본 논문은 2004년 3월부터 10월까지 가야산국립공원 지역에서 선택한 총 15개 조사 지역에서 외래식물과 귀화식물의 도시화지수를 분석하였다. 가야산국립공원의 외래식물은 총 88종류로 39과 72속 82종 5변종 및 1품종이 확인되었으며,그 중 귀화식물은 47종류로 확인되었다. 가야산국립공원 지역에서 귀화율은 4.06%,도시화지수는 17.74%로 나타났다. 귀화식물은 인위적 간섭을 받은 지역을 중심으로 분포하며 비교적 보전이 잘된 지역과 인위적 간섭이 없는 자연식생에서는 귀화식물의 분포를 확인하기 어려웠다. 원산지별로는 유럽과 북아메리카원산지인 귀화식물이 37종류, 72%로 가장 많게 나타났다. 국가 차원에서 외래종의 통합관리방안이 필요하지만 가야산국립공원의 외래종분포를 확인하여 지속적인 관리를 하는 것이 자생종의 보전과 보호에 있어서 매우 중요한 역할을 하게 될 것이다.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the distribution status and environmental index of the naturalized plants and exotic plants In the 16 sites in Gayasan National Park from March to October 2004. The exotic plants were recorded as 88 taxa, 39 families, 72 genera, 82 species, 5 varieties and 1 form. The naturalized plants among the exotic plants were certified as 47 taxa. The Naturalized Ratio (NR) was 4.06% and the Urbanization Index (UI) was 17,74% in area of Gayasan National Park. The naturalized plants were distributed around the region that had accepted artificial disturbance however, it was so difficult to identify distribution of naturalized plants in the conserved area as well as natural vegetation without artificial turbulence. The naturalized plants appeared as almost all speciesas 37 taxa (72%) which both originated from Europe and North America. Although a national degree for integrated management plans of exotic plants is needed, distribution and steady management of exotic plants in Gayasan National Park are playing an important role in conservation and protection of natural species.
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