. Can. J. Microbiol. 45:914- 922 
  14. Kim, S. H. and Breuil, C. 2001. Common nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer sequences occur in the sibling species Ophiostoma piceae and Ophiostoma quercus. Mycol. Res. 105:331-337 
  15. Schroeder, S., Sterflinger, K., Kim, S. H. and Breuil., C. 2000. Monitoring the potential biocontrol agent Cartapip. IRG/WP 00-10365 
  16. Solheim, H. 1986. Species of Ophiostomataceae isolated from Picea abies infested by the bark beetle Ips typographus. Nordic J. Bot. 6:199-207 
  17. Fleet, C., Breuil, C. and Uzunovic. A. 2001. Nutrient consumption and pigment of deep and surface colonizing sapstaining fungi in Pinus contorta. Holzforschung 55:340- 346 
  18. Bernier, L., Racine, St-Miche, G. E., Kim, S. H. and Breuil, C. 2001. Genetic variability of Ophiostoma piliferum in Canada. APS/SON/MSA Joint Meeting. August 25-29. Salt Lake City, Utah, USANX 
  19. Wang, H.-L. and Breuil, C. 2002. A second reductase gene involved in melanin biosynthesis in the sapstaining fungus. Mol. Genet. Genomics 267:557-563 
  20. Gorton, C., Kim, S. H., Henricot, B., Webber, J. and Breuil, C. 2002. Phylogenetic analysis of the bluestain fungus Ophiostoma minus based on partial ITS rDNA and b-tubulin gene sequences. Mycol. Res.108:759-765 
  21. Wang, H.-L., Kim, S. H. and Breuil, C. 2001. A scytalone dehydratase gene from Ophiostoma floccosum restores the melanization and pathogenicity phenotypes of a melanin-deficient Colletotrichum lagenarium mutant. Mol. Genet. Genomics 266:126-132 
  22. Kim, S. H., Han, A., Kronstad, J. and Breuil, C. 1999. Differentiation of the sapstaining fungi by restriction fragment length polymorphisms in nuclear small subunit ribosomal DNA. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 177:151-157 
  23. Uzunovic, A., Sefert, K., Kim, S. H. and Breuil, C. 2000. Ophiostoma setosum, a common sapwood staining fungus from western North America, a new species of Ophiostoma piceae complex. Mycol. Res. 104:387-394 
  24. Six, D. 2003. A comparison of mycangial and phoretic fungi of individual mountain pine beetles. Can. J. For. Res. 33:1331- 1334 
  25. Fleet, C. and Breuil, C. 2002. Inhibitors and genetic analysis of scytalone dehydratase confirm the presence of DHN-malanin pathway in sapstain fungi. Mycol. Res. 106:1331-1339 
  26. Kim, S. H., Schroeder, S., Lee, S. W. and Breuil, C. 2001. Cartapip, a potential biological agent for sapstain, can be traced in selected geographic areas by PCR-based assays targeting the beta-tubulin gene. Annual Meeting of the Canadian Phytopathological Society BC Region. Oct. 22-23. Vancouver, BC 
  27. Lee, S. W., Kim, S. H. and Breuil, C. 2001. The use of green fluorescent protein as a biomarker for sapstaining fungi. Forest Pathology 32:153-161 
  28. Seifert, K. A. 1993. Sapstain of commercial lumber by species of Ophiostoma and Ceratocystis. In M. J. Wingfield, K. A. Seifert, and J. F. Webber [eds.], Ceratocystis and Ophiostoma tax onomy, ecology and pathogenicity, 141-151. The American Phytopathological Society Press, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA 

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