The goal of this study is to examine the sociality and school adjustment of elementary school lower-class students. The following research hypotheses were set up and addressed: Hypothesis 1: There would be significant differences in sociality of the elementary school lower-class students according to activity - making friends group counseling Program. Hypothesis 2: There would be significant differences in school adjustment of the elementary school lower-class students according to activity - making friends group counseling Program. The subjects for the study were 20 first grade students attending N elementary school in Daejeon area. The students were assigned to the two groups-experimental group(N=10) and controlled group(N=10). The experimental group received 10 sessions of the activity - making Friends group counseling program for 40 minutes by 2 times every week, and the controlled group didn't do anything. To verify the hypotheses, two tests(sociality and school adjustment tests) were administered for the pretest and post-test. Means and standard deviations obtained from these tests were analyzed with factorial covariance test using SPSSWIN(10.0). The results were as follows: Hypothesis 1 was confirmed. The scores of experimental group were significantly higher than those of controlled group in sociability, cooperation and independence, but not in observance. Hypothesis 2 was confirmed. The scores of experimental group were significantly higher than those of controlled group in teacher-student relationship, student-student relationship and classes, but not in the keeping rules. The conclusion of the result is that the program have a good effect on the elementary school lower-class students' sociality and school adjustment. Above all, along with long-term adaptability of the research, continuous studies are required.
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