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중학생의 성경험 영향요인

Factors Associated with Sexual Debut among Korean Middle School Students

Child health nursing research : CHNR v.20 no.3 , 2014년, pp.159 - 167  
초록

목적 본 연구는 중학생의 인구사회학적, 건강행태 특성별 성경험률과 그 영향요인을 파악하기 위해 수행되었다. 방법 제8차 청소년건강행태온라인조사 자료를 이용하여 중학생 37,297명을 분석에 이용하였으며, 다단계층화집락추출에 의한 자료이므로 청소년건강행태온라인조사에서 제시한 복합표본설계정보(층화, 집락, 가중치)를 반영하여 SPSS WIN 18.0 프로그램으로 분석하였다. 결과 남학생의 성경험은 주관적으로 인식하는 경제상태가 중간인 경우보다 높을 때 1.54배(95% CI [1.20, 1.96]), 낮을 때 1.43배(95% CI [1.08, 1.89]) 증가하였고, 양쪽 부모님이 모두 안 계실 때 2.68배(95% CI [1.82, 3.96]), 아르바이트 경험이 있는 경우 1.98배(95% CI [1.43, 2.74]) 성경험률이 증가하였다. 음주, 흡연, 약물을 할 경우 각각 2.35배(95% CI [1.79, 3.08]), 2.35배(95% CI [1.76, 3.14]), 4.17배(95% CI [2.81, 6.19]) 성경험이 증가하고 우울할 때 1.32배(95% CI [1.01, 1.71]), 자살생각이 있을 때 1.43배(95% CI [1.09, 1.89]), 성교육을 받지 않았을 때 1.67배(95% CI [1.35, 2.08]) 성경험률이 증가하였다. 여학생인 경우는 주관적으로 인식하는 경제상태가 중간인 경우보다 높을 때 1.87배(95% CI [1.30, 2.70]), 아르바이트 경험이 있는 경우 1.79배(95% CI [1.21, 2.67]) 성경험률이 증가하였다. 흡연을 할 경우 3.95배(95% CI [2.56, 6.10]), 약물을 사용할 경우 5.48배(95% CI [2.80, 10.74]) 성경험률이 증가하고 우울할 때 1.65배(95% CI [1.17, 2.31]), 스트레스가 조금인 경우보다 없을 때 2.30배(95% CI [1.18, 4.48]), 성교육을 받지 않았을 때 1.50배(95% CI [1.09, 2.07]) 성경험률이 증가하였다. 반면 부모학력이 중졸이하보다 고졸일 경우와 1학년보다 2학년의 경우 성경험률이 낮았다. 결론 남녀 중학생의 공통된 성경험 영향요인은 가정 경제수준, 아르바이트 경험, 현재 흡연, 약물사용, 우울, 성교육이었고, 남학생의 경우 양쪽 부모 동거 상태, 음주, 자살생각이 여학생과는 다른 관련 요인이었으며 여학생의 경우 부모학력, 스트레스, 학년이 남학생과는 다른 영향요인이었다. 성경험과 관련하여 남녀 학생별로 영향요인에 차이가 있기 때문에 남녀별로 차별화된 성건강 중재개발이 요구되며 성경험이 음주, 흡연, 약물 등의 문제행동과 함께 나타나므로 중학생의 성건강을 위해서는 단편적인 성교육 프로그램보다 정신건강 및 건강습관의 틀과 함께 접근해야 할 것으로 보인다.

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate factors associated with sexual debut among Korean middle school students. Methods: From the database of the Eighth Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (KYRBS), the researchers selected 37,297 middle school students aged 12-15 years. Data were analyzed using $x^2$ test and multiple logistic regression with the SPSS WIN 18.0 program. Results: The proportion of middle school students who had a sexual debut was 2.1% of boys and 1.5% of girls. In multiple regression analysis, economic status, experience of part time work, smoking, drug use and depression were associated with an increased proportion of sexual intercourse for both boys and girls. Living with parents, drinking alcohol and suicidal ideation were associated with sexual debut for boys only. By contrast, formal sexual education was associated with a reduced risk of sexual debut. Conclusion: The results of this study show the factors associated with sexual debut among Korean middle school students. Gender-related interventions should be taken into consideration in school sexual education programmes, because of differences in related factors according to gender.

저자의 다른 논문

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