이 연구는 기숙사 생활을 하는 남녀 대학생을 대상으로 주관적 체형인식, 비만도, 체중조절 행태, 비만스트레스 정도를 파악하고 각 요인들이 비만스트레스에 미치는 영향을 알아보고자 하였다. 1개 대학 기숙사 남녀 대학생 총 305명에 대하여 자기기입식 설문을 실시하였으며 조사기간은 2013.5.27.-6.7.까지였다. 분석 결과, 남녀 대학생 모두 자신의 체형을 바르게 인식하지 못하고 있었다. 여대생은 남자 대학생보다 스스로를 더 살쪘다고 느끼고 있는 반면 남자 대학생은 정상체중임에도 스스로를 마른 편으로 느끼고 있었다. 비만스트레스는 남자 대학생보다 여대생이 더 컸으며 남녀 학생 모두 비만도가 심해질수록 비만스트레스가 더 커졌다. 여대생은 실제 체형과 스스로 느끼는 체형이 불일치할 때 일치할 때보다 더 비만스트레스를 많이 받고 있었으나 남자 대학생은 여대생과는 반대의 결과를 보였다. 체중조절 시도를 한 군이 안한 군에 비해서 남녀 대학생 모두 더 높은 비만스트레스를 보였다. 남녀 대학생 모두 체중조절에 대한 신념이 높은 군이 낮은 군보다 비만스트레스가 컸다. 다변량 분석을 통해 확인한 비만스트레스에 대한 영향요인은 남자 대학생의 경우 스스로 뚱뚱하다고 느낄수록, 체중조절 관심도가 높을수록 비만스트레스가 증가하였고 여대생은 체중조절 관심도가 높을수록 비만스트레스가 증가하였다. 분석결과를 바탕으로 비만스트레스 감소에 영향을 미치는 요인들을 활용하여 비만스트레스 취약층을 도출해 낸 후 이들에 대해 보건교육을 집중하고 특히, 남자대학생의 경우에는 마른 체형이 살이 찔 수 있도록 운동프로그램을 병행하는 것이 비만스트레스 감소에 더 좋은 성과를 낼 수 있을 것이다.
Targeting in-dorm university students, this study is to check body-shape perception, obesity, weight control, and obesity stress, and to figure out the effect level of each variables toward obesity stress. Data were collected by self-evaluation questionnaire from 305 respondents in dorms of a university, and the survey was conducted from May 27 to June 7 of the year 2013. As a result of the survey, both male and female students did not properly perceive their own body-shape. Female students felt that they were fat more than male students did; on the other hand, male students felt that they were skinny even though they were in standard. Females felt more obesity stress than males, and for both male and female students, more obesity resulted in deeper obesity stress. For female students, when the actual body shape is not similar to the body shape that they believe to be, they feel more obesity stress; however for male students, the result was reversed. The group that tried weight control felt more obesity stress than the other group, for both males and females. In addition, for both male and female, the group that has more will toward weight control felt more obesity stress. The effect factors that were checked through multi-variable analysis is like the following: for male students, as they feel fat and as they pay more attention to weight control, the obesity stress increased, and for female students, as they pay more attention to weight control, the obesity stress increased. Focusing on higher obesity stress groups that are distinguished through applying factors to influence on decreasing obesity stress based on the analysis result, and especially for male university students, running exercise programs at the same time for skinny bodies to gain fat would be more effective to decrease obesity stress.
비만스트레스와 같은 정신적인 문제가 대두되기도 하며 마른 여성을 매스미디어를 통해 접한 경우 부정적인 감정과 우울감이 증가하고 자신의 신체 만족도가 낮게 나타나는 등[7-9] 부정적인 면 또한 대두되고 있다.
그러나 대중매체를 통해 전달되는 정보들은 마른 신체를 이상적인 신체로 지각하고 있다[5,6]. 자신의 체형과 대중매체에 등장하는 체형 간에 괴리가 생기면서 비만스트레스와 같은 정신적인 문제가 대두되기도 하며 마른 여성을 매스미디어를 통해 접한 경우 부정적인 감정과 우울감이 증가하고 자신의 신체 만족도가 낮게 나타나는 등[7-9] 부정적인 면 또한 대두되고 있다. 또한 비만도가 높을수록 신체에 대해 부정적이며 마른체형을 선호함에 따라 자존감이 떨어지고[10,11] 자신의 체중으로 인해 불행하다고 생각하는 등 비만 스트레스를 받고 있다[12,13].
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