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논문 상세정보

도시하수 처리 혐기성 유동상 반응조의 후속공정으로서 화학응집의 가능성 평가

A feasibility of coagulation as post-treatment of the anaerobic fluidized bed reactor (AFBR) treating domestic wastewater

초록

본 연구는 도시하수를 처리하는 혐기성 유동상 반응조(AFBR)의 유출수 내에 존재하는 황화물, 인을 제거하기 위한 후속 공정으로서 화학응집의 가능성을 평가하였다. pH 범위 5.9에서 7.2까지는 화학응집을 통한 황화물, 인 및 COD의 제거율에 큰 영향을 주지 않았다. 알칼리도의 요구량은 $Fe(OH)_3$를 형성 및 황화물과 인을 제거하기 위한 $Fe^{3+}$의 양을 통해 추정한다. 응집보조제 농도 2 mg/L에서 음이온성 폴리머는 플록의 크기와 침전성 면에서 가장 좋은 결과를 보였다. AFBR 유출수의 황화물을 제거하기 위해 투입한 응집제 주입비($Fe^{3+}/S^{2-}$)는 0.64로 인공폐수 실험을 통해 확인한 이론적인 응집제 주입비 0.67에 가까우나 황화물 제거율은 75.2%에 그쳤다. 이렇게 높은 응집제 주입비를 요구하는 이유는 인공폐수와는 다르게 AFBR 유출수에는 황화물, 인, 수산화이온, 중탄산염이 존재하고 $Fe^{3+}$와 경쟁적으로 반응하기 때문이다. 응집제 주입비 2.0에서 황화물과 인의 농도는 각각 0.1, 0.5 mg/L 이하로 감소했다. 응집제 주입량 50 mg $Fe^{3+}/L$에서 평균적인 유출수의 COD 농도는 80 mg/L로 대부분 용존성 COD로 구성되어 있고 제거율은 55%이다. 더 높은 COD 제거율을 얻기 위해서는 AFBR에서의 용존성 COD 제거율을 강화해야 한다. $Fe^{3+}$를 이용한 화학응집은 AFBR 유출수 내의 황화물, 인 및 COD를 동시에 제거할 수 있고, 이는 상대적으로 높은 처리수 수질을 요구하지 않는 나라의 기존 하수처리 공정을 대체할 수 있을 것이다.

Abstract

This study examined a feasibility of coagulation as post-treatment to remove sulfide and phosphorus for the effluent of anaerobic fluidized bed reactor (AFBR) treating domestic wastewater. Removal efficiencies of sulfide, phosphorus and COD by coagulation were not affected by pH in the range of 5.9 to 7.2. Alkalinity requirement could be estimated by the amount of $Fe^{3+}$ to form $Fe(OH)_{3(S)}$ and to remove sulfide and phosphorus. At coagulant aid dosage of 2 mg/L, anionic polymer showed best results regarding size and settleability of flocs. Sulfide removal for the AFBR effluent at the $Fe^{3+}/S^{2-}$ ratio of 0.64, close to the theoretical value of 0.67 found with a synthetic wastewater, was only 75.2%. One of the reasons for this high $Fe^{3+}/S^{2-}$ ratio requirement is that the AFBR effluent contains sulfide, phosphorus, hydroxide and bicarbonate which can react with $Fe^{3+}$ competitively. Concentrations of sulfide and phosphorous reduced to below 0.1 and 0.5 mg/L, respectively, at the $Fe^{3+}/S^{2-}$ ratio of 2.0. Average effluent COD of 80 mg/L, mostly soluble COD, was obtained at the dosage 50 mg $Fe^{3+}/L$ ($Fe^{3+}/S^{2-}$ ratio of 2.0) with corresponding COD removal of 55%. For better removal of COD, soluble COD removal at the AFBR should be enhanced. Coagulation with $Fe^{3+}$ removed sulfide, phosphorus and COD simultaneously in the AFBR effluent, and thus could be an alternative process for the conventional wastewater treatment processes where relatively high quality effluent is not required.

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