Purpose: This study was conducted in order to identify the effect of a community based health promotion program for elders in Korea. Methods: The PICO-SD (Participants, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome, and Study Design) strategy was established. A search of the electronic bibliographic database of NDSL, RISS, KMbase, and KoreaMed etc. was performed and 28 articles met inclusion criteria. Results: Both exercise and health education were in most programs and were more effective than one of the two. The health education included stress management, mental health, health promotion lifestyle, chronic disease, and medication. Various exercises such as walking, stretching, gymnastics, rhythmic activity, muscle strength, and joint exercise were performed. The programs for elders showed an association with significantly improved muscular strength, flexibility, depression, quality of life, subjective health status, satisfaction with life, self-efficacy, and health promotion behavior. Conclusion: Intervention programs including both exercise and health education are effective in improving health promotion behavior and physical and psychological health status in elders. Therefore, these results could provide useful guidelines for development of effective health intervention programs for the elderly.
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