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초등학생이 지각한 어머니의 양육태도, 가족건강성, 자아존중감이 학교생활적응에 미치는 영향: 지각된 어머니의 양육태도와 학교생활적응과의 관계에서 자아존중감의 중재효과

The Effects of the Rearing Attitudes of Mothers, Family Strength, and Self-Esteem on the School Life Adjustment Perceived of Elementary School Students: The Moderating Effects of Self-Esteem on the Relationship between the Rearing Attitudes of Mothers and Their Children's School Life Adjustment

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to find which variable has the biggest effect on the school life adjustment of elementary school students among family strength, self-esteem, and the mother's rearing attitude. Second, the study observes how the elementary school student's self-esteem has a moderating effect regarding the rearing attitudes of their mothers and their school life adjustment. Five hundred forty-five fifth and sixth graders from an elementary school in Cheonan, are the participants of this study. The key research findings of this study are as follows: First, among the rearing attitudes of the mothers, family strength, and self-esteem, the variable that showed the greatest relationship with positive school life adjustment was family strength followed by self-esteem. Second, The self-esteem of the elementary school students showed a 1% moderating significant effect between the rearing attitudes of the mothers and school life adjustment. In the high self-esteem group of elementary school students, the moderating effect of self-esteem showed a higher level of school life adjustment when the students perceived that their mother had an affectionate rearing attitude, but showed a lower level of school life adjustment if they perceived their mother's rearing attitude as rejective or overprotective. Therefore, this study suggests that a focus on increasing self-esteem and family strength along with the affectionate rearing attitude of mothers is needed for the positive adjustment of elementary school students.

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가족
가족이란 인간의 성장에 어떤 영향을 끼치는가?
인간이 태어나 성장하는 과정에서 형성되는 인격, 성격, 가치관, 윤리관, 인생관 등 인간에 관한 모든 면에 지속해서 영향을 미치는 교육의 장이며 환경으로써 인간에게 가장 중요한 일차적인 사회 환경

다음은 가족건강성 요인으로, 가족이란 인간이 태어나 성장하는 과정에서 형성되는 인격, 성격, 가치관, 윤리관, 인생관 등 인간에 관한 모든 면에 지속해서 영향을 미치는 교육의 장이며 환경으로써 인간에게 가장 중요한 일차적인 사회 환경이라고 할 수 있다. E.

초등학생의 학교생활적응
초등학생의 학교생활적응이 매우 중요한 이유는 무엇인가?
초등학교에서의 학교생활적응은 학교생활의 첫 단계요 시작이라는 점에서 매우 중요하다. 첫 단추가 제대로 끼워져야 마지막 단추가 잘 끼워질 수 있듯이 초등학교 생활에 잘 적응할 수 있어야 계속되는 다음 단계의 학교생활 및 이후 성인기의 사회생활 적응과 자아성취도 잘할 수 있게 된다.

초등학교에서의 학교생활적응은 학교생활의 첫 단계요 시작이라는 점에서 매우 중요하다. 첫 단추가 제대로 끼워져야 마지막 단추가 잘 끼워질 수 있듯이 초등학교 생활에 잘 적응할 수 있어야 계속되는 다음 단계의 학교생활 및 이후 성인기의 사회생활 적응과 자아성취도 잘할 수 있게 된다. 따라서 초등학생의 학교생활적응은 매우 중요하며, 이러한 점에 비추어 볼 때 초등학생의 학교생활적응에 영향을 미치는 요인과 그 요인들이 학교생활적응에 미치는 영향 어떠한지 알아볼 필요가 있다.

자아존중감이 낮은 학생
선행연구에 의하면 자아존중감이 낮은 학생은 어떤 문제를 겪는가?
우울과 불안이 높았고, 학교부적응이나 학교중단을 나타냈으며, 부모와의 갈등, 부정적인 정서 상태, 과민성, 공격성, 충동성 및 소외감, 약물남용, 자살과 비행 등 학교부적응문제를 일으키는 것으로 나타났다

Kang, 2009; J. Bang, 2008)하는 반면, 자아존중감이 낮은 학생은 우울과 불안이 높았고, 학교부적응이나 학교중단을 나타냈으며, 부모와의 갈등, 부정적인 정서 상태, 과민성, 공격성, 충동성 및 소외감, 약물남용, 자살과 비행 등 학교부적응문제를 일으키는 것으로 나타났다(S. Lee, 2013; S.

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